Although all ants may seem alike, they are divided
into many different species based on their lifestyles and physical
attributes. These living beings in fact have approximately 8800
species. Each species also has special admirable attributes. Now,
let us discuss some of these species, their lifestyles and characteristics.
Leaf Cutter Ants
specific characteristic of the leaf cutter ants also called "atta,"
is their habit of transporting the leaf pieces that they cut out on
their heads. The ants hide under leaves that are quite large compared
to their own sizes. These they secure in their closely shut chins.
Therefore, the return voyage of worker ants after a day's work presents
a very interesting picture. Anyone who sees this happening would feel
as if the floor of the forest were alive and walking. In rain forests
their actions remove about 15 percent of leaf production.19
The reason for their carrying leaf pieces is, of course, not protection
from the sun. Ants do not utilize these leaf pieces as food either.
Then, in what way do they use so many leaves?
It has been discovered that, surprisingly, Attas
use these leaves in fungus culturing. Ants cannot eat the leaves
themselves, because they do not have enzymes in their bodies that
could digest the cellulose in the leaves. Worker ants make a heap
of these leaf pieces after chewing them and insert them into the
garden substratum. In these chambers, they grow fungus on the leaves.
This way, they obtain the required protein from the shoots of the
However, when Attas are removed, the garden would
normally begin to deteriorate and would soon be overwhelmed by weed
fungi. Then, how can the Attas, who clean their gardens only before
"planting," be protected against weed fungi? The trick of maintaining
a pure fungus culture without constant weeding seems to depend upon
the saliva the ants work into the compost as they chew it up. It
is thought that the saliva contains an antibiotic that inhibits
the growth of undesirable fungi. It probably contains a growth-promoter
for the right fungus, too.21
What one has to ponder upon is the following: How have these ants
learned to cultivate fungus? Is it possible that one day one of
the ants took a leaf in its mouth by coincidence and chewed it,
and then again by chance, it placed this liquid that had become
porridge-like on a dry leaf floor which, by sheer coincidence is
a totally appropriate place, and other ants brought pieces of fungus
and planted them there and, finally, the ants which had anticipated
that some sort of food that they could eat would grow there, started
cleaning the garden, throwing out unnecessary material, and harvesting?
And then they went over and conveyed this process to the whole colony
one by one? Also, why would they have carried all those leaves to
their nests although they could not eat them?
Furthermore, how could these ants have created the saliva that they
use while chewing the leaves for the production of fungi? Even it
is thought that they may form this saliva, one way or the other,
with what information could they produce an antibiotic in their
saliva which prevents the formation of weed fungi? Does it not require
having a significant knowledge of chemistry to achieve such a process?
Even if they did have such knowledge - which is impossible- how
could they apply it and get their saliva to have this antibiotic
When one thinks about how ants could realize such a miraculous event,
hundreds of similar questions come up to none of which there are
On the other hand, if a single explanatory answer could be given,
all these questions would have been answered. Ants have been designed
and programmed to achieve the job they are performing. The observed
event is sufficient to prove that ants are born or rather caused
to be born knowing farming. Such complex behavioural patterns are
not phenomena which may develop in stages and with time. They are
the work of a comprehensive knowledge and a supreme intellect. Thus
the claims by evolutionists that beneficial behaviour is selected
in time and the required organs develop through mutations seem totally
illogical. It is, of course, no one other than Allah who gives this
knowledge to the ants from day one, and Who creates them with all
these astonishing features. It is Allah who is the "Creator" (Sani).
The features of the Atta ants we mention above set forth a picture
we shall face frequently all throughout this book. We are talking
about a living being without the ability to think, but which nevertheless
achieves a great task displaying a tremendous intellect. This is
hard for man to conceive of.
Inside the nest, slightly smaller workers chop leaves into
2)The next caste chews these bits into
pulp and fertilizes with deposits of enzyme-rich fecal fluid.
3) Other ants apply the fertile leaf
paste over a base of dried leaves in new chambers.
4) Another caste hauls in bits of fungus
from older chambers and plants it in the leaf paste. Bits
of fungus spread on the leaf paste like frost.
5) A teeming caste of dwarfs cleans
and weeds the garden, then harvests the fungus for others
Then, what does this all mean?
There is only one answer and it is a simple one: If this animal has
no capacity to think in order to enable it to do what it is doing,
then its show of intellect, in fact, introduces us somebody else's
Wisdom. The Creator Who has caused the ant to exist is letting this
animal do things beyond its capacity to show His existence and superiority
in His creation. The ant acts under Allah's inspiration and the intellect
it displays is in fact, the Wisdom of Allah.
Actually, a similar situation exists in the whole of the animal
world. We meet creatures who display a very superior intellect,
although they have neither an independent mind nor the capacity
for judgement. The ant is one of the most striking of these and
like other animals, acts, in fact, in accordance with the programme
it has been given by the Will that trains it. It reflects the Wisdom
and power of Possessor of that Will, that is, Allah.
Now, let us continue reviewing the superior skills of ants with
this basic knowledge.
The Attas' InterestIng Defence Methods
Above we see an Atta, along with its small-sized guard, carrying
Medium-sized workers of the leaf cutter ant colony spend
almost all their days in carrying leaves. It becomes difficult for
them to protect themselves during this process, because they secure
the leaves with the chins that they use for protecting themselves.
Then, if they are not able to protect themselves, who does?
It has been observed that leaf cutter worker ants walk around with
smaller size workers all the time. At first, it was thought that
this was accidental. Then, the cause for this was researched and
the finding, which was the result of a long analysis, was an astonishing
example of cooperation.
Medium-sized ants, given the task of
carrying leaves use an interesting defence system against a hostile
type of fly. This hostile fly has chosen a special place to lay
its eggs - the head portion of each ant. The maggot hatching from
the egg would feed on the ant's head, eventually decapitating the
ant. Without their smaller assistants, the worker ants are defenceless
against this fly species that is always ready to attack. Under normal
circumstances, the ants who, with their scissors like sharp mandibles,
are able to chase away the flies trying to land on them, cannot
do this while carrying leaves. Therefore, they place another ant
to defend them, on the leaf that they carry and during the attack,
these small guards fight against the enemy.23
HIghways of Attas
The road that Attas use, while carrying the leaves
they cut back to home, seems like a miniature highway. Ants who crawl
slowly on it collect all twigs, small gravel, grass and wild plants
and put them to one side. Thus, they make a clear path for themselves.
After a long period of intensive work, this highway becomes straight
and smooth as if built with a special device.
When carrying the leaves
they cut, Attas clear the road they use of all kinds of
twig bits, gravel and grass remnants. Thus they prepare
what amounts to a "highway" for themselves.
The Atta colony consists of workers
the size of a single grain of sand, soldiers who are many times larger
and medium-sized "Marathon runners". Marathon runners run around to
bring leaf pieces to the nest. These ants are so industrious that,
scaled to human dimensions, each worker runs the equivalent of four-minute
mile for 30-some miles (48 km.), with 500 pounds (227 kg.) slung over
In an Atta nest, fist-sized galleries may be found
that may go 6 metres deep. The miniature workers may move some 40
tons of soil while digging the many chambers of their huge nests.25
The building of these nests in a few years by ants is comparable
in difficulty and high standard of professionalism to man's construction
of the Great Wall of China.
This is proof that the Attas may not be regarded as ordinary simple
creatures. These ants, who are extremely hard working, are able
to achieve complex tasks that a man would find difficult to do.
Indeed, the only Possessor of might Who could have given them such
skills is Allah. To say that they have acquired all these skills
on their own and of their own accord would be illogical.
Leaf CuttIng TechnIque of Attas
When the ant cuts the leaf with its mandibles,
its whole body vibrates. Scientists have observed that this shaking
fixes the leaves, thus facilitating the cutting. At the same time,
the sound serves to attract other workers-all females-to the site
to finish off the leaf.26 The ant rubs
two small organs on his belly to produce this vibration that may
be heard as a very slight sound by human beings. This vibration
is sent through the body until reaching the sickle-like mandibles
of the ant. By rapidly oscillating her hind end, this ant cuts out
a crescent of leaf with vibrating mandibles in much the same manner
as an electric carving knife.
This technique facilitates the cutting of the leaf.
Yet, it is known that such vibrations serve another purpose as well.
Seeing a leaf-cutting ant attracts others to the same place because
many other plants in the regions where Attas live are poisonous. The
testing of each leaf by an ant being such a risky procedure, they
always go to locations where others have successfully completed their
Weaver ants live in the trees building themselves
nests out of leaves. By combining the leaves, they are able to form
nests over a few trees, thus supporting a much larger population.
The stages of building are interesting. First,
workers individually seek locations in the colony territory that
are suitable for expansion. When they find a suitable branch, they
disperse over the leaves of the branch and start pulling in the
leaves from the sides. When an ant succeeds in bending a portion
of a leaf, the workers close by also move towards it and start pulling
the leaf together. If the leaf is wider than the size of the ant,
or if it is necessary to pull two leaves together, the workers make
suspension bridges between the points to be joined. Later on, some
of the ants in the chain climb on the backs of the ants beside them,
thus shortening the chain, and the joining of the ends of the leaf
is achieved. When the leaf takes a tent-like shape, some of the
ants keep holding the leaf with their legs and mandibles and others
go back to the old nest and carry specially raised larvae to this
region. Workers rub the larvae back and forth over the joints of
the leaf, using them as a source of silk. With the silk secreted
from an opening right below the mouths of the larvae, the leaves
are fastened at the required locations. That is, the larvae are
used as sewing machines.27
The silk glands of these spinning larvae are much
larger, but they may be carried easily because they are smaller
in size. The larvae give all their silk for the needs of the colonies
instead of using them for themselves. Instead of producing silk
slowly from their silk glands, they expel a broad thread of silk,
and they do not even try to build their own cocoons. In the remaining
portion of their lives, worker ants will do everything the larvae
have to do for them. As is evident, these larvae live only as "silk
How the ants could develop such cooperation has never been explained
by scientists. Another unexplained point is how this behaviour emerged
for the first time during this alleged term of evolution. As with
the wings of the insects, the eyes of the vertebrates and other
biological miracles, how such sophisticated and beneficial faculties
developed by evolving from the first living beings is a phenomenon
which cannot be explained by the basic principles of evolution.
It is a dead end for defenders of evolution.
|| Phases of nest building
by weaver ants... In the first phase, ants pick the right
leaves on the tree they plan to settle in, and combine them
by pulling from two sides. Later on, they bring their silk
spinning larvae, as shown at the bottom, and sew the leaves
together by using them as sewing machines
It would not of course, be logical to say that one
day the larvae came together and said that "some of us have to produce
silk to meet the needs of the whole colony, so let us adjust our weights
and silk glands accordingly." That would not be a very smart theory.
We, therefore, have to admit that larvae have been created knowing
what to do. In other words, Allah, Who created these larvae, shaped
them in such a way as is suitable for their tasks.
Some of the ants, as mentioned before, are expert
"farmers". Among these, it is possible to list harvester ants, apart
from the Attas we talked about before.
The feeding mechanisms of harvester ants are quite sophisticated
and complex as compared to the feeding mechanisms of other types
of ants. These collect seeds and keep them in specially prepared
rooms. These seeds, made up of starch, are used for producing the
sugar that will feed the larvae and other workers. While many ants
use the seeds and kernels as food, only harvester ants have a system
based on gathering seeds and processing them.
Harvester ants carry starchy seeds to special chambers and
convert them into a form to be used in the nourishment of
In the chambers we see in second picture, seeds to be used
in the arid season are stored by harvester ants.
These ants collect the seeds in
the growing season and store them for use in the arid season. In special
rooms in the nest, they sort out the seeds from other objects mistakenly
brought back. Some groups of ants stay in the nest by the hour, chewing
the seeds' contents and thus producing so-called ant bread. The ants
were once thought to use some learned process to convert the seeds'
starch into the sugar they eat. It is now known that the abundant
saliva they secrete while chewing accomplishes this transformation.29
The ants we speak of here have not, of course, had any education
in chemistry. Neither can they anticipate that their saliva will
transform the seeds they collect randomly into sugar that they can
eat. Yet, the lives of these ants depend on a series of chemical
transformations that they do not know about and cannot know about.
When even men do not know of such a transformation process taking
place in the bodies of the ants and they have just learned the
details in the last few years how have the ants managed to be
fed by this method for millenniums?
Many types of ants are fed with the digestive wastes of aphids called
"honey". This substance in fact bears no relation to real honey.
However, the digestive waste of aphids, which have fed on plant
sap, is given this name because it contains a high proportion of
sugar. Thus, the workers of this species, called honey ants, collect
honey from aphids, coccidae, and flowers. The ants' method of collecting
honey from the aphid is very interesting. The ant approaches the
aphid and starts shoving its belly. The aphid gives a drop of digestive
waste to the ant. The ant starts shoving the belly of the aphid
more and more to get more honey and sucks the liquid that comes
out. Then how do they utilize this sugared food and what good is
this food for them later on?
is a great division of labour among honey ants in this phase. Some
ants are used as "jars" to keep the nectar collected by other workers!
In every nest, there is one queen, workers and also honey carriers.
The colonies of these ants are usually located near the dwarf oak
trees the workers can extract nectars from. After the workers carry
the nectar, once having swallowed it, to their nests, they take
it out of their mouths and pour it into the mouths of young workers
who will keep the honey. These workers, nicknamed honeypots, use
their own bodies to store the sweet liquid food the colony often
needs to get through hard times in the desert. They are fed until
they swell up to the size of blueberries. Then they dangle like
amber globes from the ceilings of their chambers until called upon
to regurgitate nectar to hungry sisters.30
While attached to this ceiling, they look like a small and translucent
bunch of grapes. If any of them falls down, the workers return it
to its previous position right away. Honey in the honey pots weighs
almost 8 times as much as an ant.
In winter, or in the arid season, ordinary workers visit the honey
pots to meet their daily food demands. The worker ant places its
mouth on to the "pot's" and the pot exudes a small drop of honey
from its store by contracting its muscles. The workers consume this
honey of high nutritional value as food in adverse seasons.
It is an interesting and awe-inspiring situation for
a living being to reach a weight 8 times its own, having decided
to serve as a honey pot, and to be able to live hanging from its
feet without any harm coming to it. Why have they felt the need
to accept such a difficult and dangerous position? Have they thought
about this unique storage technique themselves and controlled their
bodily developments accordingly? Just think, while a man cannot
even control the slightest development in his body, how can an ant,
who does not even have a brain in the real sense, do this on its
As shown in the picture above, honey pots that have been inflated
by storing food look like grapes
Honey ants display behavior that the evolution theory
cannot explain. It is totally illogical to maintain that they have
developed the honey storage method and the organs required for it
by chance. In fact, in scientific sources, we meet many realistic
statements on this and similar subjects. Take, for instance, the
explanation of Prof. Etienne Rabaud, Director of the Institute of
Biology of the Paris University:
These examples (for instance honey
ants) show clearly that various organs have not been developed
for performing certain functions by the living beings, although
their prior existence has sometimes led to certain acts and tasks
to be performed and sometimes not. This shows that the organs
have not developed out of the adaptation by living beings to life
conditions, but life conditions have arisen out of prior existence
of such organs and out of their functions as we have seen. The
following question may be asked as Darwin did: Does the event
of clearing, or weeding out of one who loses the capacity to live,
or the adaptation of organs to new conditions take place in this
evolution? We contend that events have proven that such an evolution,
or such a change, has not occurred. In fact, a totally different
phenomenon has taken place.31
These explanations given by Professor
Rabaud show us clearly a conclusion that anyone may arrive at by
thinking with his conscience for just a very short time. A sole
Creator Who is the real source of knowledge and intellect has created
all living beings with their faultless organs and perfect behaviour.
This truth has been expressed in the Qur'an as follows:
He is Allah, the Creator, the Maker,
the Giver of Forms. To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: Everything
in the heavens and earth glorifies Him. He is the Almighty, the
All-Wise. (Surat Al-Hashr: 24)
Wood ants are famous for the hills they build from
pine needles and thin branches on top of their underground nests.
The nest is usually founded around a tree log. The portion of the
nest above ground, made up of twigs, leaf stems, and pine needles,
is the roof of the nest. This roof may reach up to 2 metres in height,
it prevents seepage of rain inside and regulates the temperature
of the nest in very hot or very cold weather.32
In the picture, a wood ant nest is shown. The height of these
nests built by wood ants from pine needles and twigs may reach
approximately 2 metres
Wood ants, like the others, are also very
hard working. They keep re-decorating their nests continuously.
They transfer the original surface layer to the lower layers in
stages and they bring up material from the lower layers to replace
the upper level. An interesting observation was made of the changes
the ants make in the nest. Blue dye was sprayed on top of the hill
of the nest and in four days it was observed that the top of the
hill was again brown. Blue particles were found 8-10 cms below the
surface. Within one month these particles went down to a depth of
40 cm. Subsequently, these blue particles have reached the surface
Well, do these ants perform this continuous
transportation process just for the sake of doing it? No. Researchers
explain why wood ants engage in this perpetual act as follows: The
perpetual motion dries the humid substances inside at the surface
and prevents the formation of fungi. Otherwise, the ants would have
a nest occupied by harmful fungi.
In such a situation there are two possibilities. One
is that very long ago the ants, by their own research, discovered
the fact that fungi develop in a humid environment, (something which
man discovered as a result of long term scientific research) and
developed the most rational method to eliminate this problem! The
other possibility is that the conception and implementation of this
perfect process can only be through inspiration by a supreme intellect.
The impossibility of the first case is obvious. The One Who has
inspired the ants to protect themselves from the fungi and shown
them how to do so is, of course, the Almighty Allah.
DIfferent ReproductIon Methods of
The males and queens of wood ants are winged. However, they do not
fly by a nuptial flight as other small ant species do. Mating is
realized on the surface of the nest or some place nearby. After
mating, the queen picks off its wings and does one of the following
(1) She returns to the nest where she has previously
lived as a larva and leaves her eggs there.
(2) Sometimes she leaves the nest with workers carrying
her and looks for a new place to build a nest.
(3) If she leaves on her own, she enters
the nest of smaller related species, like the black ant Formica
Fusca, and replaces the queen there. The queen leaves her eggs to
be looked after by the Fusca workers in there. For a while there
are both guest workers and host workers in the nest. However, since
the hosts do not have a queen, after a while the workers die and
the wood queens acquire an established nest without doing anything.33
Wood ants are very well armed
for war. When faced with danger, the wood ant bends the lower
part of its abdomen from between its legs and squirts formic
acid on its enemy. Or, during fighting, it bites the enemy
with its pointed chin and injects acid in the wound. With
these features, the animal acts like a chemical weapon.
Its producing formic acid in its body without
giving any harm to itself and its managing to use it in the
best way are, no doubt, indications of a flawless design.
In the tactics of queen wood ants discussed in section 3, a clear
consciousness is observed. However, it is obvious that such consciousness
may not belong to the ant itself. The queen ant has never seen any
place other than the few square metres within her nest. She goes
inside a colony which she has never seen or has not known of before,
and knows who she should eliminate in that colony. She achieves
this by overcoming all obstacles. All these factors prove beyond
doubt that the queen ant is acting under inspiration. The above
mentioned phenomena are clear proof of the power and sovereignty
of Allah over all living creatures.
One of the most feared animals of the forests is the legionary ant.
The reason for the name "army" being given to this ant community
is their acting under a true military discipline.
Legionary ants who have formed a temporary nest by hanging
on to each other with their feet
Legionary ants are carnivores and they eat up everything
in sight. Each ant is 6 to 12 millimetres long, but their incredible
number and discipline make up for the disadvantage of their small
may kill the legionary ants in a short time. Therefore they travel
either at night or in the shade. Due to their sensitivity to light,
they dig long tunnels while advancing. Most of the ants run in these
tunnels without going outside. This does not decrease their speed,
because they can dig the tunnels very fast with their strong mandibles.
Thus, running is both fast and secret. Legionaries move as very
large armies, going over all obstructions except fire and water,
although they are totally blind.34
tear their prey apart where they find it and carry small pieces
of it to their temporary nests. Quite a lot of food is needed for
a legionary ant colony. The approximate daily need of a medium size
colony, consisting of 80,000 adult ants and 30,000 larvae,
is about half a gallon (2.27 litres) of animal product food.35
Since legionary ants do not have
a fixed nest, they are always moving. The movements and migrations
of the colonies depend on the production cycle. The queen produces
approximately 25-35,000 eggs during two days each month. A few days
before the laying of the eggs, the colony halts and gathers in a wide
area. The ants hang on to each other by their hook shaped legs and
form a temporary nest. The empty space in the middle acts as a chamber
ready for the queen and the new generation. Here, naturally, the legs
and joints of the ants at the very top are subject to excessive loading.
Yet, since they are built to endure weights several hundred times
more than their own weights, they can hold the whole colony without
||Chained together, army ants
create a living nest. On the move at all times, a colony of
army ants can make no permanent home on the grounds or in
trees. But each night the workers join together to create
shelters out of their own bodies. First, several ants choose
an object near the ground, like a log, and dangle from it
with their claws interlocked. Other ants arrive, run down
the strands, and fasten on until strands become ropes that
fuse into a mass a meter across called a bivouac; home is
the entire colony of 200,000 to 750,000 individuals. At the
center rests the queen and her brood. In the morning ants
begin to disentangle to go out and raid.
To hunt most efficiently, the ants
time their movements to the needs of a developing brood, alternating
between sedentary and nomadic phases. During the resting period of
about 20 days, the fat, immobile queen produces 50,000 to 100,000
eggs while other offspring lie in the quiescent pupal stage. On most
days, workers, foraging only for themselves and the queen, make short
raids from the nest in a rosette pattern. On each raid they vary their
direction by an average of 123 degrees, thus avoiding recombing the
Ants can unerringly calculate the 123° by themselves, something
which man cannot calculate without an instrument. This would appear
to indicate a thorough knowledge of mathematics. Yet ants do not
know math, they cannot even count. So this shows that what they
do is done by special inspiration, and not consciously.
When the first larvae hatch, workers collect food and, in the meantime,
the community stays stationary. Pieces of food are fed directly
to the larvae. The queen's being ready for laying again usually
coincides with earlier larvae's transition into the pupa stage.
In this stage, the community stops once again. The coinciding of
the laying of eggs by the queen and the larvae going into the pupa
stage indicates a conscious planning since it decreases the time
for which the army stops.
The development of larvae prompts the older ants
to start a new migration cycle. This is how it works: larvae give
out a secretion when they are licked and cleaned by the workers.
Research has shown that this fluid is effective in the decision
It would be a weakness of logic to claim that larvae which have
not even gained the identity of an ant yet, have thought of secreting
such a fluid and have directed the whole colony towards fulfilling
their needs. The only thing that a smart observer can spot is the
existence of a supreme Creator and His information and sovereignty
that are all around us.
Velvet ants, which lead their lives in deserts, have excessively
hairy bodies. Their natural coat serves as a heat-isolating layer.
It preserves the heat in during the cold nights of the desert, and
protects them from the heat during the day. Male velvet ants, because
of their wings, are able to avoid the heat of the sand by flying.
Yet female velvet ants have to walk around on hot sand, because
they have no wings. They need this coat to be protected from the
heat coming from ground as well as from the sun.
In these pictures two velvet ants of different species are
seen. The common feature of velvet ants is their having a
"coat" that would isolate them from the heat of the environment
Then, what is the explanation for the insect having
such a "coat" to protect it from adverse weather conditions? It is
impossible to claim that the animal has acquired it by adapting to
nature as part of the process of evolution, because this would lead
to many questions remaining unanswered: Did the female velvet ants
die due to high temperatures before having such a coat? If this was
the case, how did they wait for generations to have a coat "by coincidence"?
Through what kind of a coincidence did they get this body?
These questions are, of course, without answers, because these insects
could not have obtained their "coats" that protect them from the
heat by the mechanisms evolutionists keep suggesting, because these
ants cannot live without this coat, and they have no time to wait
for mutations which occur very seldom - and which are all harmful.
It is clear that the animals have been designed from the outset
to withstand the climate they live in.
Female velvet ants look for any type of insect
nest or bee hive that they can use after leaving their place of
mating. When they do, they go inside the nest. They are equipped
to fend off any eviction attempts and eventually they stay on in
the nest, because the velvet ants have strong arms and a shield
which allow them to go inside even bee hives. Their outer shells
are exceptionally thick and hard. Zoologists claim that they have
difficulty in piercing the chest of the velvet ant with a steel
Once inside, the velvet queen ant, which has all
kinds of equipment with which to settle in the bee hives, starts
feeding on the honey stock. Also, it leaves its eggs in the pupa
cells of the bees or their cocoons. The ant larvae that hatch, feed
on host pupae and later on they become pupae also. Bees leave the
nest at the end of summer. Velvet ants spend the winter in this
nest as pupae. According to one record, in a bee nest, there have
been found 76 velvet ants and only two bees.40
This example shows how effective and successful the female velvet
ant is in dealing with the female bee. The queen velvet ant, using
subtle tactics, captures the nest from within and gains control
of the nest herself.
What can be said here is that the velvet ant knows the bees very
well and, moreover, knows very well how to deceive them, too.
Then can it be anybody other than the Creator of the bee Who inspires
her with the physical characteristics of the bee, its life style
and nest structure? The only logical explanation is the acceptance
of the existence of a sole Creator Who has created ants, bees and,
in fact, all living beings.
Fire ants are red insects of diminutive size. Yet
they can achieve great things in spite of their smallness. The queens
of these ants, which have 20 varieties in America alone, may produce
as many as 5,000 eggs a day. While many ant species colonies have
a few hundred workers, the colonies of this species have about half
a million workers. A single mated fire ant queen can produce a colony
of 240,000 workers.41
Fire ant workers very aggressively attack their prey with poisonous
needles. It has been recorded that young fire ants have injured
or even killed reptiles or baby deer. Also these aggressive ants
may cause power failures by tearing up electricity cables. For a
while they invaded South America and caused frightening damage.
The journals and magazines of that year tell us that these ants
have chewed through electrical cables and caused power cuts; they
have caused damage to crops worth billions of dollars; they have
caused motorways to collapse and have stung people, causing allergic
shocks that have rendered them helpless. They have done all this
with their powerful mandibles, even digging tunnels under roads
causing motorways, roads to collapse and also causing other kinds
of havoc in the environment.
Protection from Germs
American experts have tried various methods to prevent the above-mentioned
damage done by fire ants. They considered spreading a contagious
disease inside the colony by injecting germs into the flies the
ants eat. Yet, astonishingly, it was seen that such flies with germs
in no way hurt the ants. In the analysis it was found out that the
ants have one of the most interesting defence systems in the world
of living beings: a structure in their throats which protect them
Because of this structure, the bacteria in anything
that the ants eat were held at the throat without entering into
But we have not come to the end of the protection
systems of the fire ants that are the product of a superior intellect.
They also spurt an anti-microbial fluid produced in their venom
sacs around the nest and on the larvae. Thus, they achieve total
disinfection of the nest and the larvae.42
These ants, equipped as they are with an extraordinary defence system,
are certainly not aware of it. Can any person with a conscience
claim that such a system has evolved by chance? Neither may it be
claimed that the ants have founded such a system on their own. Then
who is it that placed this filter in the throats of the ants, and
who inspired them to produce an anti-microbial fluid? Without doubt,
the Creator of such characteristics as man, ants and random luck
cannot produce is Allah, Who is All-Knowing.
Hard Working Ants
The defense specialist fire ants are also highly skilled and hard
working. They may build hills 30 cm high and 60 cm wide, or they
can dig labyrinthine tunnels that can go 1.5 m deep under ground.
In certain areas, fire ants have built small hills numbering up
to 350. The capacity of such small beings to set up such huge nests,
of course, depends on their industriousness. Then what is the power
that makes the ants one of the most industrious living beings in
the world? It is truly astonishing that they work all day long without
stopping or resting, and build nests dispersed over vast areas.
Not a single one says, "I worked too hard today, let me rest a bit,"
or "I don't want to work today. Let me sit in a corner." This is
a subject that must be carefully considered. It must not be forgotten
that there are times when human beings give in to exhaustion, even
when they know they have to conclude a task, and there are times
when they do not apply their will, because they are tired or they
feel lazy. Yet ants display great effort and the will to bring any
job they start to fruition. He Who gives the ants this will and
resolve, that is even stronger than that of man's, is of course
the sole master of all beings Allah.
Master Of Tactic Who Can Penetrate
The most frightening enemy of fire ants is Solenopsis
Davgeri, which is a parasitic ant species. This living being which
can penetrate their multi-leveled defence system, which even man
has difficulty in understanding, is yet another ant species. It
is not known how this parasite ant can "seep into" the nest of the
fire ant. Yet once it is in, the parasite ant immediately attacks
the queen and clamps on to her antenna, legs or thorax. While the
worker ants normally have to destroy any aggressor, why they do
nothing against this particular creature seems hard to explain.
Yet there is a simple answer. In itself attaching to her throat,
the parasite mimics the queen's pheromones. Subsequently, the workers
devote their efforts to feeding the parasites, half a dozen of which
might yoke the queen, because they think that this parasite imitating
her pheromones, is their queen. Their queen on the other hand starves
to death in full view of the workers who serve her.43
It is impossible to live in burning sand at 150°F for many living
beings including man. Yet there are ants who can continue to live
at this temperature. Well, how can Namib Ocymyrmex, which is a medium-sized,
long-legged, black desert ant live in such intense heat?
A typical day in the desert does not start at a certain time for
Namib ants. What starts the day is the standard sand surface temperature
having reached 30 degrees. Right at this point the ants start getting
out of their underground nests to look for food. Since their bodies
are very cold, they cannot move straight and they walk with a wobble.
Yet when the temperature increases, more ants come out and they
start moving straighter and faster. The temperature where the in-out
traffic of the nest is highest is 52.2 degrees. When the temperature
goes above this point, the movement goes on, but as it reaches 67.8
degrees, the traffic stops. This temperature is reached about one
hour before noon. As the temperature starts falling in the afternoon,
the food search starts again and continues until the surface temperature
drops to 30 degrees.
These ants may look for food for about six days away from the nest
without becoming a prey to any animals. During this time they carry
food home weighing 15-20 times their own weight.
Ants, who find it impossible to return to the nest when the temperature
in the desert becomes impossibly high, use quite an interesting
method for protection from heat. The air temperature decreases as
one rises above the sand. For instance, while the temperature of
the sand is 67.8 degrees, a little above it, the air temperature
is 55 degrees. Therefore, when the sand surface temperature is above
52.2 degrees, ants climb on to objects like plants and stay there
for a while to cool. The temperature of the small body of the ant
soon falls to the ambient temperature. In tree trunks, the temperature
varies between 30 and 38.3 degrees. These cooling breaks make it
possible for the ant to look for food in burning heat, albeit intermittently.
In high temperatures, if the ant cannot find a cool place within
a few seconds, it is going to die from heat. In fact, in sand temperatures
of over 52.2 degrees, they take such a risk every time they leave
their nests. Then how have desert ants escaped this inevitable end?
Since they do not measure the temperature with a thermometre, we
can safely say that they came into existence knowing what to do
at what temperature and knowing these things from the very first
time they left the nest.
Yes, the desert ant has been created and equipped with special features
to live in the desert. Allah, Who has created a sharp mandible for
leaf cutter ants has inspired in the desert ants the knowledge of
how to protect themselves.
19 National Geographic, July
1995, p. 100.
20 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, The Ants, Harvard University
Press, 1990, p. 597-598.
21 The Insects, Peter Farb and the Editors of Time-Life Books, p.
22 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 104.
23 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 100.
24 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 104.
25 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 100.
26 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 104.
27 Harun Yahya, For Men of Understanding, Ta-Ha Publishers, 1999,
28 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, The Ants, Harvard University
Press, 1990, p. 626.
29 The Insects, Peter Farb and the Editors of Time-Life Books, p.
30 National Geographic, June 1984, p. 803.
31 Bilim ve Teknik Dergisi (Journal of Science and Technics), June
1978, no: 127, p.44.
32 National Geographic, June 1984, p. 813.
33 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, The Ants, Harvard University
Press, 1990, p. 176-177, 450.
34 The Insects, Peter Farb and the Editors of Time-Life Books, p.
35 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
Ltd., p. 14.
36 National Geographic, June 1984, p. 797.
37 National Geographic, June 1984, p. 801.
38 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
Ltd., p. 15.
39 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
Ltd., p. 199.
40 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
41 New Scientist, November 4, 1995, p. 29.
42 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, Journey to The Ants, Harvard
University Press, Cambridge, 1994, p. 6.
43 Science, Vol.263, 18 March 1994.