Reserving The Race
large portion of an ant colony is made up of female ants. Male
ants have a rather shorter life span. Their only task is to mate
when they mature with a young queen. Male ants die a short while
after they mate. All worker ants are female. In short, all ant
communities are, in fact, a world of mothers and daughters.
Ants are a harmonious society regardless of their
number. In ant colonies, it is possible to see every stage in the
life of a society. The purpose in life for ants, who are bound to
their colonies with great sacrifice is not individual. They are,
all together, like a single body and their purpose is to keep that
body alive. They do not think twice before electing death, if it
is for the survival of the colony. The best example of this is what
happens to the male ants after the nuptial flight.
Dying for Survival of the Race
The mating of ants looks almost like a ceremony.
Most ants mate in the air. The males come earlier and wait for the
young queen. When a female lands on the ground (the female also
has wings before mating), 5-6 male ants start racing around the
queen. When the female has obtained enough sperms, it sends out
a certain vibration. The male understands this signal as meaning
that the female is ready to detach. A short while after mating,
the male ant dies.78
This type of sacrifice is in fact very hard to explain.
The male ant taking the nuptial flight which will end in its death
for the survival of its race is a type of behaviour that cannot
be explained by the theory of evolution because, according to the
fundamental logic of evolution, each living being only worries about
the continuation of its own life. Yet, male ants have been fertilizing
female ants for millions of years, knowing that at the end, death
The only truth that can explain this sacrifice is that
the male ant acts under the inspiration of its Creator. Otherwise,
it is impossible that a creature, which is alleged to go through
the natural selection process, should preserve such sacrificial
behaviour for millions of years. Judging by the basic principles
of the theory of evolution, male ants would have to escape from
this "death flight" one way or another, and this would mean the
end of the ant species. Yet, currently, thousands of ant species
still keep on living on earth with their colonies numbering hundreds
of thousands. Not a single male ant has ever run away from this
flight which means "the end" for it
After the Nuptial Flight
After mating, the female ant looks for a suitable nest, and when
she finds one, she enters it and promptly tears off her wings. Later
on, she bars the entrance and stays without food and alone for several
weeks. Then she lays her eggs. (During this time, she feeds on her
wings). She feeds the larvae coming out first with her own saliva.
This long-lasting and tough effort is another example of sacrifice,
but in the remaining portion of her life, the queen will be fed
by her colony.
Due to limited food, the first swarm is small. These
are the first workers of the colony and take care of the following
swarms continuing to make sacrifices in the same way. The new generation
of ants that grows up under their exceptional care become larger,
because they have better nutrition.
First Founders of Sperm Bank
As we mentioned before, the lives of male ants are not very long.
They die anything from a few hours to a couple of days after the
nuptial flight. Yet, it is very interesting that each male who has
taken the nuptial flight, risking death, has left sperms for its
offspring to be born years after it dies. Well, how are these sperms
preserved alive and how are they able to produce new ants by fertilizing
the eggs? Can the ants have developed a superior technology and
formed a sperm bank?
Yes, each queen ant has a sperm bank
in her body. After receiving the ejaculate from the male, the queen
stores it in an oval bag located near the tip of her abdomen. In
this organ, called the spermatheca, the individual sperm are physiologically
inactivated, and they can remain in suspended animation for years.
When at last the queen lets them back out into her reproductive
tract, either one at a time or in small groups, they become agile
again and ready to fertilize the egg passing down the tract from
the ovaries.79 This means that the
sperm bank which has come into use over the last 25 years through
high technology, has been used by the ants since time immemorial.
After the nuptial flight, the queen looks for a suitable place
to found her colony. When she finds a place like she wants,
she first tears off her wings and starts forming her own colony
This mechanism of which, until 50 years ago, human beings
had not the slightest inkling, has been used by ants for millions
of years. Since the ants cannot go through stages man has gone through
by setting up laboratories and having this mechanism placed in their
bodies, they must have had this mechanism since the very beginning.
If allegations are made to the contrary, many questions similar
to the ones below shall have to be answered.
1. When the ants came into existence for the first time,
did not the males die after the nuptial flight? If they did not,
then why are they dying now? Did they think that it was more appropriate
to be destroyed after the death flight as part of the survival of
the fittest process?
2. Since male ants die right after the nuptial flight,
would not the ant species have been extinct long time ago had it
not been for the formation of the sperm storage required for the
survival of their species?
3. If the sperm bank has existed since they first came
into existence, then who has equipped their bodies with this mechanism?
These are just a few of the questions that must be answered
by those who do not accept the supreme creation by the Creator.
Thousands more questions may be formulated just on the subject of
the survival of the ant species and each one of these questions
points to creation by design and renders evolutionist claims impossible.
Sacrifice of Workers
The eggs that the queen ant lays and immature
young ants both live in the child care chambers of the nest. If
the temperature and humidity become such that they may harm the
young, then worker ants carry the eggs and the young ants to a more
suitable environment. They keep the eggs close to the surface in
the daytime to benefit from the heat and take them to deeper chambers
at night or on rainy days.
This means that the workers try to protect the eggs and
young ants with great care and try to keep them comfortable. Some
of them take the larvae around the nest on a hot day to cool them
down and some of them cover the walls of the nest with discarded
cocoons to prevent humidity and some of them seek food. Every single
one of these actions shows that ants act out of very kind consideration.
One ant will take the larvae around the nest to cool them, while
another ant will insulate the wall of the nest by cocoons to adjust
the temperature – a very modern insulation technique. Yet, it must
not be forgotten that this being which we regard as having made
a kind gesture, does not have any thinking capacity. Regardless
of how advanced its technology may become, science will never be
able to find the cause of this sacrifice displayed by a tiny bug.
Furthermore, this sacrifice is in total contradiction of the most
fundamental principles of the theory of evolution.
||The sole task of one group of worker ants in ant colonies
is to look after the eggs and larvae. These workers are generous
with their time. They spend every moment of their lives guaranteeing
the survival of their species.
All these examples show that these living beings
also act under Allah's inspiration and that they obey Him. This secret
is explained in the Qur'an as follows:
Everything in the heavens and every creature
on the earth prostrates to Allah, as do the angels. They are not puffed
up with pride. They fear their Lord above them and do everything they
are ordered to do. (Surat an-Nahl:
Treasure of Ants
All the activities of ant colonies centre on the queen and her eggs.
The ants hold their queens, who ensure the reproduction of their
colonies, in high regard. All their needs are met by worker ants.
The most important thing a worker ant does is to serve the queen
and ensure her survival and her babies.
Ant eggs are the most valuable treasure
of the colony. The first thing the ants do when they sense any danger
to their larvae is to take the babies to a secure place. Yet, since
baby ants die within a couple of hours of coming into contact with
the dry air outside, worker ants try to keep the air humid in the
sections where the larvae are. There are various techniques they
have developed for this. First of all, they build their nests in
such a way as to keep the moisture of the air and soil within tolerable
limits. In addition, ants who assume the task of being caretakers
of the babies, regularly shift brood up and down through the dense
system of chambers. They try to find the most suitable environment
for them. Furthermore, the needs of brood vary according to age.
For instance, while eggs and larvae need a humid environment, the
pupae have to be in a strictly dry medium. Workers keep on working
for 24 hours without rest to complete these tasks.80
The worker ants in the colony have dedicated themselves
to raising the eggs of their constantly laying queen instead of
laying eggs themselves. They take many risks on this score, because
the humid medium required for eggs and larvae is ideal for the growth
of bacteria and fungi that are potential health hazards for the
Then, how are the workers protected
in such an unhealthy environment? Allah, Who has created ants with
their magnificent systems, has given them another defence technique.
The metapleural glands in the thorax of adult ants continuously
secrete substances that kill bacteria and fungi. Therefore, ant
colonies are rarely struck by bacterial or fungal infections.81
Can Darwinism Explain Sacrifice?
Charles Darwin, who is the originator of the theory
of evolution, has suggested that the basic motivation of the process
of evolution was that of staying alive. In Darwin's view, when individuals
of a species acquire traits that increase their chances for survival,
those individuals have an advantage; due to this advantage, they
survive and produce relatively more living offspring, thus eventually
spreading the trait throughout their species. Evolution, therefore,
would be expected to favor self-preservation, not self-sacrifice.82
Yet, Darwin's theory of natural selection was given a
shattering blow by the discovery of so many incredible examples
of self-sacrifice shown by ants. It was very difficult for proponents
of the theory of evolution to produce an explanation of such characteristics,
some of which were found while Darwin was still alive. In fact,
Darwin himself stated in his book, called The Origin of Species:
Many instincts are so wonderful that
their development will probably appear to the reader a difficulty
sufficient to overthrow my whole theory. I may here premise that
I have nothing to do with the origin of the mental powers, any more
than I have with that of life itself. 83
After such an open confession, the hypothesis he set
forth in order to save his theory is beset by even greater complications.
According to the explanation Darwin brought to this conflicting
situation, natural selection was realized not at the level of individual,
but at the group level within certain groups.
However, this could not go any further than a claim impossible
to prove, because it was just an estimate which was set forth for
the sake of saving the theory, which did not depend on any solid
findings or observations. Evolutionists who came after Darwin could
never explain the examples of sacrifice in animals.
It is impossible to explain the examples of sacrifice
and generosity experienced among ants, termites, bees and other
social insects by any technique offered by the theory of evolution.
There is only a single explanation for a living being to put its
own security and comfort at risk in order to work on providing security
and comfort for members of the group it lives in: the social order
of the group has been determined by a conscious designer and this
designer has assigned different tasks for each member of the group.
The members of the group abide by this task distribution and if
necessary, sacrifice themselves. What is important is the survival
of the order of the group, and the sacrifice needed for it may be
achieved, not by the will of insects lacking any consciousness and
judgement, but by the will that directs them.
National Geographic, June 1984, p. 790-791
79 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, Journey to The Ants, Harvard
University Press, Cambridge, 1994, p. 30
80 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, The Ants, Harvard University
Press, 1990, p. 374
81 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, Journey to The Ants, Harvard
University Press, Cambridge, 1994, p. 195.
82 The Insects, by Peter Farb and the Editors of Time-Life Books,
83 The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin, London: Senate Press, 1995,