earth we inhabit and in the wider universe in which the earth
is located great harmony prevails. Even by looking out of the
window, we see many examples of this harmony. In the clouds, in
the sky, trees, flowers, animals and in similar examples, perfect
order and symmetry is apparent.
When we look at nature, we see that every plant and every animal
have their own particular colours and patterns exclusive to their
kind. Furthermore, each of these colours and patterns have different
meanings for living things: an invitation to mate, expression
of aggression, a warning against danger and many notions like
these acquire a meaning among animals from the perception of colours
The theory of evolution,
which claims that everything has come into being by random coincidence,
has reached a total impasse because of the artistry, diversity
of colours and harmony exhibited in nature. Charles Darwin, the
founder of the theory in the form in which we have it today, also
had to confess the situation he faced because of the design evident
in living beings. Darwin stated that he could not understand why
the colours of living creatures have particular meanings:
difficulty is, why are caterpillars sometimes so beautifully
and artistically coloured? Seeing that many are coloured to
escape danger, I can hardly attribute their bright colour in
other cases to mere physical conditions. If any one objected
to male butterflies having been made beautiful by sexual selection,
and asked why should they not have been made beautiful as well
as their caterpillars, what would you answer? I could not answer
but should maintain my ground.1
Darwin expresses the conflict he came into with his own theory
value the cases of bright-coloured, incubating male fishes,
and brilliant female butterflies, solely as showing that one
sex may be made brilliant without any necessary transference
of beauty to the other sex; for in these cases I cannot suppose
that beauty in the other sex was checked by selection.2
it is impossible for colours, order and symmetry in nature to
have come into being by natural selection. At this point, it would
be useful to have a closer look at the concept of "natural
selection" put forward by the Darwinian theory of evolution.
As is well known, natural selection is one of the imaginary mechanisms
of the theory of evolution. It holds that those best fitted to
their environment will survive, while those who are weak and unfit
for environmental conditions will be eliminated. According to
the claims of evolutionists, a beneficial change occurs in a member
of a species through a random mutation in its genes. That creature
is selected from among all others of that species by the mechanism
of survival of the fittest, and thus what was a random mutation
is transferred in larger amounts to the next generation.
Allah Who determines the colours of all living beings in nature.
It is definitely not possible for colours, patterns
and the symmetry in the patterns of living beings to have been
created through such a mechanism. This is a very obvious fact.
Although he is the founder of the theory, Darwin himself had to
confess that the imaginary mechanism of natural selection could
not be the cause of such an order. Also, J. Hawkes questions the
meaninglessness of natural selection in his article "Nine
Tantalizing Mysteries of Nature", published in New York Times
magazine by stating that he has difficulty in believing that the
dazzling beauty in birds, fish, flowers, etc. came about by natural
selection. Beyond that, he asks the question whether human consciousness
can be the product of such a mechanism. In his article, finally,
he concludes that the human mind that produced the blessings of
civilization, and the creative imagination that immortalized those
such as Socrates, Leonardo da Vinci, Shakespeare, Newton and Einstein
cannot be the gift of the law of the jungle called the "struggle
for survival" to us.3
are one of the creatures that change colour most rapidly according
to their surroundings. It is certainly not possible for a
chameleon to make a system so complex as changing the colour
of its body cells in such a short time on its own. This system
present in chameleons is a product of matchless design. And
this design belongs to Allah, the most Wise.
As understood from those confessions of evolutionists, they know
that their theory is in crisis. It is unreasonable to defend the
idea that a cell, which supposedly came into existence coincidentally
as a result of lightning and rains on the earth, turned into multicoloured
living things over time. Suppose a scientist to take a single
cell of a bacterium for instance, provide the most suitable laboratory
conditions, use all the equipment required, spend effort on having
this cell evolve over millions of years (though this is not possible,
let us suppose it is); what would he acquire in the end? Would
he ever transform a bacterium into a peacock with its dazzling
colours, or into a leopard with perfect patterns on its skin,
or into a rose with its red velvet-like leaves? Of course, intelligent
people can neither imagine such a thing nor make such a claim.
Yet, this is exactly the claim of the theory of evolution.
"Colour" Impasse of EvolutIon
Let us verify with an example that it is impossible for the colours
of living beings and systems of transformation of colour to come
about by natural selection. Let us take chameleons for an example.
Chameleons are animals capable of adapting to the colours present
in the environment and changing their colours according to the
surroundings. While resting on a green leaf, they assume a green
colour, while moving onto a brown branch, their skin changes to
brown in a very short time. Let us think together over how this
process of colour change takes place.
A living creature changes its colour as a consequence of highly
complex processes taking place in its body. It is impossible for
a man to change either his own colour or another living being's
colour, because the human body is not equipped with the proper
systems for such an operation. Nor is it possible for a human
to develop such a system on his own because it is not like a piece
of equipment to be developed and installed. In short, for a living
creature to be able to change its colour, it is imperative for
this creature to come into being with such a colour change mechanism.
Let us think about the first chameleon on the earth. What would
happen if this creature did not have the ability to change colour?
First, the chameleon would be easy prey since it could not hide.
Besides, since it would be easily recognised, hunting would be
very difficult for it. This would finally cause a chameleon devoid
of any other defence mechanism to die or starve and, after a while,
to become extinct. Yet, the existence of chameleons in the world
today evidently proves that such an event has never taken place.
So, chameleons possessed this perfect system from the first moment
they appeared on earth.
Evolutionists claim that chameleons have developed this system
over time. This would make some questions occur to our minds:
why have chameleons chosen to develop such a complex system such
as changing colour instead of an easier defence mechanism? Why
has it chosen changing colour while there are so many kinds of
defence mechanisms? How has such a mechanism, providing for all
the chemical processes necessary for colour change, been formed
in the chameleon? Is it possible for a reptile to think of such
a mechanism and then develop the necessary systems in its body?
More, is it possible for a reptile to encode the information necessary
for colour change in the DNA present in its cells?
Unquestionably, this is impossible. The conclusion to be drawn
from the answers given to such questions as above will be one
and the same: it is impossible for a living creature to develop
such a complex system that allows it to change its own colour.
systems of colour change, but also the diversities of colour and
pattern in living beings deserve focus. It is impossible for the
bright colours in parrots, the diverse colours in fish, the symmetry
in the wings of butterflies, the fascinating patterns in flowers
and the colours of other living things to have been formed on
their own. Such perfect patterns, colours and figures, which serve
very important purposes in the lives of living things, are concrete
evidence of creation. It is obvious that there is a superior design
in the formation of the colours around us.
|There is perfect symmetry
in nature, which could by no means have originated by chance.
Let us make it clear with an example: let us suppose that we are
designing a product consisting of squares. Even to draw one of
them, we need to make a small calculation and make sure that all
four sides are linear and equal and the square has 90-degree angles
at the corners. We can draw the square only after making some
calculations and adjustments. As seen, even drawing a single square
requires some knowledge and skill.
apply the same reasoning to living creatures around us and ponder
on them. There is perfect harmony, order and plan in living beings.
A person who appreciates the necessity of knowledge and skill
in drawing a simple square, will understand right away that origination
of the order, harmony, colours and design in the universe is also
a product of infinite knowledge and skill. Therefore there is
no reasonable or scientific ground for claiming that a system
such as the universe has come into existence by chance. Allah,
the Most Powerful, has created the entire universe. Allah is the
One Who fashions everything He creates most beautifully.
Symmetry In Nature Cannot OrIgInate by Chance
One of the most striking points producing harmony in the universe
is symmetry. Living things have symmetric structures. Anything
we see in nature, a seed for instance, a fruit or a leaf we examine
will show us symmetry in their structure. Let us take a leafy
plant. Leaves wind around the body of the plant like a spiral.
This is a certain type of symmetry. Similarly, an observable order
rules in the arrangement of the grains of a seed and in the design
of the veins of the leaf.
wings are another example of the symmetry in nature. On both wings
of a butterfly are the same shades of colour and patterns. A pattern
on one wing is also present on the other in exactly the same place.
We can see many other examples of symmetry around us, a few of
which we summarised above. The important thing however is that
there is a common conclusion to be drawn from all the given examples.
There is a matchless order, or to be more exact, a magnificent
artistry displayed in living things. One of the greatest evidences
of the fact that the universe could by no means have come into
being by coincidence is this subtle order and artistry. In his
book titled "The Theory of Evolution and Bigotry", Prof.
Cemal Yildirim states this fact although he is an evolutionist
is far from being convincing to attribute this order in living
things, which seems to have a particular purpose, to chance
everything in the universe within a larger order. Allah has control
over all things.
Your God is One God. There is no god but Him, the All-Merciful,
the Most Merciful. In the creation of the heavens and earth, and
the alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail
the seas to people's benefit, and the water which Allah sends
down from the sky - by which He brings the earth to life when
it was dead and scatters about in it creatures of every kind -
and the varying direction of the winds, and the clouds subservient
between heaven and earth, there are Signs for people who use their