The data Bank of Life: DNA
The progress of science makes it clear that living
beings have an extremely complex structure and an order too perfect
to have come into being by coincidence. This is evidence to the
fact that living beings are created by an All-Powerful Creator with
superior knowledge. Recently, for instance, with the unravelling
of the perfect structure in the human gene which became a prominent
issue due to the Genome Project, the unique creation of God has
once more been revealed for all to see.
From the U.S.A. to China, scientists from all
over the world have given their best efforts to decode the 3 billion
chemical letters in DNA and to determine their sequence. As a result,
85% of the data included in the DNA of human beings could be sequenced
properly. Although this is a very exciting and important development,
as Dr. Francis Collins, who leads the Human Genome Project states,
so far, only the first step has been taken in the decoding
of the information in DNA.
In order to understand why the decoding of this
information takes so long, we have to understand the nature of the
information stored inDNA.
The Secret World of DNA
The DNA, which is found in the nucleus
of each of the 100 trillion cells in our body, contains the
complete construction plan of the human body. It is evident
that such a complex molecule could not be formed by coincience
spontaneously, as a result of an evolutionary process.
In the manufacture or management of a technological
product or plant, the greatest tool employed is the experience and
accumulation of knowledge that man has acquired over many centuries.
The necessary knowledge and experience needed for the construction
of the human body, the most advanced and sophisticated 'plant' on
earth, is stored in DNA. The important point to note here is that
DNA has always existed since the first human being in all its present
perfection and complexity. As you read the lines below, you will
also come to see clearly how unreasonable it is to claim, as evolutionists
do, that such a molecule, with all its mind-blowing structure and
properties, originated as a result of coincidences.
DNA is delicately protected in the nucleus located
in the center of the cell. When it is recalled that human cells
– numbering up to 100 trillions – have an average diameter of 10
microns(A micron is 10-6 m.), the smallness
of the area in question is better understood. This miraculous molecule
is a clear evidence of the perfection and extraordinary nature of
God's art of creation. It is so much so that even a special branch
of science has been set up to explore the secrets of this molecule,
many of which still remain hidden. The name of this branch of science
is "Genetics". Recognized as the science of the 21st century, genetics is still in the phase
of crawling, as far as solving the mystery of DNA is concerned,
despite all the technological means at its disposal.
Life in the Nucleus
If we compare the human body to a building, the
body's complete plan and project down to its minute technical detail
is present in DNA, which is located in the nucleus of each cell.
All the developmental phases of a human being in the mother's womb
and after birth take place within the outlines of a predetermined
program. This perfect order in the development of man is stated
as follows in the Qur'an:
Does man reckon he will be left to go on
unchecked? Was he not a drop of ejaculated sperm, then a blood-clot
which He created and shaped. (Surat Al-Qiyama, 36-38)
Right at the phase of a newly fertilized egg
cell in the mother's womb, all the characteristics we will bear
in the future have been determined within a certain destiny and
coded in our DNAs in an orderly fashion. All our characteristics,
such as our height, skin colour, blood type, facial features that
we will bear when we come to our thirtieth year are encoded in the
nucleus of our inaugural cell thirty years nine months beforehand,
starting from the moment of insemination.
The body of information in DNA does not only
determine the physical properties we have mentioned above; it also
controls thousands of other operations and systems running in the
cell and the body. For instance, even the highness, lowness, or
normality of a person's blood pressure depends on the information
stored in DNA.
The Huge Encyclopedia in the Human Cell
information stored in DNA must by no means be underestimated. Though
hard to believe, in a single DNA molecule of a human being, there
is enough information to fill exactly one million encyclopedia pages.
Do consider it; exactly 1,000,000 encyclopedia pages… This is to
say that the nucleus of each cell contains so much information as
to fill a one-million-page-encyclopedia, which is used to control
the functions of the human body. To draw an analogy, we can state
that even the 23-volume-Encyclopedia Britannica, one of the greatest
encyclopedias of the world, has 25,000 pages. Therefore, before
us lies an incredible picture. In a molecule found in a nucleus,
which is far smaller than the microscopic cell wherein it is located,
there exists a data warehouse 40 times bigger than the biggest encyclopedia
of the world that includes millions of items of information. This
means a 920-volume huge encyclopedia which is unique and has no
equal in the world. Research puts it that this huge encyclopedia
would be estimated to contain 5 billion different pieces of information.
Were one piece of information present in human genes to be read
every second, non-stop, around the clock, it would take 100 years
before the process was completed. If we imagine that the information
in DNA were put in the form of a book, then, these books put on
top of each other would reach 70 meters high.
Let us repeat these two words just mentioned
above; 'contain information'…
We should stop here and consider these two words
which we pronounce so simply. It is simple to say that a cell contains
billions of pieces of information. Yet, this is far away from being
a detail that can be casually dropped as a remark. This is because
what we talk about here is not a computer or a library, but just
a cube that is 100 times smaller than a millimeter, simply made
up of protein, fat and water molecules. It is an extremely amazing
miracle for this infinitesimal piece of flesh to contain and store
even a single bit of information-let alone millions of it.
The information necessary to specify
the design of all the species of organisms which have ever
existed on the planet, a number of approximately one thousand
million, could be held in a teaspoon and there would still
be room left for all
the information in every book ever written.
In the modern era, people use computers to store
information. The computer technology is today considered as the
most advanced technology that paves the way to all other technologies.
A body of information, which, 20 years ago, could be stored in a
computer the size of a room, can today be stored in small "microchips",
yet even the latest technology invented by human intelligence after
centuries of accumulated knowledge and years of hard work is far
from reaching the information storage capacity of a single cell
nucleus. We think that the following comparison would be sufficient
to give a sense of the smallness of DNA, which has such an immense
The cell resembles a big factory which
contains conveyor systems, information storing centers, special
compartments where chemical processes are made, energy generating
power stations, and packaging centers. The only difference
between the cell and such a factory is the cell's microscopic
The information necessary to specify the design
of all the species of organisms which have ever existed on the planet,
a number according to G.G. Simpson of approximately one thousand
million, could be held in a teaspoon and there would still be room
left for all the information in every book ever written.1
How can a chain invisible to the eye, made up
of atoms arranged sideways, with a diameter the size of a billionth
of a millimeter, possess such an information capacity and memory?
And also add the following to this question: While each one of the
100 trillion cells in your body knows one million pages of information
by heart, how many encyclopedia pages can you, as an intelligent
and conscious human being, memorize in your entire life?
The Wisdom in the Cell
In this case, you must admit that any cell in
your stomach or ear is much more learned than you, and since it
makes use of this information in the most correct and perfect way,
it is much more wise than you.
What, then, is the source of this wisdom? How
come every one of the 100 trillion cells in your body has come to
possess such an incredible wisdom? These are, after all, piles of
atoms, and they are unconscious. Take the atoms of all the elements,
combine them in different forms and numbers, obtain different molecules,
still you can never obtain wisdom. Whether these molecules are big
or small, simple or complex does not matter. You can never obtain
a mind that will consciously organize any process and accomplish
how can it be that DNA, which is composed of the arrangement of
a certain number of unwise and unconscious atoms in certain sequences,
and enzymes, working in a harmonious way, is able to achieve much
work and organise countless complicated and diverse operations in
the cell in a perfect and complete manner? The answer to this is
very simple; wisdom is not in these molecules or in the cell that
contains them, but in the self who has brought these molecules into
being, programming them to function as they do.
Shortly put, wisdom is present not in the work
done, but in the creator of that work. Even the most developed computer
is the product of a wisdom and intellect that has written and installed
the programs to operate it, and then used it. Likewise, the cell,
DNA and RNAs in it, and the human being made up of these cells are
nothing but the works of the One Who created them as well as what
they do. No matter how perfect, complete and striking the work is,
the wisdom always lies with the owner of the work.
One day, if you found a diskette on the table
in the computer laboratory, and after looking inside, discovered
that it contains billions of items of information about you, the
first question that would come to your mind would be who has written
these pieces of information and why.
So, why don't we ask the same question for the
cell? If the information in the diskette was written by someone,
then by whom DNA, which has a much more superior and advanced technology,
is designed in the most perfect manner, created, and placed in the
tiny cell, which, by itself, is another miracle. Besides it has
not lost any of its properties for thousands of years until our
day. (Bear in mind that the brain of the human being who makes the
diskette and saves the data in it, is also made up of these cells.)
What can be more important for you than to question by whom and
why these cells, that function non-stop for you to read these lines,
see, breathe, think, in brief, to exist and continue to exist, have
been brought into being?
Is not the answer to this question that which,
in life, you must wonder about most?
A Few More Examples
It is a well-known method: the travellers, who
get stuck in an isolated land as a result of a plane crash, draw
a big 'X' to show their places to the rescue team that looks for
them from the air. Using their belongings or the objects they have
collected, they make a big cross-shaped sign. In this way the rescue
team that sets out on reconnaissance from the air, sees this sign
which is a 'product of wisdom' and understands that there are conscious
living beings, that is, human beings in that place.
While travelling along on Turkish highways, you
sometimes see inscriptions made of white stones on the slopes of
the hills like; 'Everything is for the motherland'. How these writings
have come to form on those hills is quite clear. In most cases,
there is a military unit around and they write such inscriptions
with white stones on the hill while clearing the zone.
The complex structure of a living cell
was unknown in Darwin's day and at the time, ascribing life
to "coincidences and natural conditions" was thought by evolutionist
to be convincing enough. However, the probability of the formation
of a cell by chance is as unlikely as the chance printing
of a book caused by an explosion in a printing house. This
means that it is not possible for the cell to come into being
by coincidence and therefore, it definitely should have been
Well, can anybody come up and say that these
inscriptions are not written by a conscious mind, in this case the
soldiers, and instead formed by coincidence? Can anybody say that
'these stones came side by side by chance while rolling down the
hill and formed the sentence 'Everything is for the motherland'"?
Or if a 'scientist' comes up and says 'there
are trillions of stones in the world and they have been rolling
over for millions of years, so it is possible that some of these
stones came together by coincidence as to make this meaningful sentence',
would he not be ridiculed even by children? In addition to this,
if he uses a scientific style, makes some scientific explanations,
and puts forward some probability calculations, would everybody
not further doubt about his mind?
The main idea we would like to give with these
examples is this: If there is even the slightest sign of something
planned somewhere, there certainly lies the traces of an owner of
wisdom in that place. No product of wisdom would form by chance.
If you roll white stones down the mountain billions of times, you
would never obtain even a proper 'H', let alone a sentence such
as "Everything is for the motherland". If there is a letter
somewhere, everybody accepts that that letter is written by somebody.
There would be no letter without a writer.
The human body is trillions of times more complicated
than the sentence 'Everything is for the motherland', and it is
definitely impossible for this complex structure to have been formed
on its own, or by sheer "coincidence". Therefore, there
is a Creator Who has planned and designed both the human and his
cell and his DNA excellently and perfectly. To claim the contrary
would be the most unwise thing possible, and moreover a greatest
insincerity and insolence. This would be a great disrespect against
the owner of that wisdom and power.
Nevertheless, many people, who would readily
say that it is impossible for stones to be arranged within themselves
and form even three little words, can listen without objection the
deceit that it was all as a result of "coincidences" that
billions of atoms came together one by one in a planned sequence
and formed a molecule such as DNA, which performs such a super-complex
task. This is just like a hypnotized person's submitting to the
hypnotist and accepting by suggestion that he is a door, tree or
The Language of the DNA Encyclopedia
The life of societies is based on information
flow, and communication. The most important tool in the information
flow between individuals and generations is language. Language is
represented by specific codes, which are letters. English is a language
made up of 26 letters or we may say 26 codes. These codes make up
words and words in turn make up sentences. The information flow
and storage is realised by means of these codes.
language in the cell is similar to this. All the physical traits
of a human being are stored in the cell nucleus being coded by this
language, and it can be used by the cell again by way of this language.
This language is that of the master molecule, called DNA. The DNA
language is made up of 4 letters; A, T, G and C. Every letter represents
one of the four special bases called 'nucleotides'. Millions of
these bases line up in a meaningful sequence and make up the DNA
That is how the information in the data bank
in the nucleus is stored. While we describe the coding system in
this data warehouse, we will continue to use this letter analogy
for the nucleic acid molecules which constitute DNA. These letters
match in twos each forming a base pair in this way. These base pairs
add on top of each other to form the genes. Each gene, which comprises
one portion of DNA molecule, determines a particular feature of
the human body. Countless properties like height, eye colour, the
material and the shape of the nose, ear, and skull are formed by
the command of the related genes. We can compare every one of these
genes to the pages of a book. On thepages there are scripts made
up of the letters A – T – G – C.
There are approximately 200,000 genes in the
DNA of a human cell. Every gene is composed of a special sequence
of nucleotides, the number of which ranges between 1000 and 186,000
according to the type of the protein it correlates. These genes
hold the codes of nearly 200,000 proteins that function in the human
body and control the production of these proteins.
information stored in these 200,000 genes constitute only 3 %of
the total information in DNA. The remaining 97 % still maintains
its mystery today. The recent studies showed that this 97 % unknown
part includes vital information about the survival of the cell and
the mechanisms that control the highly complex activities within
the body. Yet there is still a great distance to go.
genes are located in the chromosomes. There are 46 chromosomes in
the nucleus of every human cell (except for the reproduction cells).
If we compare every one of the chromosomes to a book volume made
up of gene pages, we may say that in the cell lies a 46-volume "cell
encyclopedia" which covers all the characteristics of a human
being. Remembering the previous encyclopedia example, this cell
encyclopedia is equivalent to the knowledge contained in a 920-volume
The sequence of letters in the DNA of every human
is different. This is the basic reason why the billions of people
who have ever lived on earth look different from each other. The
basic structure and functions of organs are the same in every person.
However, every person is created in such a detailed and special
manner with such subtle differences that even though all people
are created from the division of a single cell and have the same
basic structure, billions of different people have come into existence.
Everyone in the world is unique - biochemically
and pysically - thanks to a wondrous molecule (DNA), which
includes a three-billion word set of biochemical instructions
for building a human from scratch.
All the organs in our body are constructed within
a plan outlined by our genes. To give a few examples, according
to a gene map completed by scientists, in the human body, skin is
controlled by 2,559, brain by 29,930, eye by 1,794, salivary glands
by 186, heart by 6,216, chest by 4,001, lung by 11,581, liver by
2,309, intestine by 3,838, skeletal muscle by 1,911 and blood cells
by 22,902 genes.
The sequential order of the letters in DNA determines
the structure of a human being down to his slightest details. In
addition to features like height, eye, hair and skin colours, the
DNA of a single cell also contains the design of 206 bones, 600
muscles, a network of 10.000 auditory muscles, a network of 2 million
optic nerves, 100 billion nerve cells, and 100 trillion cells in
Now let us think in the light of the above information:
Since even a letter cannot form without a writer writing it, how
did billions of letters in the human cell originate? How did these
letters queue up in a meaningful sequence so as to make up the unique
plan of such a perfect and complex body? If there were any break
downs in the order of these letters you could have your ear on your
abdomen or your eyes in your heels. You could have born with your
hands stuck on your back, and lived as a freak. The secret of your
living as a proper human currently lies in the 'flawless' sequence
of the billions of letters in the 46-volume encyclopedia in your
DNA Challenges Coincidence
Today mathematics has proved that coincidence
does not play a role in the formation of the coded information within
DNA, let alone the DNA molecule made up of millions of base pairs.
The probability of the coincidental formation of even a single gene
out of the 200,000 genes making up DNA is so low that even the notion
of impossible remains weak. Frank Salisbury, an evolutionist biologist,
makes the following statement about this 'impossibility':
A medium protein might include about 300 amino
acids. The DNA gene controlling this would have about 1,000 nucleotides
in its chain. Since there are four kinds of nucleotides in a DNA
chain, one consisting of 1,000 links could exist in 41000
forms. Using a little algebra (logarithms) we can see that 41000=10600.
Ten multiplied by itself 600 times gives the figure 1 followed by
600 zeros! This number is completely beyond our comprehension.2
That is to say that even if we assume that all
the necessary nucleotides are present in a medium, and that all
the complex molecules and enzymes to combine them were available,
the possibility of the these nucleotides being arranged in the desired
sequence is 1 in 41000, in other words, 1 in 10600.
Briefly, the probability of the coincidental formation of the code
of an average protein in the human body in DNA by itself is 1 in
1 followed by 600 zeros. This number, which is beyond even being
astronomical, means in practice 'zero' probability. This means that
such a sequence has to be effected under the control and knowledge
of a wise and conscious power. There is zero probability of it happening
by 'accident', 'chance', or 'coincidence'.
The probability of the coincidental formation
of the code of an average protein in the human body in the
DNA by itself is 1 in 10600. We can write this
number which is formed by putting 600 zeros next to 1 as
1, 000, 000, 000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
Think of the book you are reading right now.
How would you regard someone who claimed that letters (by using
a different printing stamp for every letter) have come together
by chance on their own to form this writing? It is evident that
it was written by an intelligent and conscious person. This is no
different from the status of DNA.
Francis Crick, the biochemist who discovered
the structure of DNA, won a Nobel prize with respect to the research
he had made on the subject. Crick, who was an ardent evolutionist,
stated the following scientific opinion in a book he has written
after testifying the miraculous structure of DNA:"An honest
man, armed with all the knowledge available to us now, could only
state that, in some sense, the origin of life appears at the moment
to be almost a miracle."3
Even in Crick's view, who was one of the biggest experts on DNA,
life could never originate on earth spontaneously.
The data in DNA, which is made up of 5 billion
letters, is composed of a special and meaningful sequence of letters
A-T-G-C. However, not even a single letter error should be made
in this sequence. A misspelled word or a letter error in an encyclopedia
may be overlooked and ignored. It would not even be noticed. However,
even a single mistake in any base pair of DNA, such as a miscoded
letter in the 1 billion 719 million 348 thousand 632nd
base pair, would cause terrible results for the cell, and therefore
for the person himself. For instance, haemophilia (child leukemia)
is the outcome of such an erroneous coding.
In truth, it would be incorrect to call this
"erroneous coding", because like every other thing that
exists, the human DNA, too, is created by God and even the seldom
occurring mistakes come about with respect to a hidden cause (divine
purpose). The coding mistake which causes cancer is a specially
created disorder. It is created specially for a certain hidden cause
to show man his own weakness and impotence, remind him of the delicate
balances man's creation depends on, and of what kind of troubles
he may face in case of the slightest disturbance in these balances.
Self-Replication of DNA
As known, cells multiply by dividing. While the
human body is initially composed of a single cell, this cell divides
and reproduces by folds with a ratio of2-4-8-16-32...
The DNA molecule shown here is in the
process of replication, separating down the middle. When strands
separate, each attracts base pairs in the same sequence carried
by its opposite half.
What happens to DNA at the end of this dividing
process? There is only one DNA chain in the cell. However, it is
evident that the newly formed cell will also require a DNA. In order
to fill this gap, DNA completes an interesting series of operations,
every phase of which is a different miracle. Finally, soon before
the cell divides, it makes a copy of itself and transfers this to
the new cell.
The observations regarding the cell division
show that the cell has to reach a specific size before dividing.
The moment it exceeds this particular size, the division process
automatically starts. While the shape of the cell begins to get
smoother so as to accommodate the division process, DNA starts to
replicate itself as mentioned earlier.
This means that the cell 'decides' to divide
as a whole and the different parts of the cell start to act in accordance
to this decision of dividing. It is evident that the cell is devoid
of the consciousness to accomplish such a collective action. The
division process starts with a secret order and the entire cell,
foremost DNA, acts by this order.
First, DNA divides into two to replicate itself.
This event takes place in a very interesting manner. The DNA molecule
which resembles a spiral ladder divides into two like a zip from
the middle of the rungs of the ladder. From now on, DNA divides
into two portions. The missing halves (replicates) of both of the
two portions are completed with the materials present in the milieu.
In this way, two new DNA molecules are produced. In every phase
of the operation, expert proteins called "enzymes" that
function like advanced robots take part. Though it seems simple
at first sight, the intermediary processes taking place throughout
this operation are so many and so complicated that to describe the
whole event in detail would take pages.
The new DNA molecules that emerge during replication
are checked repeatedly by inspector enzymes. If there is any mistake
done - which can be quite vital, it is immediately identified and
corrected. The erroneous code is removed and replaced by the correct
one. All these processes take place at such a dazzling speed that
while 3.000 base pairs are produced in a minute, on the other hand,
all these pairs are checked repeatedly by the enzymes in charge
and the necessary amendments are made.
In the newly produced DNA molecule, more mistakes
can be done than normal as a result of external factors. In this
case, the ribosomes in the cell start to produce DNA repair enzymes
upon the order given by DNA. Thus, as DNA protects itself, it also
guarantees the preservation of the generation.
The cells are born, they reproduce and die just
like human beings. Yet the life spans of cells are much shorter
than the life of the human they constitute. For instance, the majority
of the cells that used to make up your body six months ago do not
exist today. However, you are now able to survive because they have
divided on time to leave their places to the new ones. For this
reason, highly complex operations like multiplication of the cells
and replication of DNA are vital processes which cannot tolerate
even a minor mistake in regards to man's survival. However, the
multiplication process runs so smoothly that the rate of error is
only one in 3 billion base pairs. And this one error is eliminated
by the higher control mechanisms in the body without causing any
All through the day, while you are unaware, numerous operations
and controls are made, many measures are taken in your body in an
incredibly fastidious and responsible manner for you to lead your
life without any problem. Every single thing carries out its duty
successfully and completely. God has given to your service countless
atoms and molecules, from the biggest to the smallest, from the
simplest to the most complex, so that you may live a good and healthy
life. Is even this blessing and favour alone not sufficient for
you to give thanks? Or should one always wait for problems to occur
in this perfect system before coming to one's senses?
The most interesting point is that these enzymes
which help the production of DNA and control its composition are
actually proteins produced according to the information coded in
DNA and under the command and control of DNA. There is such an intertwined,
perfect system at work that it is by no means possible for such
a system to have attained this state by gradual coincidences. Just
as DNA has to exist for the enzyme to exist, so the enzyme has to
exist for DNA to exist, and for both to exist, on the other hand,
the cell has to exist completely, down to its membrane and all other
complex organelles it contains.
The theory of evolution asserting that living
beings evolved 'step by step' as a result of 'beneficial coincidences'
is explicitly refuted by the above mentioned DNA-enzyme paradox.
This is because both DNA and the enzyme have to exist at the same
time. And this shows the existence of a conscious Creator, that
Evolutionists Cannot Explain How the Information in DNA
Originated and How It Differs in Every Species
While evolutionists can in no way bring any explanation
to the subject of how DNA originated, there is yet another point
where they reach an impasse. How come fish, reptiles, birds, human
beings etc. have come to possess different DNAs and different types
Evolutionists answer that question by saying
that the body of information in DNA developed and diversified over
time by means of coincidences. The coincidences they refer to are
"mutations". Mutations are changes which take place in
DNA as a result of radiation or chemical action. Sometimes radioactive
radiation happens to fall on a DNA chain and destroys or displaces
several base pairs therein. According to evolutionists, living things
have reached their present perfect state as a result of the diversification
of a single DNA due to these mutations (i.e., accidents).
Mutations are defined as breaks or replacements taking place
in the DNAmolecule. These breaks or replacements are the result
of external effects such as radiation or chemical action.
Every mutation is an "accident" and either damages the nucleotides
making up the DNA or changes their locations.
To show that this claim is unreasonable, let
us compare DNA to a book again. We have already mentioned that DNA
is made up of letters lined up sideways just like in a book. Mutations
are like the letter errors that occur during the type-setting of
this book. If you like, we can do an experiment on this subject.
Let us ask for a thick book about the history of the world to be
type-set. During the type-setting, let us intervene several times
and tell the type-setter to press one of keys blindfolded and at
random. Then let us give this text containing letter errors to someone
else and have him do the same thing over again. Using this method,
let us have the book type-set from the beginning to the end several
times, thus having a few more letter errors added to it at random
Could this history book ever develop by this
method? For instance, would an additional chapter named "The
History of Ancient China", which previously was not present,
To be sure, the letter errors we have added to
the book would not develop it, but rather ruin it and distort its
meaning. The more we increase the number of faulty copying processes,
the more spoiled our book will be.
Yet the claim of the theory of evolution is that
"letter errors help develop a book". According to evolution,
mutations (errors) occurring in DNA have led to beneficial results
by accumulating and thus furnishing living beings with perfect organs
such as eyes, ears, wings, hands and consciousness-related qualities
such as thinking, learning, and reasoning.
Unquestionably, this claim is even more unreasonable
than the above example of the addition of the chapter called "The
History of Ancient China" to a book on world history as a result
of the accumulation of letter errors. (Moreover there is no mechanism
in nature that causes regular mutations as in the example of the
type-setter making regular mistakes. The mutations in nature take
place much more rarely than the letter errors that would occur during
the type-setting of a book.)
Left: A normal fruit fly (drosophila)
Right: A fruit fly with its legs jutting from its head; a
mutation induced by radiation.
Every "explanation" put forward by
the theory of evolution on the origin of life is unreasonable and
unscientific. One outspoken authority on this issue is the famous
French zoologist Pierre Grassé, the former president of the French
Academy of Sciences. Grassé is also an evolutionist, but he states
clearly that Darwinist theory is unable to explain life and makes
his point about the logic of "coincidence", which is the
backbone of Darwinism:
The opportune appearance of mutations permitting
animals and plants to meet their needs seems hard to believe. Yet
the Darwinian theory is even more demanding: A single plant, a single
animal would require thousands and thousands of lucky, appropriate
events. Thus, miracles would become the rule: events with an infinitesimal
probability could not fail to occur… There is no law against daydreaming,
but science must not indulge in it.4
Indeed, the theory of evolution, which claims
that inorganic matter came together by itself and formed living
beings with such glorious systems as DNA, is a scenario totally
contrary to science and reason. All this leads us to an evident
conclusion. Since life has a plan (DNA) and all living beings are
fashioned according to this plan, it is evident that there is a
superior Creator Who devised this plan. This simply means that all
living beings are created by God, the All-Powerful, All-Wise. God
states this fact in the Qur'an in this way:
He is God – the Creator, the Maker, the Giver
of Form. To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Everything in the
heavens and earth glorifies Him. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.
(Surat al-Hashr: 24)
Today, what people have achieved by means of
technology can at best be described as 'an approach to the understanding
of a tiny fragment of God's knowledge, as manifested in human DNA.'
On the other hand, the theory of evolution which
tries to explain the origin of life as a series of coincidences,
loses all validity in face of the question: "How then, did
Michael Denton, Evolution:A Theory in Crisis, London: Burnett Books,
1985, p. 334.
2 Frank B. Salisbury, "Doubts about the Modern Synthetic
Theory of Evolution", American Biology Teacher, September 1971, p.
3 Francis Crick, Life Itself: It's Origin and Nature,
New York, Simon & Schuster, 1981, p. 88.
4 Pierre-P Grassé, Evolution of Living Organisms,
New York: Academic Press, 1977, p. 103. 3