The Question That Demolishes the Theory of Evolution:
The Theory of Information and the end of Materialism
The materialist philosophy lies at the basis of the
theory of evolution. Materialism rests on the supposition that everything
that exists is matter. According to this philosophy, matter has
existed since eternity, will continue to exist forever, and there
is nothing but matter. In order to provide support for their claim,
materialists use a logic called "reductionism". Reductionism
is the idea that things which are not observable like matter can
also be explained by material causes.
To explain this, let us give the example of human
mind. As evident, human mind is not something "touched by the
hand, and seen with the eye". Moreover, there is no "center
of mind" in the human brain. This situation, unavoidably leads
us to the conclusion that mind is a concept beyond matter. Therefore,
the being we call "I", who thinks, loves, gets nervous,
worries,takes pleasure or feels pain is not a material being such
as a sofa, a table or a stone.
Materialists, however, claim that mind is "reductional
to matter". According to the materialist claim, our thinking,
loving, worrying and all our mental activities are nothing but some
chemical reactions taking place between the atoms in our brain.
Our loving someone is a chemical reaction in some cells in our brain,
and our feeling fear because of a certain event is another chemical
reaction. Famous materialist philosopher Karl Vogt stressed this
logic with his famous words "Just as liver secretes gall, so
do our brains secrete thought". Gall, however, is matter, whereas
there is no evidence that thought is matter.
Reductionism is a logical deduction. However,
a logical deduction can be based on sound grounds as well as shaky
grounds. For this reason, the question that stands forth for us
for the time being is this: What would be the result if reductionism,
the basic logic of materialism, is compared to scientific data?
The 19th century materialist scientists and thinkers thought that
this question could be easily answered away as "science verifies
reductionism". 20th century science, however, revealed a very different fact.
This fact is "information", which is
present in nature and can never be reduced to matter.
Difference between Matter and Information
A watchmaker determines how to use these materials to produce
a watch. He pours the information in his mind to form this
watch from materials which do not mean anything by themselves.
Wouldn't it be illogical to claim that these pieces came together
and formed this watch? The claim of evolutionists on the origin
of life is far more illogical than this.
We have earlier mentioned that there is an incredibly
comprehensive information in the DNAs of living beings. In a place
as small as one hundred thousandth of a millimeter, there is some
sort of a "data bank" that specifies all the physical
details of the body of a living being. Moreover, there exists a
system in the body of a living being that reads this information,
interprets it and makes "production" according to it.
In all living cells, the information in DNA is "read"
by various enzymes and protein is produced according to this information.
The production of millions of proteins every second in the required
type for the required place in our body becomes possible with this
system. Owing to this system, our dying eye cells are replaced again
by eye cells, and our blood cells again by blood cells.
At this point, let us think of the claim of materialism:
Could it be possible that the information in DNA be reduced to matter
as materialists say? Or, in other words, can it be accepted that
DNA is merely a heap of matter and the information it contains came
about as the random interactions of matter?
All the scientific research, experiments and
observations carried out in the 20th
century show that this question must definitely be answered as "no".
The director of the German Federal Physics and Technology Institute,
Prof. Dr. Werner Gitt has the following to say on the issue:
A coding system always entails a nonmaterial
intellectual process. A physical matter cannot produce an information
code. All experiences show that every piece of creative information
represents some mental effort and can be traced to a personal idea-giver
who exercised his own free will, and who is endowed with an intelligent
mind.... There is no known law of nature, no known process and no
known sequence of events which can cause information to originate
by itself in matter...13
The words of Werner Gitt are the conclusions
of "The Information Theory", which developed in the last
20-30 years and which is accepted as a part of thermodynamics. The
Information Theory investigates the origin and nature of the information
in the universe. The conclusion reached by the information theoreticians
as a result of their long research is that "Information is
something different from matter. It can never be reduced to matter.
The origin of information and physical matter must be investigated
For instance, let us think of the source of a
book. A book is made up of paper, ink, and the information it contains.
Paper and ink are material elements. Their source is again matter:
Paper is made of cellulose, and ink is made of certain chemicals.
However, the information in the book is nonmaterial and it cannot
have a material source. The source of the information in each book,
is the mind of the writer who wrote that book.
Is it possible to believe that "coincidences" and "natural
conditions" can produce a house like this with all its materials,
carpenty, and installations intact? Anyone with a sound mind
would know that a house like this is a product of a conscious
design, and not chance happenings. There is always a designer
and an information where there is design. Unquestionably,
the design in life is incomparably superior to the design
of a house.
Moreover, this mind determines how paper and
ink will be used. A book initially forms in the mind of the writer
who writes that book. The writer builds a chain of logic in his
mind, and lines up the sentences. As a second step, he puts them
into a material form, which is to mean that he pours the information
in his mind into letters by using a type-writer or a computer. Later,
these letters are printed in a printing-house and take the shape
of a book made up of paper and ink.
Thereupon we can end up with the following general
conclusion: "If a physical matter contains information, then
that matter ought to have been designed by a mind that possesses
the information in question. First there is the mind. That mind
pours the information in it into matter and then there is the design."
The Origin of the Information in Nature
When we adapt this conclusion reached by science
to nature, we meet a very important result. This is because nature,
as in the example of DNA, overflows with an immense body of information
and since this information cannot be reduced to matter, it therefore
comes from a source beyond matter.
One of the foremost advocates of the theory of
evolution, George C. Williams admits this reality, which most materialists
and evolutionists are reluctant to see. Williams has strictly defended
materialism for years, but in an article he wrote in 1995, he states
the incorrectness of the materialist (reductionist) approach which
holds everything to be matter:
Evolutionary biologists have failed to realize
that they work with two more or less incommensurable domains: that
of information and that of matter. These two domains can never be
brought together in any kind of the sense usually implied by the
term "reductionism.". The gene is a package of information,
not an object... In biology, when you're talking about things like
genes and genotypes and gene pools, you're talking about information,
not physical objective reality... This dearth of shared descriptors
makes matter and information two separate domains of existence,
which have to be discussed separately, in their own terms.14
Therefore, contrary to the supposition of materialists,
the source of the information in nature cannot be matter itself.
The source of information is not matter but a superior Wisdom beyond
matter.This Wisdom exists prior to matter. Matter has come to exist
with Him, molded into a shape and became organized with Him. The
owner of this Wisdom is God, the Lord of all the worlds.
13 Werner Gitt, In the Beginning
Was Information, CLV, Bielefeld, Germany, p. 107, 141.
14 George C. Williams. The Third Culture: Beyond
the Scientific Revolution, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1995, pp. 42-43