The Signs in the Heavens and on the Earth
Assume that you set up a big city by bringing millions
of sets of Lego together. Let there be in this city skyscrapers,
twisting roads, railway stations, airports, shopping malls, subways
and also rivers, lakes, forests and a beach. Let there also be living
in it thousands of people wandering in its streets, sitting in their
homes and working in their offices. Take every detail into account.
Even the traffic lights, box offices, and the signboards at the
If someone came up to you and said that all the pieces
of Lego of this city, which you had founded by planning it right
down to the smallest detail, and each piece of which you had picked
up and placed with great care and precision, had been brought together
by sheer accident to produce this city, what would you think of
the mental state of that person?
Now, go back to the city you have built and consider
that the whole city would be levelled to the ground if you had forgotten
to put into place even a single Lego, or changed its place. Can
you imagine what great balance and order you have had to establish?
Life in the world where we live is also made possible
by the accumulation of such a great number of details incomprehensible
to the human mind. The absence of even one of these details might
mean the end of life on the earth.
Everything, every detail from the atom, the smallest
unit of matter, to the galaxies harbouring billions of stars, from
the moon, an inseparable adjunct of the world, to the solar system
- all work in perfect harmony. This well-organised system runs flawlessly,
just like a watch. People are so confident that this billions-of-years-old
system will go on functioning without leaving out even the smallest
detail that they can freely make plans about something they think
will be realised in the next 10 years. No one is worried about whether
the sun will rise the next day. A great majority of people do not
think about "whether the world may ever chance to break free from
the gravitation of the sun and start to move towards the unknown
in the pitch-dark space"; or ask "What keeps this from happening?"
In the same manner, when people are about to sleep, they
are very confident that their hearts or respiratory systems will
not relax as their brains do. However, even a few seconds' halt
in any one of these two vital systems may well cause results that
will cost one's life.
When the "glasses of familiarity" which surround the
whole of life and cause every event to be assessed as if 'it is
taking place in its natural course' are taken off, one is free to
see that everything is made up of such closely interdependent, meticulously
planned systems that it is as if we were hanging on to life by the
skin of our teeth. You notice an excellent order prevailing in every
spot you turn your eyes on. Certainly, there is a great power that
creates such an order and harmony. The possessor of this great power
is God, Who created everything out of nothing. In a verse of the
Qur'an, it is said:
He Who has created seven heavens in full harmony
with one another: no incongruity will you see in the creation of
the Most Gracious. And turn your vision (upon it) once more: can
you see any flaw? Yea, turn your vision (upon it) again and yet
again: (and every time) your vision will fall back upon you, dazzled
and truly defeated. (The Qur'an, 67:3-4)
When we look at the phenomena in the heavens, on the
earth and in all that lies between them, we see that they all prove
the existence of their Creator in their own right. In this chapter,
we are going to dwell on the natural phenomena and living beings
that every one sees, yet never thinks about, and how they have come
into being and continue their existence. If we were to write down
all the signs of God in the universe, they would fill many thousands
of volumes of encyclopaedias. Therefore, in this chapter, we will
only deal briefly with some subjects that deserve to be pondered
upon at length.
However, even these brief mentions will help the conscientious
"men of understanding" to notice the most important fact of their
lives or at least will help them remember it once again.
For God Exists.
To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the
earth and He is known through reason.
THE MIRACLES IN OUR BODY
'A Half-Developed Eye Cannot See'
The eye, which has an extremely complex
structure, is not able to see in the absence of even a single
on of its components, for instance the tear glands, when the
act of seeing takes places.
What comes to your mind first when you hear the word
"eye"? Are you aware that one of the most crucial things in life
for you is your ability to see? Even if you are, have you ever thought
what other signs your eye bears?
The eye is one of the most manifest pieces of evidence
that living creatures are created. All sight organs, including animal
eyes and the human eye, are extremely striking examples of perfect
design. This exceptional organ is so overwhelmingly complex that
it surpasses even the most sophisticated man-made devices in the
In order for an eye to see, all of its parts have to
co-exist and work in harmony. For instance, if an eye happened to
have lost its eyelid, but still had all the other parts such as
the cornea, conjunctiva, iris, pupil, eye lenses, retina, choroid,
eye muscles, and tear glands, it would still be greatly damaged
and soon lose its seeing function. In the same manner, even if all
its organelles were present, if the tear production were stopped,
the eye would soon dry out and become blind.
"The chain of coincidences" posited by evolutionists
loses all its meaning against the complex structure of the eye.
It is not possible to explain the existence of the eye other than
as a matter of special creation. The eye has a multi-sectioned complex
system and, as discussed above, all of these individual sections
had to come into existence at the same time. It is impossible for
a half-developed eye to function at "half capacity". In such a circumstance,
the act of seeing can by no means take place. An evolutionist scientist
admits to this truth:
The common trait of the eyes and the
wings is that they can only function if they are fully developed.
In other words, a halfway-developed eye cannot see; a bird with
half-formed wings cannot fly.13
In this case, we again face that very important question:
who created all of the components of the eye all at once?
The owner of the eyes is obviously not the one who makes
the decision about their formation. For it is impossible for a being
devoid of the knowledge of what seeing is like, to desire to have
a seeing organ and have it attached to his body. So we have to accept
the existence of a Possessor of superior Wisdom Who has created
living beings with senses such as seeing, hearing, and so on. Another
claim is that unconscious cells gained consciousness-requiring functions
such as seeing and hearing by their own desire and effort. It is
crystal clear that this is impossible. In the Qur'an, it is stated
that seeing has been bestowed upon living beings by God:
Say: He it is Who brought you into being and made
for you the ears and the eyes and the hearts: little is it that
you give thanks. (The Qur'an, 67:23)
How Do Cells Recognise One Another?
If the cells belonging to different organs
of an embryo are mixed in an appropriate environment, the ceels
of the same organ find one another and form different groups.
In our high school or university years, we all learn
about the formation of the human body. So we know that the embryo,
which is initially only a piece of flesh, which turns into a body
over time. In this process, the cells start to differentiate, some
forming arms, others internal organs and yet others eyes. Each cell
knows where to go, which organ it will form, how much it will reproduce,
and when it will stop. However, the quotation below informs us about
a different, awesome aspect of the embryo's development:
If we separate the cells of an embryo
belonging to various organs - provided that we decrease the amount
of calcium in the environment -, and further mix these different
kinds of cells thoroughly in an appropriate environment, then when
they come in contact with each other again, these cells KNOW one
another and the cells of the same organ form individual groups.14
That is to say, if we first separate cells from one another
and then unite them again, cells that would form the same organ
will recognise one another and re-unite.
How do these cells, bereft of a brain, nervous system,
eyes and ears, recognise one another? How can these beings without
consciousness and wisdom, which are only collections of molecules,
select those cells which share the same qualities from all the various
other cells? How do they know that they will later come together
and form the same organ? What is the source of this great consciousness
displayed by unconscious molecules? The source of this consciousness
is God, the Lord of all the Worlds, Who created the whole universe
We will show them Our Signs on the horizon and
within themselves until it is clear to them that it is the truth.
Is it not enough for your Lord that He is a witness of everything?
(The Qur'an, 41:53)
The Army Inside Man
Every day, a war is fought in the innermost parts of
your body unperceived by you. On the one side are viruses and bacteria
that aim to intrude into your body and take it under control and
on the other are the immunity cells that protect the body against
The enemies wait in an offensive state to make their
way into the area they aim at and they head towards the target area
at the first opportunity. However, the strong, organised and disciplined
soldiers of the target area do not easily give in to the enemies.
First, the soldiers who swallow and neutralise the enemy soldiers
(phagocytes) arrive at the battleground. However, sometimes the
fight is tougher than these soldiers can handle. On such occasions,
other soldiers (macrophages) are summoned up. Their involvement
causes alarm in the target area and other soldiers (helper T cells)
are also called to battle.
These soldiers are very familiar with the local populace. They quickly
distinguish their own army from that of the enemy. They immediately
activate the soldiers assigned to weapon production (B cells). These
soldiers have extraordinary abilities. Although they never see the
enemy, they can produce weapons which will render the enemy ineffectual.
In addition, they carry the weapons they produce as far as they
should be taken. During this journey, they succeed in the difficult
task of not causing any harm either to themselves or to their allies.
Later, the striker teams cut in (killer T cells). These discharge
the poisonous material they carry on themselves at the most vital
spot of the enemy. In case of victory, another group of soldiers
arrives at the battleground (suppressor T cells) and sends all the
warriors back to their camp. The soldiers who arrive at the battleground
last (memory cells) record all relevant information about the enemy,
so that it can be used in the event of a similar invasion in the
The excellent army discussed above is the immune system
in the human body. Everything explained above is done by microscopic
cells unobservable to the naked eye. (For more information please
see The Miracle of the Immune System by Harun Yahya)
How many people are aware that they have such an organised,
disciplined and perfect army inside their bodies? How many of them
are aware that they are surrounded on all sides by microbes that,
if unimpeded, would cause them to catch serious illnesses or even
die? Indeed, there are many dangerous microbes in the air we breathe,
the water we drink, the food we eat, and the surfaces we touch.
While one is unaware of all that is going on, the cells in one's
body make strenuous efforts to save one from an illness that may
even bring about one's death.
The ability of all immunity cells to distinguish enemy
cells from body cells, the ability of B cells to prepare a weapon
to neutralise the enemy that they have never seen, their ability
to carry these weapons as far as they have to be taken without adversely
affecting any body cells, the signal-receiving cells' fulfilling
their duty completely without making any objections, each of them
knowing what to do, their returning to their places without any
problem as soon as they are finished with their work, and the abilities
of the memory cells are only some of the distinctive characteristics
of this system.
For all these reasons, the story of the formation of
the immunity system is never taken up by any evolutionist writer.
It is extremely difficult for a person without an immunity
system or with an ill-functioning one to survive, since he would
be exposed to all the microbes and viruses in the outside world.
Today, such people can exist only in special enclosures with no
direct contact with anyone or anything outside. Therefore, it is
impossible for a person without an immunity system to survive in
a primitive environment. This leads us to the conclusion that an
extremely complex system such as the immune system could only have
been created all at once and with all of its elements intact.
ANIMALS AND PLANTS
Millions of plant and animal types present in the world
stand out as evidence that proves the existence and might of our
All of these living beings, a limited number of which
will be described as examples here, deserve to be examined individually.
They all have different body systems, diverse defence tactics, unique
ways of feeding, and interesting reproduction methods. Unfortunately,
it is not possible to describe all living beings with all their
features in a single book. Encyclopaedias of many volumes would
not be enough for this task.
However, even the few examples we will discuss here will
be sufficient to prove that life on earth can in no way be explained
by coincidences or accidental happenings.
From Caterpillar to Butterfly
If you had 450-500 eggs and if you had to preserve them
outdoors, what would you do? The wisest course for you would be
to take precautions to prevent them from being scattered around,
say, by the wind, or other environmental factors. Being one of the
animals that lay the most eggs at one time (450-500), the silkworms
use a very intelligent way to protect their eggs: they unite the
eggs with a viscous thread-like substance, which they secrete to
prevent them from being scattered around.
The caterpillars that pop out of their
eggs first find a safe branch for themselves and then get tied to
this branch with the same thread. Later, to promote their own development,
they start to spin a cocoon for themselves with the thread they
secrete. It takes 3-4 days for a caterpillar that has opened its
eyes to life very recently to complete this process. During this
period, the caterpillar makes thousands of turns and produces a
thread an average of 900-1,500 metres long.16
At the end of this process, it starts a new task through which it
undergoes a metamorphosis to become an elegant butterfly.
The elegant and clear-cut patterns
an the butterflies indicate that these living beings are not
the products of unconscious coincidences but the outcomes
of an excellent and matchless creation.
Neither the action taken by the mother silkworm to protect
its eggs, nor the behaviour of a tiny caterpillar devoid of any
awareness, education or knowledge can be explained by evolution.
First of all, the ability of the mother to produce the thread it
uses to secure its eggs is miraculous. The newly-born caterpillar's
knowing the most suitable environment for itself, its spinning a
cocoon in accordance with it, its undergoing a metamorphosis, and
its coming through this metamorphosis without any problem are beyond
human comprehension. Hence, we can simply say that each caterpillar
is born into the world with a foreknowledge of what to do, which
means that it was "taught" all of these things before it was born.
Let us explain this with an example. What would you think
if you saw a new-born baby standing up a few hours after his birth,
getting together the things he needs to make his bed (like quilt,
pillow, mattress), and later putting all these together neatly,
making his bed and lying down on it? After you recover from the
shock of the event, you would probably think that the baby must
have been taught in an extraordinary way in his mother's womb to
perform such a process. The case of the caterpillars is no different
from the baby in this example.
This again leads us to the same conclusions: these living
creatures come into life, behave and live in the way determined
by God Who has created them. The Qur'anic verse stating that God
has inspired the honeybee and commanded it to make honey (The Qur'an,
16:68-69) provides an example of the great secret of the world of
living beings. This secret is that all living beings have bowed
to God's will and follow the fate determined by Him. This is why
the honeybee makes honey and the silkworm produces silk.
The Symmetry in Wings
we look at the butterfly wings in the pictures, we see a perfect
symmetry prevailing over them. These lace-like wings are so adorned
with patterns, spots and colours that each of them is like a work
When you look at the wings of these butterflies, you
notice that the patterns and colours on left and right are perfect
reflections of each other, no matter how intricate they may seem.
Even the smallest dot is present on both wings, thereby introducing
a flawless order and symmetry.
In addition, none of the colours on these thin wings
mixes with the other, each being sharply set apart from the other.
Actually, these colours are formed by the amassing of tiny scales
clustered one on top of another. Isn't it a wonder how these small
scales that are easily dispersed with your hand's slightest touch
can be arranged on both wings without any mistake in their disposal
so as to produce exactly the same pattern. Even the replacement
of a single scale would destroy the symmetry in the wings and impair
their aesthetics. However, you never see any muddle in the wings
of any butterfly on the earth. They are as neat and elegant as if
made by an artist. And they are indeed made by an Exalted Creator.
The Animal with the Longest Neck:
have many amazing characteristics. One of these is that their neck
stands on 7 vertebrae, just like that of all other mammals, even
though it is so long. Another amazing fact about giraffes is that
they do not have any problem pumping blood up to their brain on
top of their long neck. A little thinking would make one notice
how difficult it must be to have the blood pumped so high. But giraffes
do not have any problem about this, because their hearts are equipped
with features to pump blood as high as necessary. This enables them
to carry on with their lives effortlessly.
Yet they still face another problem while they drink
water. Essentially, giraffes should have died of high blood pressure
every time they bent down to drink water. However, the perfect system
in their necks completely eliminates this risk. When they bend down,
the valves in their neck vessels are shut down and they prevent
excess blood from flowing to the brain.
There is no doubt that the giraffes did not acquire these
traits by planning themselves in accordance with their needs. It
is even more implausible to say that all these vital features were
shaped over time through a gradual and accidental evolutionary process.
In order for a giraffe to stay alive, it is vital for it to have
a pumping system to transmit blood to the brain and a valve system
to prevent high blood pressure the minute it bends down. If any
one of these characteristics did not exist or did not function properly,
then it would be impossible for the giraffe to go on living.
The conclusion to be derived from all this is that the
giraffe species was born into the world with all the characteristics
vital for its living already there. It is impossible for a non-existent
being to master its body and acquire essential traits consciously.
So, the very existence of giraffes unquestionably proves that they
are created by a conscious creation, that is by God.
turtles living in the oceans surge in crowds towards the beach when
it is time for them to reproduce. This is no ordinary beach though.
The beach they arrive at to reproduce has to be the one where they
were born.17 Sometimes sea turtles have to travel
as far as 800 kilometres to return there. But a long and tough journey
does not change the situation. They arrive at the beach where they
were born to give birth to their offspring, no matter what.
It is quite unaccountable how a living
being can find its way back to the very same beach 20-25 years after
its departure from there.18 It is all the more
extraordinary that it can find the direction of its birthplace in
the depths of the ocean where so little light penetrates, and then
spot it from among numerous similar beaches.
Finally, thousands of travellers with no compass, meet
on the same beach at the same time. Initially a mystery, the reasons
underlying this insistent meeting came as a great surprise when
finally revealed. Since turtles know that their offspring cannot
survive in sea conditions, they bury their eggs under the sand on
the beach. But why do all of them meet on the same beach, at the
same time? Would not the hatchlings survive if they did the same
thing at different times and on different beaches? Those who did
research on this topic were faced with a very interesting situation.
Thousands of offspring under the sand have to overcome a number
of formidable obstacles after breaking their eggs with the hard
lump on their head. The hatchlings of an average of 31 grams cannot
dig the earth layer above them on their own and they all help each
other. When thousands of hatchlings on the beach start to dig the
earth, they make it to the sand surface in a few days. Yet before
they appear on the surface, they wait for a while for nightfall.
For in the day time, there is the danger of falling prey to predators.
In addition, it would be quite difficult for them to proceed by
crawling on sands scorched by the sunlight. When night falls, they
go up to the surface after completing the digging process. Although
it is dark, they rush to the sea and depart from the beach to return
there as much as 20-25 years later.
It is impossible for these hatchlings to know that they
have to dig their way up after they pop out of their eggs and wait
for a while at a certain distance from the sea. It is by no means
possible for them to know, when they are still buried in the earth,
whether it is day or night, that predators exist outside and that
they could fall a prey to them, that the sand is scorching because
of the sun, that this could harm them, and that they must rush to
the sea. So, how does this conscious conduct come about?
The only answer to this question is that these hatchlings
have been somehow "programmed" to behave in this way, which means
that their Creator has inspired in them the instinct that helps
them protect their lives.
The bombardier beetle is an insect on which an enormous
amount of research has been done. The trait that renders this insect
so popular is that it uses chemical methods to protect itself from
In moments of danger, the insect squirts
hydrogen peroxide and hydroquinone stored in its body towards the
enemy to protect itself. Prior to battle, specialised structures
called secretory lobes make a very concentrated mixture of these
two chemicals. The mixture is stored in a separate compartment called
the storage chamber. This compartment is connected to a second one
called the explosion chamber. The two compartments are kept separate
from one another by a sphincter muscle. The moment the insect senses
danger, it squeezes the muscles surrounding the storage chamber
while simultaneously relaxing the sphincter muscle, and the chemical
in the storage chamber is transferred to the explosion chamber.
A large quantity of heat is released and a vaporisation occurs.
The released vapour and the oxygen gas exert pressure on the walls
of the explosion chamber and this chemical is squirted at the enemy
through a channel leading outward from the beetle's body.19
It is still a great mystery to researchers how an insect
can harbour inside itself a powerful system potent enough to trigger
a chemical reaction that could easily cause it harm while also isolating
itself from the effects of that system. It is clear that the existence
and working of this system is too complicated to be attributed to
the insect itself. It is still a matter of discussion how the bombardier
beetle makes such a system work within its tiny body measuring about
2 cm in length, when human experts can perform it only in laboratories.
The only apparent truth here is that this insect is a
concrete example completely refuting the theory of evolution, because
it is impossible for this complex chemical system to have been shaped
by a series of coincidental variations and passed on to future generations.
Even a minor deficiency or 'defect' in a single piece of the system
would leave the animal defenceless, so that it would soon be killed
or it would cause it to blow itself up. Therefore, the only explanation
is that the chemical weapon in the insect's body had come into being
with all its parts all at once and without any defect.
No one can help feeling surprised at the sight of a termite
nest erected on the ground by termites. These nests are architectural
wonders, rising as high as 5 or 6 metres.
When you compare the size of a termite and its nest,
you will see that the termite has successfully completed an architectural
project about 300 times bigger than itself. But what is even more
astonishing is that the termites are blind.
person who has never seen the huge nests built by blind termites
would probably think that they are made up of sand piles heaped
upon each other. However, a termite nest proves to be of a design
so marvellous it is difficult to believe: inside there are intersecting
tunnels, corridors, ventilation systems, special fungus production
yards and safety exits.
If you assemble thousands of blind people and give them
all kinds of technical tools, you can never make them set up a nest
similar to the one made by the termite colony. So, just think:
- How could a termite measuring 1-2 cm. in length have
learnt the architectural and engineering information needed to make
such a subtle design?
- How could thousands of blind termites manage to work
in harmony to build this construction which is an artistic wonder?
-If you divide a termite nest into two during the first
stages of its construction, and then reunite it, you will see that
all passage-ways, canals and roads fit each other. How can this
miraculous event be explained?
The conclusion to be derived from this example is that
God has created all living species uniquely and without the need
of any prior example. Even one termite nest is enough for a person
to comprehend God and believe that He is the One Who created all.
As we all know, woodpeckers build their
nests by boring holes in tree trunks with their beaks. This may
sound familiar to most people. But the point many people fail to
examine is why woodpeckers suffer no brain haemorrhage when they
beat a tattoo so vigorously with their heads. What the woodpecker
does is in a way similar to a human being driving a nail into the
wall with his head. If a man ventured to do something like that,
he would probably undergo a brain shock followed by a brain haemorrhage.
However, a woodpecker can peck a hard tree trunk 38-43 times in
just two or three seconds and nothing happens to it.20
happens because the head structure of woodpeckers is ideally created
for such a task. The skull of the woodpecker has a remarkable suspension
system that absorbs the force of the blows. Its forehead and some
skull muscles adjoined to its beak and the jaw joint are so robust
that they help lessen the effect of the forceful strokes during
Design and planning do not end here. Preferring primarily
pine trees, a certain species of woodpecker checks the age of the
trees before boring a hole in them and picks those older than 100
years, because pine trees older than 100 years suffer an illness
that causes the hard and thick bark to soften. This was only recently
discovered by science and perhaps you may be reading of it here
for the first time in your life; woodpeckers have known it for centuries.
This is not the only reason why the woodpeckers prefer
pine trees. Woodpeckers dig cavities around their nests, the function
of which was not originally understood. These cavities were later
understood to protect them from a great danger. Over time, the sticky
resin that leaks from the pine trees fills up the cavities and the
outpost of the woodpecker's nest is thus filled with a pool whereby
woodpeckers can be protected from snakes, their greatest enemies.
Another interesting feature of woodpeckers
is that their tongues are thin enough to penetrate even ants' nests
in the trees. Their tongues are also sticky, which allows them to
collect the ants that live there. The perfection in their creation
is further revealed by the fact that their tongues have a structure
which prevents them from being harmed by the acid in the bodies
of the ants.22
These woodpeckers, each of whose characteristics is discussed
in a different paragraph above, prove with all their detailed features
that they are 'created'. If woodpeckers had evolved coincidentally
as the theory of evolution claims, they would have died before they
acquired such extraordinarily consistent traits and they would be
extinct. However, as they were created by God with a special "design"
adapted to their life, they started their lives by bearing all the
The snake that camouflages itself in
the sand hides from its enemies. Is it possible taht this
snake made its skin's colour and pattern fully hormonise with
One of the defence strategies of animals is camouflage.
Some animals have the special protection of a body structure and
coloration which are totally adapted to their habitat. The bodies
of these living beings are in appearance so harmonious with their
environment that when you look at their pictures, you cannot tell
if they are plants or animals, or distinguish them from their surroundings.
As will be seen in the following pages, the incredible
similarity of an insect to a leaf helps it escape the notice of
its enemies. It is obvious that this tiny animal has not made its
body look like a leaf. Maybe it is not even aware that it is being
protected because it looks like a leaf. However, the camouflage
is so deft that it readily impresses the observer as a defence tactic
planned specially and "created".
In the picture on the left is a snake
hiding among the bushes.
When you look carefully, you will see that what you take to
be a tree branch is in fact an insect.
There is an ant-eater hiding among the leaves! Can you see it?
The eggs of a bird called the Western
sandpiper are the same colour as their surroundings in order
to be protected from enemies.
Some insects disguise themselves as dead
leaves. It is quite difficult to distinguish the Panama moth
from withered leaves.
This insect species
is protected from all its enemies with its leaf-like
The praying on the orchid has succeeded in deceiving the grasshopper
thanks to its wings that look like the petals of the flower.
The snake is camouflaging itself by being in the air like all
other leaves. (left)
Armouredchameleons do not chage colour according to their environment,
because their colour is already created in harmony with thai
FALSE EYES BEWILDER
When some butterflies open
their wings, we encounter a pair of eyes, with all their symmetry
and detail. These eyes alone are more than sufficient to convince
their enemies that what they face is not a butterfly. Particularly,
the false faces of some butterfly species such as the Shonling
butterfly, seen below, are so perfect with their shiny eyes,
facial features, frowning eyebrows, mouth and nose that the
overall picture is quite discouraging to most of its enemies.
A tenacious person on
denying God may try to bolster his extraordinary view with
the evolutionist explanation of 'an intresting coincidence'.
Or he can claim that "the butterfly brought about this
pattern on its body by thinking that it would be useful to
If someone makes such a claim and asserts that these patterns
surpass in beauty even the paintings of artists have come
about by coincidence, then there is nothing left to say on
the part of "the men of understanding". For such
a claim is completely incompatible with reason and common
There are some incredible and unimaginably interesting
defence methods in the animal world. One of these is false eyes.
With such false eyes, various butterflies, caterpillars and fish
species convince their enemies that they are "dangerous".
The butterflies in the pictures on the left open their
wings as soon as they sense danger and display a pair of eyes on
each of their wings which appear quite threatening to their enemies.
Let us take our time and think: can these extremely convincing
eyes be the result of a coincidence? How does the butterfly know
that a pair of scary eyes appears when it opens its wings and that
the sight of them would frighten its enemy? Has the butterfly happened
to see the pattern on its wings and decided that this pattern was
frightening and that it could use it in a moment of danger?
Such a convincing pattern can be the result only of a
conscious design, not of coincidences. Moreover, it is by no means
possible to think that the butterfly is aware of the patterns on
its wings and discovered this as a defence tactic by itself. It
is obvious that God, Who created the butterfly, bestowed on its
body such a pattern and inspired in the animal the instinct to use
it in moments of danger.
Little flowers on the earth are mostly considered commonplace
by people, notwithstanding their overall perfection. What prevents
people from grasping the creation miracles in these flowers is the
familiarity brought about by seeing them everywhere and every day.
Therefore, flowers that grow in a totally different place, under
totally different conditions and in totally different sizes will
be assessed without the "glasses of familiarity" and thus help us
grasp the existence of God.
Amazon water lilies that grow in the sticky mud covering
the bottom of the Amazon River are interesting enough to remove
the 'glasses of familiarity' from people, because they continue
their lives not in the way people are accustomed to and witness
everyday, but with a very different struggle.
Water lilies can only make use of daylight
once they have made their way from the depths of swamps to the
water surface by extending upwards as high as 2 metres. However,
the roots of these flower also need oxygen. In the left picture
are the stems that stretch out from the roots of the plant to
the water surface carry the oxygen it obtains to the roots.
These plants start to grow in the mud at the bottom of
the Amazon River, and then reach out towards the river surface.
Their goal is to reach the sunlight which is vital to their existence.
When they finally reach the water's surface, they stop growing and
develop thorny, round buds. The buds develop into gigantic leaves
with a reach of 2 metres, in as short a time as a couple of hours.
"Knowing" that the more they cover the river surface with abundant
leaves, the more will they be able to make use of sunlight, these
water lilies make ample use of daylight to perform photosynthesis.
They "know" that otherwise they will not be able to survive at the
bottom of the river due to the scarcity of light. It is certainly
quite inspiring for a plant to employ such an "intelligent" tactic.
However, sunlight alone does not suffice
for the Amazon water lilies. They also need oxygen equally, yet
it is obvious that this oxygen does not exist in the muddy ground
in which their roots are located. This is why water lilies stretch
out stems developing from their roots upwards towards the water
surface where their leaves float. Sometimes these stems grow as
tall as 11 metres; they are tied to the leaves and function as oxygen-carriers
between the leaves and the root.23
How can a bud in its initial stages of life in the depths
of a river know that it needs oxygen and sunlight to survive, that
it would not be able to live in their absence, and that everything
it needs is present on the water surface? A being recently introduced
to life is aware neither of the fact that this water has an ending
point, nor of the existence of the sun or oxygen.
Therefore, if the whole event is assessed from the standpoint
of evolutionists, these plants should long before have been defeated
by environmental conditions and become extinct. Nevertheless, water
lilies are still present today in all their perfection.
The unbelievable life struggle of water lilies continues
well after they reach light and oxygen on the water surface, where
they curl the brims of their huge leaves upward to prevent them
They can continue their lives with all these precautions,
yet they also know that these are not enough for their reproduction.
They need a living being that will carry their pollen to another
water lily, and this living being is a beetle (coleopteran) which
has been created with a special weakness for white colour. They
prefer these white water lilies out of all the attractive flowers
of the Amazon River. When Amazon water lilies are visited by creatures
which will continue their species, they close all their leaves,
imprison them, and offer them ample pollen. They let them free after
keeping them for one night, and then change their colour so that
they do not bring the same pollen back to them. The once pure white,
glorious water lilies will now go on adorning the Amazon river in
Could such flawless and finely calculated plans be the
work of a bud unaware of everything? Of course not. They are the
work of the wisdom of God, Who created all things. All the details
summarised here show that plants, like all other living beings in
the universe, came into existence already furnished with the most
convenient systems, and this was thanks to their Creator.
Can the wind form an airplane by coincidence?
The famous physicist Sir Fred Hoyle makes a very striking
observation about the origin of life. In his book The Intelligent
Universe he writes:
The chance that higher life forms might
have emerged in this way (by coincidence) is comparable with the
chance that a tornado sweeping through a junk-yard might assemble
a Boeing 747 from the materials therein.24
This comparison of Hoyle's is quite inspiring. The examples
that we have discussed above also reveal that both the existence
of life and the perfection of its present systems force us to look
for the great power making these come into being. Just as a hurricane
cannot produce an airplane as a result of coincidences, neither
is it possible for the universe to have come into being as a result
of unanticipated happenings and moreover to harbour extremely complex
structures therein. In truth, the universe is furnished with myriad
systems of an infinitely greater complexity than those of an airplane
Everything we have said in this chapter confronts us
with the evidence of the flawless planning not only in our immediate
surroundings but also in the depths of space. One who assesses these
signs which are so evident as to be undeniable by both reason and
conscience can come to only one conclusion: there is no room for
coincidence in the universe; the universe was Created with all the
minutiae contained in it.
And God, the Creator of this flawless system, is He Who
has infinite might and knowledge.
13. Bilim ve Teknik magazine
(Science and Technology Magazine), vol. 203, p. 25
14. Prof. Dr. Ahmet Noyan,
Physiology in Life and In the Field of Medicine, Meteksan Publishing,
Ankara, 1998, Edition 10, p. 40)
16. Larousse Dictionary
and Encyclopedia, Vol. II, p. 5734
17. Maurice Burton, C.B.P.C.
Publishing Limited, Encyclopedia of Animals, Reptiles, p. 120
18. Ibid, p. 120
19. Michael J. Behe,
Darwin's Black Box, New York: Free Press, 1996, p. 232-233
20. Grzimeks Tierleben
Vögel 3, Deutscher Taschen Buch Verlag, Oktober 1993, p. 92
21. Ibid, p. 89
22. Ibid, p. 87-88
23. David Attenborough,
The Private Life of Plants, Princeton University Press, 1995, p. 291
24. Nature, 12 November,