While referring to the Sun
and the Moon in the Qur'an, it is emphasized that each moves in
a definite orbit.
"It is He Who created the night and the day,
and the sun and the moon. They swim along, each in an orbit. "
(The Qur'an, 21:33)
It is mentioned in another verse, too, that the Sun is
not static but moves in a definite orbit:
"And the sun runs to its resting place. That
is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. "
(The Qur'an, 36:38)
These facts communicated in the Qur'an have been discovered
by astronomical observations in our age. According to the calculations
of experts on astronomy, the Sun is traveling at the enormous speed
of 720,000 kilometers an hour in the direction of the star Vega
in a particular orbit called the Solar Apex. This means that the
sun travels roughly 17,280,000 kilometers a day. Along with the
Sun, and all planets and satellites within the gravitational system
of the Sun also travel the same distance. In addition, all the stars
in the universe are in a similar planned motion.
That the entire universe is full of paths and orbits
such as this one, is written in the Qur'an as follows:
"By the sky full of paths and orbits."
(The Qur'an, 51:7)
There are about 200 billion galaxies in the universe,
consisting of nearly 200 billion stars in each. Most of these stars
have planets, and most of those planets have satellites. All of
these heavenly bodies move in very precisely computed orbits. For
millions of years, each has been "swimming" along in its
own orbit in perfect harmony and order with all the others. Moreover,
many comets also move along in the orbits determined for them.
orbits in the universe do not only belong to celestial bodies. The
galaxies also travel at enormous speeds in computed, planned orbits.
During these movements, none of these celestial bodies cuts across
another's path, or collides with another.
Surely at the time the Qur'an was revealed, mankind did
not possess today's telescopes or advanced observation technologies
to observe millions of kilometres of space, nor the modern knowledge
of physics or astronomy. Therefore, at that time, it was not possible
to determine scientifically that space is "full of paths and
orbits" as stated in the verse. However, this was openly declared
to us in the Qur'an that was revealed at that time:-because the
Qur'an is the word of God.
Like many other comets in the universe,
Halley's comet, seen above, also moves in a planned orbit.
It has a specific orbit and it moves in this orbit in a perfect
harmony with other celestial bodies.
All celestial bodies including
planets, satellites of these planets, stars, and even galaxies
have their own orbits that have been determined with very
delicate computations. The One Who established this perfect
order and maintains it is God, Who created the entire universe.