The Formation of Rain
How rain forms remained
a great mystery for a long time. Only after weather radar was
invented was it possible to discover the stages by which rain
According to this, the formation of rain takes place
in three stages. First, the "raw material" of rain rises
up into the air with the wind. Later, clouds are formed, and finally
The Qur'an's account of the formation of rain refers
exactly to this process. In one verse, this formation is described
in this way:
"It is God Who sends the winds which stir
up clouds which He spreads about the sky however He wills. He
forms them into dark clumps and you see the rain come pouring
out from the middle of them. When He makes it fall on those of
His slaves He wills, they rejoice"
(The Qur'an, 30:48)
Now, let us examine these three stages outlined in
the verse more technically.
FIRST STAGE: " It is God Who sends the winds..."
Countless air bubbles formed by the foaming of the
oceans continuously burst and cause water particles to be ejected
towards the sky. These particles, which are rich in salt, are
then carried away by winds and rise upward in the atmosphere.
These particles, which are called aerosols, function as water
traps, and form cloud drops by collecting around the water vapour
themselves, which rises from the seas as tiny droplets.
SECOND STAGE: ".... which stir up clouds
which He spreads about the sky however He wills. He forms them
into dark clumps..."
The clouds are formed from water vapour that condenses
around the salt crystals or dust particles in the air. Because
the water droplets in these clouds are very small (with a diameter
between 0.01 and 0.02 mm), the clouds are suspended in the air,
and spread across the sky. Thus, the sky is covered in clouds.
The above illustration shows the water droplets being released
into the air. This is the first stage in the formation of
rain. After that, the water droplets in the newly formed
clouds will be suspended in the air and then condense to
form rain. All of these stages are related in the Qur'an.
THIRD STAGE: "…and you see the rain come
pouring our from the middle of them"
The water particles that surround salt crystals and
dust particles thicken and form raindrops, so, drops that become
heavier than the air leave the clouds and start to fall to the
ground as rain.
As we have seen, every stage in the formation of rain
is related in the verses of the Qur'an. Furthermore, these stages
are explained in exactly the right sequence. Just as with many
other natural phenomena on the Earth, God gives the most correct
explanation of this phenomenon as well, and made it known to people
in the Qur'an centuries before it was discovered.
In another verse, the following information is given
about the formation of rain:
"Have you not seen how God drives along
the clouds, then joins them together, then makes them into a stack,
and then you see the rain come out of it? And He sends down from
the sky mountain masses (of clouds) with cold hail in them, striking
with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills.
The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight."
(The Qur'an, 24:43)
Scientists studying cloud types came across surprising
results regarding the formation of rain clouds. Rain clouds are
formed and shaped according to definite systems and stages. The
formation stages of cumulonimbus, one kind of rain cloud, are
1.STAGE, Being driven along: Clouds are carried
along, that is, they are driven along, by the wind.
2.STAGE, Joining: Then, small
clouds (cumulus clouds) driven along by the wind join together,
forming a larger cloud.(9)
Small clouds (cumulus clouds) are carried along and joined
together by the wind, that is, as the verse says: "…God
drives along the clouds, then joins them together …"
3.STAGE, Stacking: When the
small clouds join together, updrafts within the larger cloud increase.
The updrafts near the centre of the cloud are stronger than those
near the edges. These updrafts cause the cloud body to grow vertically,
so the cloud is stacked up. This vertical growth causes the cloud
body to stretch into cooler regions of the atmosphere, where drops
of water and hail formulate and begin to grow larger and larger.
When these drops of water and hail become too heavy for the updrafts
to support them, they begin to fall from the cloud as rain, hail,
We must remember that meteorologists have only recently
come to know these details of cloud formation, structure and function,
by using advanced equipment like planes, satellites, computers
etc. It is evident that God has given us a piece of information
that could not have been known 1,400 years ago.