The Historical Miracles of the Qur'an
The Word "Haman" in
The information given in the Qur'an
about ancient Egypt reveals many historical facts that had remained
undisclosed until recent times. These facts also indicate to us
that every word in the Qur'an has been revealed by sure wisdom.
Haman is a character whose name is mentioned in the
Qur'an, along with the Pharaoh. He is recorded in six different
places of the Qur'an as one of the closest men to the Pharaoh.
Surprisingly the name of Haman is never mentioned in
those sections of the Torah pertaining to the life of Moses. However,
the mention of Haman can be found in the last chapters of the
Old Testament as the helper of a Babylonian king who inflicted
many cruelties on the Israelites approximately 1,100 years after
|The name "Haman" was not known
until the decoding of Egyptian hieroglyphics in the 19th century.
When the hieroglyphics were decoded, it was understood that
Haman was a close helper of the Pharaoh, and was "the
head of the stone quarries". (Above are shown ancient
Egyptian construction workers). The really important point
here is that Haman is mentioned in the Qur'an as the person
who directed construction work under the command of the Pharaoh.
This means that information that could not have been known
by anybody else at that time was given by the Qur'an.
Some non-Muslims, who claim that the Prophet Muhammad
(peace be upon him) wrote the Qur'an by copying from the Torah
and the Bible, also assert that during the process, he transferred
some of the subjects related in these books into the Qur'an incorrectly.
The absurdity of these claims was demonstrated only
after the Egyptian hieroglyphic alphabet had been deciphered,
approximately 200 years ago, and the name "Haman" discovered
in the ancient scripts.
Before these discoveries, the writings and inscriptions
of ancient Egypt could not be understood. The language of ancient
Egypt was hieroglyphic, which survived through the ages. However,
with the spread of Christianity and other cultural influences
in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, Egypt forsook its ancient beliefs
as well as hieroglyphic writing. The last known example of the
use of hieroglyphic writing was an inscription dated 394 AD. Then
that language was forgotten, leaving nobody who could read and
understand it. And that was the situation until some 200 years
The mystery of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics was solved
in 1799 by the discovery of a tablet called the "Rosetta
Stone" dating back to 196 B.C. The importance of this inscription
was that it was written in three different forms of writing: Hieroglyphics,
demotic (a simplified form of ancient Egyptian hieratic writing)
and Greek. With the help of the Greek script, the ancient Egyptian
writings were decoded. The translation of the inscription was
completed by a Frenchman named Jean-Françoise Champollion. Hence
a forgotten language and the events related in it were brought
to light. In this way, a great deal of knowledge about the civilization,
religion and social life of ancient Egypt became available.
Through the decoding of hieroglyph,
an important piece of knowledge was revealed: the name "Haman"
was indeed mentioned in Egyptian inscriptions. This name was referred
to in a monument in the Hof Museum in Vienna.(22)
In the dictionary of People in
the New Kingdom, that was prepared based on the entire collection
of inscriptions, Haman is said to be "the head of stone quarry
The result revealed a very important truth. Unlike
the false assertion of the opponents of the Qur'an, Haman was
a person who lived in Egypt at the time of Moses, who had been
close to the Pharaoh, and had been involved in construction work,
just as imparted in the Qur'an.
Furthermore, the verse in the Qur'an describing the
event where the Pharaoh asked Haman to build a tower is in perfect
agreement with this archaeological finding:
"Pharaoh said, 'Council, I do not know of
any other god for you apart from Me. Haman, kindle a fire for me
over the clay and build me a lofty tower so that perhaps I may be
able to climb up to Moses' god! I consider him a blatant liar.'"
(The Qur'an, 28:38)
In conclusion, the existence of the name Haman in the
ancient Egyptian inscriptions not only rendered the fabricated
claims of the opponents of the Qur'an worthless, but also confirmed
one more time the fact that the Qur'an comes from God. In a miraculous
way, the Qur'an conveys to us historical information that could
not have been possessed or understood at the time of the Prophet.
22- Walter Wreszinski, Aegyptische
Inschriften aus dem K.K. Hof Museum in Wien, 1906, J. C. Hinrichs'
23- Hermann Ranke, Die Ägyptischen Personennamen, Verzeichnis der
Namen, Verlag Von J. J. Augustin in Glückstadt, Band I, 1935, Band