How many people are aware that they
have such an organised, disciplined and perfect army inside
their bodies? How many of them are aware that they are surrounded
on all sides by microbes that, if unimpeded, would cause them
to catch serious illnesses or even die? Indeed, there are many
dangerous microbes in the air we breathe, the water we drink,
the food we eat, and the surfaces we touch. While one is unaware
of all that is going on, the cells in one’s body make strenuous
efforts to save one from an illness that may even bring about
The ability of all immunity cells
to distinguish enemy cells from body cells, the ability of B
cells to prepare a weapon to neutralise the enemy that they
have never seen, their ability to carry these weapons as far
as they have to be taken without adversely affecting any body
cells, the signal-receiving cells' fulfilling their duty completely
without making any objections, each of them knowing what to
do, their returning to their places without any problem as soon
as they are finished with their work, and the abilities of the
memory cells are only some of the distinctive characteristics
of this system.
For all these reasons, the story of the formation
of the immunity system is never taken up by any evolutionist
(yellow) are seen in a fight with cancer cells.
It is extremely difficult for a person
without an immunity system or with an ill-functioning one to
survive, since he would be exposed to all the microbes and viruses
in the outside world. Today, such people can exist only in special
enclosures with no direct contact with anyone or anything outside.
Therefore, it is impossible for a person without an immunity
system to survive in a primitive environment. This leads us
to the fact that an extremely complex system such as the immunity
system could only have been created all at once and with all
of its elements.
A System Planned in its Every
Breathing, eating, walking, etc, are
very natural human functions. But most people do not think how
these basic actions take place. For example, when you eat a
fruit, you do not think how it will be made useful to your body.
The only thing on your mind is eating a healthy meal; at the
same time, your body is involved in extremely detailed processes
unimaginable to you in order to make this meal a health-giving
The digestive system where these detailed
processes take place starts to function as soon as a piece of
food is taken into the mouth. Being involved in the system right
at the outset, the saliva wets the food and helps it to be ground
by the teeth and slide down the oesophagus.
The oesophagus helps the food be transported
to the stomach where a perfect balance is at work. Here, the
food is digested by the hydrochloric acid present in the stomach.
This acid is so strong that it has the capacity to dissolve
not only the food but also the stomach walls. Of course, such
a flaw is not permitted in this perfect system. A secretion
called mucus which is secreted during digestion covers all the
walls of the stomach and provides a perfect protection against
the destructive effect of the hydrochloric acid. Thus
the stomach is prevented from destroying itself.
The rest of the digestive system is
likewise planned. The useful food pieces broken down by the
digestive system are absorbed by the small intestine walls and
enter the blood stream. The inner surface of the small intestine
is covered with tiny tendrils called ‘villus’. On top of the
cells over the villus are microscopic extensions called the
microvillus. These extensions function as pumps to absorb the
nutrition. This way the nutrition absorbed by these pumps is
delivered all around the body by the circulatory system.
The point that deserves attention
here is that evolution can by no means explain the system briefly
summarised earlier. Evolution maintains that today's complex
organisms have evolved from primitive beings by the gradual
accumulation of small structural changes. However, as stated
clearly, the system in the stomach could in no way have been
formed step by step. The absence of even one factor would bring
about the death of the organism.
When food is received into the stomach,
the gastric juices acquire the ability to break down food as
a result of a series of chemical changes. Now, imagine a living
being in the so-called evolutionary process in whose body such
a planned chemical transformation is not possible. This living
being, unable to acquire this ability, would not be able
to digest the food it ate and would starve to death with an
undigested mass of food in its stomach.
In addition, during the secretion
of this dissolving acid, the stomach walls simultaneously have
to produce the secretion called mucus. Otherwise, the acid in
the stomach would destroy the stomach. Therefore, in order for
life to continue, the stomach must secrete both fluids (acid
and mucus) at the same time. This shows that not a step-by-step
coincidental evolution but a conscious creation with all its
systems must, in effect, have been at work.
What all this shows is that the human
body resembles a huge factory made up of many small machines
that work together in perfect harmony. Just as all factories
have a designer, an engineer and a planner, the human body has
an Exalted Creator.
ANIMALS AND PLANTS
Millions of plant and animal types
present in the world stand out as evidence that prove the existence
and might of our Creator.
All of these living beings, a limited
number of which will be described as examples here, deserve
to be examined individually. They all have different body systems,
diverse defence tactics, unique ways of feeding, and interesting
reproduction methods. Unfortunately, it is not possible to describe
all living beings with all their features in a single book.
Encyclopaedias of many volumes would not be enough for this
However, even the few examples we
will discuss here will be sufficient to prove that life on earth
can in no way be explained by coincidences or accidental happenings.
If you had 450-500 eggs and if you
had to preserve them outside, what would you do? The wisest
course for you would be to take precautions to prevent them
from being scattered around, say, by the wind, or other environmental
factors. Being one of the animals that lay the most eggs at
one time (450-500), the silkworms use a very intelligent way
to protect their eggs: they unite the eggs with a viscous substance
(thread) they secrete to prevent them from being scattered around.
A silkworm caterpillar in its cocoon
which it has spun with a silk thread.
that pop out of their eggs firstly find a safe branch for themselves
and then get tied to this branch with the same thread. Later,
to promote their own development, they start to spin a cocoon
for themselves with the thread they secrete. It takes 3-4 days
for a caterpillar that has opened its eyes very recently to
life to complete this process. During this period, the caterpillar
makes thousands of turns and produces a thread an average of
900-1,500 metres long.14 At the
end of this process, it starts a new task through which it undergoes
a metamorphosis to become an elegant butterfly.
Neither the action taken by the mother
silkworm to protect its eggs, nor the behaviour of a tiny caterpillar
devoid of any awareness, education or knowledge can be explained
by evolution. First of all, the ability of the mother to produce
the thread it uses to secure its eggs is miraculous. The newly-born
caterpillar's knowing the most suitable environment for itself,
its spinning a cocoon in accordance with it, its undergoing
a metamorphosis, and its coming through this metamorphosis without
any problem are beyond human comprehension. Hence, we can simply
say that each caterpillar is born into the world with a foreknowledge
of what to do, which means that it was 'taught' all of these
things before it was born.
Let us explain this with an example.
What would you think if you saw a new-born baby standing up
a few hours after his birth, getting together the things he
needs to make his bed (like quilt, pillow, mattress), and later
putting all these together neatly, making his bed and lying
down on it? After you recover from the shock of the event, you
would probably think that the baby must have been taught in
an extraordinary way in his mother's womb to perform such a
process. The case of the caterpillars is no different from the
baby in this example.
This again leads us to the same conclusions:
these living creatures come into life, behave and live in the
way determined by Allah Who has created them. The Qur'anic verse
stating that Allah has inspired the honeybee and commanded it
to make honey (Surat an-Nahl, 68-69) provides an example of
the great secret of the world of living beings. This secret
is that all living beings have bowed to Allah's will and follow
the fate determined by Him. This is why the honeybee makes honey
and the silkworm produces silk.
The Symmetry in Wings
When we look at the butterfly wings
in the pictures, we see a perfect symmetry prevailing over them.
These lace-like wings are so adorned with patterns, spots and
colours that each of them is like a work of art.
When you look at the wings of these
butterflies, you notice that the patterns and colours on both
sides are fully identical, no matter how intricate they may
seem. Even the smallest dot is present on both wings, thereby
introducing a flawless order and symmetry.
He is Allah, the Creator,
the Shaper out of naught, the Bestower of forms (or
colours). To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: whatever
is in the heavens and on earth, declares His Praises
and Glory: and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
(Surat al-Hashr, 24)
In addition, none of the colours on these thin wings mixes with
the other, each being sharply set apart from the other. Actually,
these colours are formed by the amassing of tiny scales clustered
one on top of another. Isn't it a wonder how these small scales
that are easily dispersed with your hand's slightest touch can
be arranged in both wings without any mistake in their disposal
so as to produce exactly the same pattern. Even the replacement
of a single scale would destroy the symmetry in the wings and
impair their aesthetics. However, you never see any muddle in
the wings of any butterfly on the earth. They are as neat and
elegant as if made by an artist. And they are indeed made by
an Exalted Creator.
with the Longest Neck: The Giraffe
There is no doubt that the giraffes
did not acquire these traits by planning them in accordance
with their needs. It is even more implausible to say that all
these vital features were shaped over time through a gradual
evolutionary process. In order for a giraffe to stay alive,
it is vital for it to have a pumping system to transmit blood
to the brain and a valve system to prevent high blood pressure
the minute it bends down. If any one of these characteristics
did not exist or did not function properly, then it would be
impossible for the giraffe to go on living.
many amazing characteristics. One of these is that their neck
stands on 7 vertebrae, just like that of all other mammals,
even though it is so long. Another amazing fact about giraffes
is that they do not have any problem pumping blood up to their
brain on top of their long neck. A little thinking would make
one notice how difficult it must be to have the blood pumped
so high. But giraffes do not have any problem about this, because
their hearts are equipped with features to pump blood as high
as necessary. This enables them to carry on with their lives
Yet they still face another problem
while they drink water. Essentially, giraffes should have died
of high blood pressure every time they bent down to drink water.
However, the perfect system in their necks completely eliminates
this risk. When they bend down, the valves in their neck vessels
are shut down and they prevent excess blood from flowing to
The conclusion to be derived from
all this is that the giraffe species was born into the world
with all the characteristics vital for its living. It is impossible
for a non-existent being to master its body and acquire essential
traits consciously. So, giraffes unquestionably prove that they
are created by a conscious creation, that is by Allah.
Sea turtles living
in the oceans surge in crowds towards the beach when it is time
for them to reproduce. This is no ordinary beach though. The
beach they arrive at to reproduce has to be the one where they
were born.15 Sometimes sea turtles
have to travel as far as 800 kilometres to arrive there. But
a long and tough journey does not change the situation. They
arrive at the beach where they were born to give birth to their
offspring, no matter what.
It is quite unaccountable
how a living being can find its way back to the very same beach
20-25 years after its departure from there.16
It is all the more extraordinary that it can find the direction
of its birthplace in the depths of the ocean where so little
light penetrates, and then spot it from among numerous similar
thousands of travellers with no compass meet on the same beach
at the same time. Initially a mystery, the reasons underlying
this insistent meeting came as a great surprise when finally
revealed. Since turtles know that their offspring cannot survive
in sea conditions, they bury their eggs under the sand on the
beach. But why do all of them meet on the same beach, at the
same time? Would not the hatchlings survive if they did the
same thing at different times and on different beaches?
Those who did research on this topic were faced with a very
interesting situation. Thousands of offspring under the sand
have to overcome a number of formidable obstacles after breaking
their eggs with the hard lump on their head. The hatchlings
of an average of 31 grams cannot dig the earth layer above them
on their own and they all help each other. When thousands of
hatchlings on the beach start to dig the earth, they make it
to the sand surface in a few days. Yet before they appear on
the surface, they wait for a while for nightfall. For in the
day time, there is the danger of falling a prey to predators.
In addition, it would be quite difficult for them to proceed
by crawling on sands scorched by the sunlight. When night falls,
they go up to the surface after completing the digging process.
Although it is dark, they rush to the sea and depart from the
beach to return there as much as 20-25 years later.
It is impossible for these hatchlings
to know that they have to dig their way up after they pop out
of their eggs and wait for a while at a certain distance from
the sea. It is by no means possible for them to know, when they
are still buried in the earth, whether it is day or night, that
predators exist outside and that they could fall a prey to them,
that the sand is scorching because of the sun, that this could
harm them, and that they must rush to the sea. So, how does
this conscious conduct come about?
The only answer to this question is
that these hatchlings have been somehow 'programmed' to behave
in this way, which means that their Creator has inspired in
them the instinct that helps them protect their lives.
The bombardier beetle is an insect
on which an enormous amount of research has been done. The trait
that renders this insect so popular is that it uses chemical
methods to protect itself from its enemies.
moments of danger, the insect squirts hydrogen peroxide and
hydroquinone stored in its body towards the enemy to protect
itself. Prior to battle, specialised structures called secretory
lobes make a very concentrated mixture of these two chemicals.
The mixture is stored in a separate compartment called the storage
chamber. This compartment is connected to a second one called
the explosion chamber. The two compartments are kept separate
from one another by a sphincter muscle. The moment the insect
senses danger, it squeezes the muscles surrounding the storage
chamber while simultaneously relaxing the sphincter muscle,
and the chemical in the storage chamber is transferred to the
explosion chamber. A large quantity of heat is released and
a vaporisation occurs. The released vapour and the oxygen gas
exert pressure on the walls of the explosion chamber and this
chemical is squirted at the enemy through a channel leading
outward from the beetle's body.17
It is still a great mystery to researchers
how an insect can harbour inside itself a powerful system potent
enough to trigger a chemical reaction that could easily cause
it harm while also isolating itself from the effects of that
system. No doubt, the existence and working of this system is
too complicated to be attributed to the insect itself. It is
still a matter of discussion how the bombardier beetle makes
such a system work within its tiny body measuring about 2 cm
in length, when human experts can perform it only in laboratories.
The only apparent truth here is that
this insect is a concrete example completely refuting the theory
of evolution, because it is impossible for this complex chemical
system to have been shaped by a series of coincidental variations
and passed on to future generations. Even a minor deficiency
or 'defect' in a single piece of the system would leave the
animal defenceless, so that it would soon be killed or it would
cause it to blow itself up. Therefore, the only explanation
is that the chemical weapon in the insect's body had come into
being with all its parts all at once and without any defect.
No one can help feeling surprised
at the sight of a termite nest erected on the ground by termites.
These nests are architectural wonders, rising as high as 5 or
you compare the size of a termite and its nest, you will see
that the termite has successfully completed an architectural
project about 300 times bigger than itself. But what is even
more astonishing is that the termites are blind.
A person who has never seen the huge
nests built by blind termites would probably think that they
are made up of sand piles heaped upon each other. However, a
termite nest proves to be of a marvellous design incomprehensible
to the human mind: inside there are intersecting tunnels, corridors,
ventilation systems, special fungus production yards and safety
If you assemble thousands of blind
people and give them all kinds of technical tools, you can never
make them set up a nest similar to the one made by the termite
colony. So, just think:
- How could a termite measuring 1-2
cm. in length have learnt the architectural and engineering
information needed to make such a subtle design?
- How could thousands of blind termites
manage to work in harmony to build this construction which is
an artistic wonder?
-If you divide a termite nest into
two during the first stages of its construction, and then reunite
it, you will see that all passage-ways, canals and roads fit
each other. How can this miraculous event be explained?
The conclusion to be derived from
this example is that Allah has created all living beings uniquely
and without any prior example. Even one termite nest is enough
for a person to comprehend Allah and believe that He is the
One Who created all.
we all know, woodpeckers build their nests by boring holes in
tree trunks with their beaks. This may sound familiar to most
people. But the point many people fail to examine is why woodpeckers
suffer no brain haemorrhage when they beat a tattoo so vigorously
with their heads. What the woodpecker does is in a way similar
to a human being driving a nail into the wall with his head.
If a man ventured to do something like that, he would probably
undergo a brain shock followed by a brain haemorrhage. However,
a woodpecker can peck a hard tree trunk 38-43 times in just
two or three seconds and nothing happens to it.18
Nothing happens because
the head structure of woodpeckers is ideally created for such
a task. The skull of the woodpecker has a remarkable suspension
system that absorbs the force of the blows. Its forehead and
some skull muscles adjoined to its beak and the jaw joint are
so robust that they help lessen the effect of the forceful strokes
Design and planning do not end here.
Preferring primarily pine trees, woodpeckers check the age of
the trees before boring a hole in them and pick those older
than 100 years, because pine trees older than 100 years suffer
an illness that causes the hard and thick bark to soften. This
was only recently discovered by science and perhaps you may
be reading of it here for the first time in your life; woodpeckers
have known it for centuries.
This is not the only reason why woodpeckers
prefer pine trees. Woodpeckers dig cavities around their nests,
the function of which was not originally understood. These cavities
were later understood to protect them from a great danger. Over
time, the sticky resin that leaks from the pine trees fills
up the cavities and the outpost of the woodpecker's nest is
thus filled with a pool whereby woodpeckers can be protected
from snakes, their greatest enemies.
feature of woodpeckers is that their tongues are thin enough
to penetrate even ants' nests in the trees. Their tongues are
also sticky, which allows them to collect the ants that live
there. The perfection in their creation is further revealed
by the fact that their tongues have a structure which prevents
them from being harmed by the acid in the bodies of the ants.20
Woodpeckers, each of whose characteristics
is discussed in a different paragraph above, prove with all
their detailed features that they are 'created'. If woodpeckers
had evolved coincidentally as the theory of evolution claims,
they would have died before they acquired such extraordinarily
consistent traits and they would be extinct. However, as they
were created by Allah with a special 'design' adapted to their
life, they started their lives by bearing all the vital characteristics.
One of the defence strategies of animals
is camouflage. Some animals have the special protection of a
body structure and coloration which are totally adapted to their
habitat. The bodies of these living beings are so harmonious
with their environment that when you look at their pictures,
you cannot tell if they are plants or animals, or distinguish
them from their surroundings.
As will be seen in the following pages,
the incredible similarity of an insect to a leaf helps it escape
the notice of its enemies. It is obvious that this tiny animal
has not made its body look like a leaf. Maybe it is not even
aware that it is being protected because it looks like a leaf.
However, the camouflage is so deft that it readily impinges
as a defence tactic planned specially and 'created'.
Some insects disguise themselves as dead leaves. It is
quite difficult to distinguish the Panama moth from withered
In the picture is a snake hiding among the bushes.
When you look carefully, you will see that what you take
to be a tree branch is in fact an insect.
This chameleon, known as gecko can assume the colour of
its surroundings in 20 minutes.
There are some incredible and unimaginably
interesting defence methods in the animal world. One of these
is false eyes. With such false eyes, various butterfly, caterpillar
and fish species convince their enemies that they are 'dangerous'.
The butterflies seen below open their
wings as soon as they sense a danger and display a pair of eyes
on each of their wings which appear quite threatening to their
FALSE EYES BEWILDER!
When some butterflies open their wings, we encounter
a pair of eyes. These eyes convince their enemies that
they are not butterflies. Particularly, the false faces
of some butterfly species such as the Shonling butterfly
seen above are so perfect with their shiny eyes, facial
features, frowning eyebrows, mouth and nose that the
overall picture is quite discouraging for many of its
A tenacious person on denying Allah may try to bolster
his extraordinary view with the evolutionist explanation
of 'an interesting coincidence'. Or he can claim that
'the butterfly brought about this pattern on its body
by thinking that it would be useful to it'.
If someone makes such a claim and asserts that these
patterns that surpass in beauty even the paintings of
artists have come about by coincidence, then there is
nothing left to say on the part of "the men of understanding".
For such a claim is completely incompatible with reason
and common sense.
Let us take our time and think: can
these extremely convincing eyes be the result of a coincidence?
How does the butterfly know that a pair of scary eyes appear
when it opens its wings and that this view would frighten its
enemy? Has the butterfly happened to see the pattern on its
wings and decided that this pattern was frightening and that
it could use it in a moment of danger?
Such a convincing pattern can be the
result only of a conscious design, not of coincidences. Moreover,
it is by no means possible to think that the butterfly is aware
of the patterns on its wings and discovered this as a defence
tactic by itself. It is obvious that Allah, Who created the
butterfly, bestowed on its body such a pattern and inspired
in the animal the instinct to use it in moments of danger.
|On the left are the real head and eyes
of the thornback ray fish. On the right, the fish swims
into its nest and leaves out its tail on which there is
a pair of 'eyes'. Other fish around it dare not to come
close to it as the false eyes in the tail make them think
that it is awake.
Little flowers on the earth are mostly
considered commonplace by people, notwithstanding their overall
perfection. What prevents people from grasping the creation
miracles in these flowers is the familiarity brought about by
seeing them everywhere and every day. Therefore, flowers that
grow in a totally different place, under totally different conditions
and in totally different sizes will be assessed without the
'glasses of familiarity' and thus help us grasp the existence
Amazon water lilies that grow in the
sticky mud covering the bottom of the Amazon River are interesting
enough to remove the 'glasses of familiarity' from people, because
they continue their lives not in the way people are accustomed
to and witness everyday, but with a very different struggle.
These plants start to grow in the
mud at the bottom of the Amazon River, and then reach out towards
the river surface. Their goal is to reach the sunlight which
is vital to their existence. When they finally reach the water's
surface, they stop growing and develop thorny, round buds. The
buds develop into gigantic leaves with a reach of 2 metres in
as short a time as a couple of hours. 'Knowing' that the more
they cover the river surface with abundant leaves, the more
will they be able to make use of sunlight, these water lilies
make ample use of daylight to perform photosynthesis. They 'know'
that otherwise they will not be able to survive at the bottom
of the river due to the scarcity of light. It is certainly quite
inspiring for a plant to employ such an 'intelligent' tactic.
alone does not suffice for the Amazon water lilies. They also
need oxygen equally, yet it is obvious that this oxygen does
not exist in the muddy ground in which their roots are located.
This is why water lilies stretch out stems developing from
their roots upwards towards the water surface where their
leaves float. Sometimes these stems grow as tall as 11 metres;
they are tied to the leaves and function as oxygen-carriers
between the leaves and the root.21
How can a bud in its initial stages
in life in the depths of a river know that it needs oxygen and
sunlight to survive, that it would not be able to live in their
absence, and that everything it needs is present on the water
surface? A being recently introduced to life is aware neither
of the fact that this water has an ending point, nor of the
existence of the sun or oxygen.
Therefore, if the whole event is assessed
from the standpoint of evolutionists, these plants should long
before have been defeated by environmental conditions and become
extinct. Nevertheless, water lilies are still present today
in all their perfection.
The unbelievable life struggle of
water lilies continues well after they reach light and oxygen
on the water surface, where they curl the brims of their huge
leaves upward to prevent them from sinking.
|Water lilies can only make use of daylight
once they have made their way from the depths of swamps
to the water surface by extending upwards as high as 2
metres. However, the roots of these flowers also need
oxygen. In the left picture are the stems that stretch
out from the roots of the plant to the water surface and
carry the oxygen it obtains to the roots.
They can continue their lives with
all these precautions, yet they also know that these are not
enough for their reproduction. They need a living being that
will carry their pollen to another water lily, and this living
being is a beetle (coleopterans) which has been created with
a special weakness for white colour. They prefer these white
water lilies out of all the attractive flowers of the Amazon
River. When Amazon water lilies are visited by creatures which
will continue their species, they close all their leaves, imprison
them, and offer them ample pollen. They let them free after
keeping them for one night, and then change their colour so
that they do not bring the same pollen back to them. The once
pure white, glorious water lilies will now go on adorning the
Amazon river in pink.
Could such flawless and finely calculated
plans be the work of a bud unaware of everything? Of course
not. They are the work of the wisdom of Allah, Who created all
things. All the details summarised here show that plants, like
all other living beings in the universe, came into existence
already furnished with the most convenient systems, and this
was thanks to their Creator.
Can the wind form an airplane by coincidence?
The famous physicist Sir Fred Hoyle
makes a very striking observation about the origin of life.
In his book The Intelligent Universe he writes:
This comparison of Hoyle's is quite inspiring.
The examples that we have discussed above also reveal that both
the existence of life and the perfection of its present systems
force us to look for the great power making these come into
being. Just as a hurricane cannot produce an airplane as a result
of coincidences, neither is it possible for the universe to
have come into being as a result of unanticipated happenings
and moreover to harbour extremely complex structures therein.
In truth, the universe is furnished with myriad systems of an
infinitely greater complexity than those of an airplane
The chance that higher
life forms might have emerged in this way (by coincidence)
is comparable with the chance that a tornado sweeping through
a junk-yard might assemble a Boeing 747 from the materials
Everything we have said in this chapter
confronts us with the evidence of the flawless planning not
only in our immediate surroundings but also in the depths of
space. One who assesses these signs which are so evident as
to be undeniable by both reason and conscience can come to only
one conclusion: there is no room for coincidence in the universe;
the universe was CREATED with all the minutiae contained in
And Allah, the Creator of this flawless
system, is He Who has infinite might and knowledge.