The Design in the Protein
The complex design of the haemoglobin molecule
Let us now put aside the question of "how the
first cell originated" and ask a much easier question: How
did the first protein originate? The theory of evolution has no
answer to this question either.
Proteins are the building blocks of the cell. If we
compare the cell to a huge skyscraper, proteins are the bricks of
the skyscraper. However, they do not have a standard form and structure
as the bricks do. Even the simplest cells have roughly 2,000 different
types of proteins. If cells can survive, it is thanks to the extraordinarily
harmonious functioning of these distinct proteins.
Proteins are made up of smaller structures, or molecules,
called "amino acids", which are formed by the different
combinations made by carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen atoms. There
are 500-1,000 amino acids in an average protein. Some proteins are
THE ARCHITECTURE IN PROTEINS
Besides having a sophisticated design, proteins are
also involved in a great design in the body. The human body
is mainly composed of proteins. Proteins are the basic material
of our bones, eyes, hair or muscles. Here, you see the complex
interior structure of a single fibre in one of our muscles.
Cells with different protein make-ups form each of the details
you see in this structure. Every detail is perfectly designed
and built by the use of an organic material, which is protein.
The fascinating architecture of proteins is one of the striking
signs of creation.
The important point is that amino acids have to line
up in a certain sequence to form a protein. There are 20 different
amino acid types used in living organisms. These amino acids do
not combine at random to form proteins. Every protein has a certain
amino acid sequence and this sequence must be precisely matched.
Even the deficiency or the replacement of a single amino acid renders
that protein a useless lump of molecules. For thi s reason, every
amino acid must be just at the right place in the right sequence.
The instructions for this sequence are stored in the DNA of the
cell and, according to them, the proteins are produced.
The theory of evolution claims that the first proteins
formed "by chance". Probabilistic calculations, however,
show that this is by no means possible. For instance, the probability
of the amino acid sequence of a protein made up of 500 amino acids
being in the correct order is 1 in 10950.5
10950 is an incomprehensible figure formed by placing 950 zeros
after 1. In mathematics, a probability smaller than 1 over 1050
is considered to be almost impossible.
MONKEYS WRITE A BOOK?
Cytochrome-C is one of the most important proteins that
make oxygen respiration possible. It is vital for survival.
It is impossible for this protein, which has an extremely
complex design, to form by chance. One of the foremost defenders
of evolution in Turkey, Professor Ali Demirsoy states in
his book Inheritance and Evolution that the probability
of the coincidental formation of Cytochrome-C is "as unlikely
as the possibility of a monkey writing the history of humanity
on a typewriter without making any mistakes."8
Briefly, even a single protein cannot form by chance.
Evolutionists also admit this fact from time to time. For instance,
Harold Blum, a famous evolutionist scientist, states that "the
spontaneous formation of a polypeptide of the size of the smallest
known proteins seems beyond all probability."6
So, what does all this mean? Perry Reeves, a professor
of chemistry, gives the answer:
When one examines the vast number of possible structures
that could result from a simple random combination of amino acids
in an evaporating primordial pond, it is mind-boggling to believe
that life could have originated in this way. It is more plausible
that a Great Builder with a master plan would be required for such
see Harun Yahya, The Evolution Deceit, Ta Ha Publishers, 1999, p.
6- W. R. Bird, The Origin of Species Revisited. Nashville:
Thomas Nelson Co., 1991, p. 304
7- J. D. Thomas, Evolution and Faith. Abilene, TX,
ACU Press, 1988. p. 81-82
8- Ali Demirsoy, Kalıtım ve Evrim (Inheritance and
Evolution), Ankara: Meteksan Yayınları, 1984, p. 64