Birds and Reptiles
Evolutionists make the claim that birds evolved
from reptiles. When we examine the structure of these two living
classes, however, we see that this assertion is extremely unscientific.
claim that birds evolved from small-structured, reptilian dinosaurs.
A comparison between birds and reptiles, however, demonstrates that
these living classes are very different from each other and no evolution
whatsoever could have taken place between them.
There are many structural differences between
birds and reptiles. The most important one is their bone structure.
Dinosaurs, the alleged ancestors of birds, according to evolutionists,
have thick and solid bones because of their massive structure. Whereas
the bones of living and extinct birds are hollow and thus very light.
This light-weight bone structure is very important in the flight
DISTINCTIVE TRAITS OF REPTILES
the world of vertebrates, reptiles are one of the groups
that least resemble birds. While birds are warm-blooded,
reptiles are not even capable of producing their own body
heat. With the structure of their skin, their metabolism,
and their skeletal system, reptiles are ultimately created
to live on land.
Another important difference between reptiles
and birds is their metabolic structure. While reptiles have the
slowest metabolic rate in the world of living things, birds hold
the highest records in this field. For instance, the body heat of
a house sparrow can rise up to 48oC because of its fast metabolism.
On the other hand, reptiles are not even capable of producing their
own body heat and instead warm up under the sun. Reptiles are the
least energy-consuming animals in nature, whereas birds are the
most energy-consuming animals.
FUNCTION OF FEATHERS
Unlike reptiles, the bodies of birds are covered with
feathers. Responsible for the aerodynamic function in birds,
feathers also help them retain their body heat.
The respiratory system of birds also differs
greatly from that of reptiles. Reptiles and mammals take air into
their lungs through their trachea and then give it back through
the same pipe. In birds, however, air makes a one-way journey through
the lung channels; it enters from one side and departs from the
other. Thanks to this respiratory system that does not exist in
any other living class, birds make extremely efficient use of air.
This system enables them to fly even at an altitude of 8,000 meters,
where oxygen is very scarce.
Another characteristic that raises an unsurpassable
barrier between birds and reptiles is feathers, a structure specific
to birds. The bodies of reptiles are covered with scales, whereas
the bodies of birds are covered with feathers.
SPECIAL SKELETAL SYSTEM
Unlike dinosaur and reptile bones, bird bones are hollow.
This gives the body stability and lightness. Birds' skeletal
structure is employed in designing aeroplanes, bridges and
other structures in our own time.
Put briefly, numerous differences between birds
and reptiles definitively refute the evolutionist claim that reptiles
gradually evolved into birds. Birds and reptiles are living classes
God created to be quite distinct from each other.
Alan Feduccia, a professor from the University
of North Carolina, strongly opposes the theory that birds have a
kinship with dinosaurs on the basis of scientific discoveries, despite
the fact that he is an evolutionist himself:
Well, I've studied bird skulls for 25 years and
I don't see any similarities whatsoever. I just don't see it...
The theropod (a major group of dinosaurs) origins of birds, in my
opinion, will be the greatest embarrassment of paleontology of the
Shipman, "Birds do it... Did Dinosaurs?", New Scientist, 1 February
1997, p. 28