The Signs in Living Beings
In the sixth ayah of Surah Hud, Allah states that Allah
gives the "sustenance" of all living things, that is, all the provisions
that provide for their subsistence:
There is no creature on the earth which is
not dependent upon Allah for its provision. He knows where it lives
and where it dies. They are all in a Clear Book. (Surah Hud: 6)
One can easily recognise how Allah "gives sustenance"
to all living things once one looks around oneself conscientiously
and with wisdom. All our food and drink are things that are "made"
and "created". The water we drink, the bread, fruits and vegetables
we eat are all the results of a special creation. Take a fruit,
an orange for instance.... This fruit is originally formed on the
branch of a tree, which is, in fact, a mass of wood. The tree absorbs
minerals and water from the soil and combines them with the energy
it obtains from the sun. The result it yields is extremely useful
for the human body, extremely tasty and fragrant when consumed by
humans. Moreover, it is in a very healthy and aesthetically pleasing
How does a tree bring about such a yield? Why
is it so useful to the human body? Why do all fruits contain essential
vitamins appropriate to the seasons in which they grow? Why are
they so tasty and not bitter? Why are they so fragrant and do not
Certainly a tree is just a bulk of wood and it
is out of the question for it to produce a fruit on its own and
equip it with features essential for human use. Just as Allah sustains
human beings, so does He sustain the animals. In the following pages,
we will review the hunting techniques some living beings use to
reach their sustenance.
It is by no means difficult for one to understand
the might and omnipotence of Allah if one conscientiously examines,
within the boundaries of wisdom and logic, the systems with which
animals are endowed to get their food. Every animal that we cover
in this chapter is one of the great examples Allah has spread out
on the earth.
For instance, the "hunting technique" of the
fish you see on the next page is amazing. This fish neither chases
its enemy nor does it lurk secretly to dash upon them. The fish
is no different from others at first glance. Yet, as soon as it
lifts its fin, a "fake fish" appears on its back. When other fish
approach this small fake fish, not realising who the real owner
of the fins is, they become easy prey to the hunter fish.
Has this fish by itself given its fin a fish
image? Or rather, have coincidences accumulated and given the fish
such a feature? It is unquestionably impossible to claim that a
fish could conceive of such a conscious plan, and act and carry
it out. No doubt, all the features the living things possess bring
us face to face with a single reality: the existence of the owner
of the superior wisdom and design prevailing in nature, the existence
The closed fin.
In order to attract the attention of other fish, the fish
opens its fin and the fake fish appears.
The prey, allured by the fake fish, draws near and becomes
prey to the hunter it has not recognised.
The jumping spider
is widely known, spiders construct a web and wait for insects to
become trapped. The jumping spider, contrary to others, prefers
to go after its prey itself. It makes a nimble leap to reach its
prey. It may capture a fly that passes half a metre away from itself
in the air by leaping upon it.
The spider makes this amazing leap
by its eight feet that work on hydraulic pressure principles, and
all of a sudden it descends on its prey and inserts it powerful
jaws in it. This leap usually takes place in a convoluted environment
of plants. The spider must calculate the most appropriate angle
for a successful leap, and consider the speed and direction of its
interesting is how it saves its own life after catching its prey.
The insect could possibly die, because when jumping to catch its
prey, it launches itself into the air and so it could easily crash
down to the ground from the heights (the spider is usually at the
top of a tree).
The spider, however, does not face
such an end. The spider thread, which it had secreted just before
jumping and which it sticks on the branch it is on, saves it from
falling to the ground and keeps him dangling in the air. This thread
is so strong that it can hold both the spider and its prey.
Another interesting feature of
this spider is that the poison it injects into its prey liquefies
its tissues. The food of the spider is nothing else than the liquefied
tissues of its prey.
Certainly, the features of this
spider are not gifts (!) of coincidence. It is necessary that it
should have gained the skill of both jumping and, at the same time,
making a thread that will prevent it from falling. If it could not
jump, it would starve and die. If it could not make a thread or
if its thread were not strong enough, it would crash to the ground.
Then the spider must both have a body structure suitable for jumping
and a system to secrete a thread strong enough to lift its prey.
Besides that, the spider is not
only a mechanism that produces thread and jumps but a complex living
organism and must exist with all its features intact at the same
time. The development of none of these features can be deferred.
For instance, can you think of a spider with an incomplete digestive
SEES 360 DEGREES AROUND
extremely interesting feature of the jumping spider is its
skill in seeing. Many living organisms, including human beings,
can only see a limited space with their two eyes and are unable
to see behind them. However, the jumping spider can see everything
around itself including its back with its four pairs of eyes
located on top of its head. Two of these eyes are extended
forward from the middle of the head like test-tubes. These
two big eyes (called A.M. eyes) can move from right to left,
and up and down in their sockets. The other four eyes on the
sides of the head cannot perceive the image completely, yet
can detect every movement around them. In this way, the animal
can easily identify a prey behind it.
ability of the jumping spider's eyes to see independently from each
other helps the animal perceive objects more rapidly. In the pictures,
the dark eye looks at the camera, and the light eye looks elsewhere.
It is a wonder that the jumping spider has eight eyes and an angle
of vision of 360 degrees whereas other creatures have only two eyes.
Certainly, the animal has not, by itself, "thought" that this would
be more useful and thus produced additional eyes, or - to be accurate
- these eyes did not originate coincidentally. The animal has been
created with all these features.
you were asked what you see in the above picture, you would definitely
say, "there are some ants above and below the leaf".
are two ants and a jumping spider. You have no other way but
to count the legs to find out which one is the ant and which
one is the spider.
However, what you see under the
leaf is a jumping spider lurking to hunt living ants. This species
of the jumping spider looks so similar to the ants that even the
ants think it is one of them.
The only difference between the
ant and the spider is the number of legs. The spider has eight legs
whereas the ant has six.
WATER GUN OF THE FISH
fish shoots the water it has filled in its mouth on insects
sitting on branches overhanging the water. The insect falls,
due to the pressurised water and becomes an easy prey to the
fish. It is worth noting that while launching the attack,
the fish does not lift its head out of the water at all, and
spots the location of its prey accurately. As is widely known,
when viewed from under water, objects outside the water seem,
due to the refraction of light, at a different location from
where they really are. Therefore, to be able to "hit" a target
outside the water from under the water, one needs to know
the refractive angle of the light and make the "shot" accordingly.
However, this fish innately copes with this difficulty and
hits the mark every time.
In order to do away with this "handicap",
which will make him readily recognised, the jumping spider stretches
its two forelegs forward and lifts them up. Thus, its two legs look
exactly like the antennae of ants.
Yet, the camouflage does not consist
solely of this. The animal needs also an eye pattern that will make
it seem like an ant. Its own eyes are not big and in the shape of
a dark spot like those of the ants. One feature it possesses by
birth helps it solve this problem. The spider has two big spots
at the two sides of its head. These two spots resemble the ant's
eyes (notice the spots at the sides of the spiderís head in the
The heat-detectors located in the
facial cavities at the anterior of the rattlesnake's head detect
the infrared light caused by the body heat of its prey. This detection
is so sensitive as to perceive a temperature increase of 1/300 in
the heat of the setting. The snake, with the help of its forked-tongue,
which is its organ of smell, can sense a motionless red squirrel
sitting half a metre away in deep darkness. Fixing the location
of its prey faultlessly, the snake first silently sneaks towards
it, then comes close enough to attack, arches and stretches its
neck and closes upon its target at great speed. By then, it has
already inserted the teeth on its strong jaw, which can open to
180 degrees. All of this takes place at a speed equivalent to an
automobile's accelerating from 0 km/h up to 90 km/h in half a second.
The length of the snake's "venomous teeth", its greatest weapon
in rendering its victim ineffective, is about 4 cm. The insides
of its teeth are hollow and connected to the glands of venom. As
soon as the snake bites, the glandís muscles contract and with great
power shoot the poison first into the teeth canal and then under
the prey's skin. The snake venom either paralyses the central nervous
system of the prey or causes its death by coagulating the blood.
Only 0.028 g of some snakesí venom is strong enough to kill 125,000
rats. The poison shows its effects so quickly that the prey does
not have time to do any harm to the snake. From now on, all that
is left to the snake is to engulf its paralysed prey with its highly
DOES IT MOVE ON THE SAND?
This desert-dwelling snake can move swiftly on the sand. By
contracting its chest muscles by degrees, it moves its body
in an S-form.
At the beginning of the movement, it twists its body, lifts
its head and keeps it poised in the air. As the contraction,
which drives the movement, proceeds to the tail, the head
moves forward and touches the earth. In the meantime, the
motion of contraction has reached the tail. A fresh wave lifts
the tail up from the sand and brings it up to the level of
Thus, the snake moves forward by leaving parallel traces with
a slope of 45 degrees on average.
Throughout this movement, only two parts of the snake touch
the sand. With this form of movement, the snake's body is
protected from being scorched by making minimal contact with
the extremely hot, burning sand.
snakes do not have jawbones, they can open their mouths
as big as they wish. Above, you may see how a snake
can easily eat an egg, which is much larger than it
is. The prey is slowly swallowed as a whole and digested.
trapping smaller fish in cave-like or rocky shelters, this
dazzlingly coloured fish closes their exits by using its fins
as a net. Those fish that try to flee face the poisonous spines
of the lion fish. The powerful venom of the lion fish takes
instant effect and causes the deaths of its victims.
Though everyone knows the poisonous
feature of snakes, almost no one thinks about how this takes place.
In fact, an animalís possessing a technology to kill another animal
by poison is quite astonishing and extraordinary. Those who insist
on denying the existence of Allah are certainly incapable of explaining
how snakes possess such an extraordinary skill. The venomous system
in the mouth of the snake is a very complex and sophisticated one.
In order for this system to function, the snake has to have special
"venomous teeth", which are hollow inside, and venomous glands connected
to these teeth. A very powerful venom that will paralyse its enemies
has to have been formed, and this reflex has to work as soon as
the animal bites its prey. This multi-component system would not
work with one of its components missing. That would result in the
snakeís falling prey to the animals it has chosen to hunt. The extraordinary
skills of the animal in sensing temperature change and odour show
the detailed nature of the design we are facing.
Here, there is an extraordinary
and unusual occurrence that we can only term a "miracle". It is,
however, out of the question that nature could create a miracle
which is "supernatural". Nature is a name given to the entire order
we see around us. The founder of this order can surely not be the
order itself. The laws of nature are those laws fixed by Allah,
which set the relationships among those that He created. Defining
concepts properly reveals the truth. Confusing concepts, on the
other hand, is a characteristic of the unbelievers. They do it to
conceal the facts and deny the crystal-clear creation.
|WAR MACHINE: THE SCORPION
The brain's structure extends from head to tail and consists
of fifteen nerve lobes. This structure of the brain provides
a great advantage for the animal, allowing it to make quick
decisions and to transmit reflexes and all necessary orders
to the organs.
The potent poison of scorpions, which is capable of killing
a human being, is injected into enemies via the stings located
at the back of their body.
A robust armour
Its outer covering that wraps it like an armour is sturdy
enough to protect it not only from its enemies but also from
radiation. The human body has resistance to approximately
600 rads of radiation, whereas the tolerance of scorpions
rises as high as 40-150 thousand rads.
It has eight air vessels in its abdomen. It continues to breathe
easily even if only one of them is open. It can stay under
water for two days owing to its strong lungs.
On its underside , the female scorpion bears a pair of unique
sense organs called "pectines". With these, it identifies
the surface texture and selects the most appropriate place
for laying its eggs.
The detectors on its feet help the animal perceive every kind
of movement, noise and vibration. These detectors are so sensitive
that the scorpion can sense the vibrations caused by a nearby
living organism in 1/1000th of a second.
The function of the scorpion's pincers is to render its victims
ineffective before stinging them. Moreover, it can use its
pincers to dig the sand and hide under ground.
this fish needs to hunt, it sets free the appendage coming
out from its head like a hook and begins to wait.
other fish that approach this extension, thinking that
it is a small fish, cannot escape falling a prey to the
sudden attack of the hunter fish.
all know that a fish has no means to create a hook in
its own body, and that such an issue cannot be side-stepped
by a senseless explanation such as "it just happened to
be so by coincidence".
their outward appearance being quite suitable for camouflage,
some animals have a great advantage in hunting. For
instance, it is impossible to notice the snake above
when hidden under the sand. For this snake waiting in
ambush, it is quite easy to hunt its prey, which comes
right under its nose without realising it.
Another animal endowed with the ability of camouflage
is a fish named "the stargazer". This fish hides itself
under the sand on the seafloor. Over the mouth of the
fish is a tooth-like fringed structure. It comfortably
breathes under the sand via this organ, which looks
like a tooth and can hardly be distinguished from sand.
It waits in ambush for its prey and once it comes close,
it rushes out from under the sand and catches it.
tiger which is perfectly camouflaged, with its agility,
powerful jaw, claws, speed and strength, is the perfect
hunter. Another characteristic of the tiger is that it
never allows the wind to be at its back while tracing
its prey, since the wind blowing from behind it would
carry its odour to its prey and hence cause it to be noticed.
MASTER HUNTER: CHAMELEON
The chameleon's tongue is kept collapsed within its mouth
like an accordion. In the middle of its tongue is a sharp-ended
cartilage. When the circular muscles at the tip of its tongue
contract, the tongue shoots out. The animal's tongue is covered
with a mucous-like viscous liquid. When it approaches close
enough to its prey, it opens its mouth and rapidly hurls its
tongue towards its victim. The viscous tongue, owing to the
intertwining muscles, reaches as far as 1.5 times the length
of the chameleon. The time for the tongue to retrieve the
prey and retract is only 0.1 seconds.
The chameleon is certainly the first animal that comes to
the mind when camouflage is raised. The chameleon changes
its colour according to the ground on which it stands.
To the right can be seen the mark
made on the coat of the chameleon by the fern left on its
back. Light and temperature changes are considered to have
a role in the reactions that cause this mark.
Yet, the animal is not even aware
of its advantageous skill in changing colours. Its body is
originally created to automatically match the colours of its
An unconventional hunter: The venus plant
the predators we have mentioned so far, there are also some plants
which "hunt" by using amazing methods. One of these is the "Venus"
plant, which catches and feeds on insects that visit it.
The hunting system
of this plant works as follows: a fly looking for food among the
plants suddenly comes across one which is very attractive: the Venus
plant. What makes this plant, which resembles a pair of hands holding
a bowl, attractive, is its charming red colour and, more importantly,
the sweet scent secreted by the glands surrounding its petals. The
fly is charmed by this irresistible smell and lands on the plant
without hesitation. While moving towards the origin of the food,
it inevitably touches the seemingly harmless hair over the plant.
After a short while, the plant suddenly snaps its petals shut. The
fly is left tightly compressed between two petals. The Venus plant
starts to secrete a "flesh dissolving" liquid, which causes the
fly to turn into a jelly-like substance, and then the plant consumes
the fly by absorbing it.
swiftness of the plant in catching the fly is remarkable. The speed
of the plant in closing is faster than the fastest closing speed
of the hands of a human (if you try to catch a fly sitting on your
palm, you most probably would not succeed, but the plant does).
How, then, can this plant, which has no muscles or bones, make such
an abrupt move?
Research has shown
that there exists an electrical system inside the Venus plant. The
system works as follows: the strokes of the fly on the hairs of
the plant are transmitted to the receptors under the hairs. If this
mechanical push is strong enough, these receptors will send electrical
signals along the petal, just like waves in a pool. These signals
are carried to the motor cells that cause the petals to make sudden
moves, and finally the mechanism is activated to swallow the fly.
A few hairs inside the petals of the plant activate the trapping
mechanism of the flower.
In addition to
the stimulus system of the plant, the mechanical system by which
the trap is closed also is created perfectly. As soon as the cells
inside the plant receive electrical stimulation, they change the
concentration of water within themselves. The cells inside the trap
release water from their bodies. This event is like the dying of
a deflated balloon. The cells outside the trap, on the other hand,
take in excess water and swell. Thus, the trap is closed in the
same way as when a person, in order to move his arm, needs to have
one muscle contract and one relax. The fly trapped inside the plant
actually touches the hairy strands repeatedly, causing the propulsive
electrical force to discharge again, and making the trap more tightly
closed. Meanwhile, the digestive glands in the trap are also activated.
As a result of stimulation, these glands kill the insect and start
slowly dissolving it. Thus, the plant feeds on digestive fluids
that have turned into a bowl of soup enriched by plant proteins.
At the end of the digestion, the mechanism that makes the trap close
works conversely to open it.
1- The fly makes the hairs vibrate and the reaction starts.
Electrical impulses caused by chemical reactions are transmitted
along the leaf.
And the plant catches the fly!
This system has
yet another interesting feature: in order to activate the trap,
the hairs have to be touched twice in succession. The first touch
generates a static electric charge but the trap is not closed. The
trap is only closed with a second touch after the static charge
reaches a certain point and discharges. Due to this dual action
mechanism, the flytrap is never closed without purpose. For instance,
the trap does not become activated as soon as a raindrop falls on
Now, let us contemplate
this striking system. The whole system has to exist at the same
time for the plant to catch its prey and digest it properly. The
absence of only one element would mean death for the plant. For
instance, if there were no hairs inside the leaf, the plant would
not close, as the reaction would never start although the insect
would walk all over and inside the plant. If the closing system
were there, but if the plant were devoid of secretions to digest
the insect, the whole system would be useless. In brief, any element
lacking in the system would mean the death of the plant.
This plant, since
the moment it was created, must have always possessed the features
we refer to here. The plant, no doubt, did not suddenly transform
into a hunter. It is certainly not the "magical spell of coincidences"
that has made the plant such a professional hunter.
The petals of this
plant are covered with long, red hairs. The tips of these hairs are
coated with a liquid, which has a special scent that attracts insects.
Another feature of this liquid is viscosity. An insect that aims at
the origin of the smell will become stuck in these viscous hairs.
As the insect struggles to escape, these tendrils start to bend down
to better grip the insect. The insect, which is fully arrested, is
digested in the protein breaking secretion. The active system of the
plant is similar to that of the Venus plant. The hairs on its top
and stem vibrate, and the electric signals that originate at the bottom
start the reaction.
The most important point is that this proficient hunter does not
have the capacity to think. If this living being were not a plant
but an animal, then the advocates of evolution would possibly claim
that the animal had progressed by itself with the estimable contributions
(!) of "nature". What we are talking about here is that this system
is found in a plant, a being with no brain or similar structure,
and which is certainly unconscious. The plant is not even aware
that it is hunting. It, too, is already created with a system by
which it can feed itself without any effort just like all other