The existence of plants is essential for the survival
of living things on the earth. For the importance of this sentence
to be fully grasped, we must ask: "What are the most important elements
for human life?" Of course, basic needs such as oxygen, water, and
nourishment come to mind as the answers to this question. And green
plants are the most important factor in ensuring the balance of
these basic needs on the earth. And there are other balances in
the world, of great importance to all living things, not just human
beings, such as temperature control and maintaining the correct
proportion of gases in the atmosphere, and again it is green plants
which maintain the entire equilibrium.
And the activities of green plants do not end there.
As is known, the main source of energy for life on earth is the
Sun. But human beings and animals are unable to make direct use
of solar energy, because their bodies lack the systems to use this
energy as it is. For this reason solar energy can reach human beings
and animals as usable energy only through the food produced by plants.
For example, while sipping tea, we are actually sipping solar energy,
and as we eat bread, we are munching solar energy. The strength
in our muscles is really nothing other than solar energy in a different
form. Plants store this form of energy for us in the molecules in
their bodies by carrying out complicated processes. The position
for animals is no different from that of human beings. They are
fed by plants, deriving solar energy from the plants' energy, which
they store in packets.
Plants being able to produce their own nutrition and
maintain themselves, in contrast to other living things, is due
to their cell structure, which enables them to employ solar energy
directly, unlike human or animal cells. With the help of this structure,
plant cells turn energy from the sun into energy which people and
animals can absorb through nutrition. They store this energy as
food through the special procesesses concealed in their structure.
These processes are collectively known as photosynthesis.
The necessary mechanism, or more accurately the miniature
factory, by means of which plants are able to carry out photosynthesis,
is found in their leaves. The transportation system, with its own
very special features, for carrying necessary materials such as
minerals and water, functions within plants' stems and roots. The
reproductive system too has been specially designed in every species
There are complex structures within each and every one
of these mechanisms. And these mechanisms function in connection
with one another. If one is missing, the others cannot carry out
their tasks. As an example let us take a plant which just lacks
a transport system. It is impossible for such a plant to carry out
photosynthesis, because the vessels necessary to carry the essential
water are missing. Even if the plant managed to produce food, it
would be unable to transport this to other parts of the body, and
would eventually die.
As in this example, all the systems present in a plant
are obliged to function flawlessly. Any flaws or defects in the
existing structure will mean that the plant cannot carry out its
functions, and this will result in the death of the plant and the
disappearance of the species.
The solar energy trapped by the chlorophyll in the leaf,
carbon-dioxide in the air, and water in the plant go
through various processes and are used to produce glucose
and oxygen. These complex processes do not take place
in a factory, but in special structures like those in
the leaf in the picture, and which measure only one
thousandth of a millimeter across.
When these structures are studied in detail and in depth
in the chapters that follow, a most complex and quite flawless design
will emerge. When the variety of plants in the world is considered
and evaluated, these extraordinary structures seem even more striking.
There are more than 500,000 types of plant in the world. And each
species possesses its own special planning within itself and features
particular to that species. Together with the same perfect basic
systems found in all of them, there is also an unparalleled diversity
in terms of reproductive systems, defence mechanisms, colour, and
design. The only unchanging thing in all this is the reality that
the parts of the plants (leaves, roots, stems) and many other mechanisms,
must exist at once and with no defects so that the general system,
the body, can function.
Modern scientists attribute to such systems an "irreducible
complexity." In the same way that a motor will not work if one of
its cogs is missing, in plants the absence of just one system, or
a single functional failure in any one of the parts of the system,
will lead to the death of the plant.
All of a plant's systems have this feature of irreducible
complexity. The complex systems, which must all be present at the
same time, and this unbelievable variety bring to mind the question:
"How did these perfect systems in plants emerge?"
Once again, let us ask some questions to find the answer
to this one. Let us think how the functioning of the most important
and best known of the mechanisms in plants, photosynthesis, and
the transport systems linked to it, came about.
Can the trees and flowers which we see all around us
at all times have themselves formed such perfect systems as to bring
about a phenomenon such as photosynthesis, some parts of which are
still not fully understood, in their own bodies? Did plants choose
to use carbon dioxide (CO2), of the gases in the air, to produce
food? Did they themselves determine the amount of CO2 they would
use? Could plants have designed those mechanisms which make up the
root system and which enable them to take the materials necessary
for photosynthesis from the soil? Did plants bring about a transport
system where different types of tubes are used for transporting
nutrients and water?
ever, defenders of the theory of evolution searching for an answer
to the question of how plants emerged have resorted to "chance"
as their only remedy. They have claimed that from one species of
plant which came about by chance, an infinite variety of plants
have emerged, again by chance, and that features such as smell,
taste, and colour, particular to each species, again came about
by chance. But they have been unable to give any scientific proof
of these claims. Evolutionists explain moss turning into a strawberry
plant, or a poplar, or a rose bush, by saying that conditions brought
about by chance differentiated them. Whereas when just one plant
cell is observed, a system so complex will be seen as could not
have come about by minute changes over time. This complex system
and other mechanisms in plants definitively disprove the coincidence
scenarios put forward as evolutionist logic. In this situation just
one result emerges.
Every structure in plants has been specially planned
and designed. And this shows us that there is a Superior Intelligence
which drew up this flawless plan. And the owner of this superior
intelligence, God, the Lord of all the worlds, shows proofs of His
flawless creation to human beings. God announces His dominion over
living creatures and His incomparable creation in this verse:
He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth.
That is God, your Lord. There is no deity but Him, the Creator of
everything. So worship Him. He is Responsible for everything. (Surat