“The Fanatical Rage”: Racism
Those who are disbelievers
filled their hearts with fanatical rage - the fanatical rage
of the Time of Ignorance - and Allah sent down serenity to
His Messenger and to the believers, and bound them to the
expression of taqwa which they had most right to and were
most entitled to. Allah has knowledge of all things.
(Surat al-Fath: 26)
The rage felt against other races is responsible for
the majority of conflicts, clashes and civil wars around the world.
In the cases of the aggressive attitude assumed by the white race
towards blacks, or the Nazi ideal of achieving a pure race and the
subsequent conflict with the Allies that claimed millions of lives
in recent history, or tribal clashes in Africa, we always encounter
one and the same factor: "fanatical rage."
This misunderstanding suggests that one particular race
is, either physically or mentally or both, superior to another and
that it is unnecessary for the superior one to have feelings of
mercy, compassion and respect for the other. The same rationale
in extreme cases deems even coexistence of these races as wrong.
This is, however, a ferocious approach since it further leads to
thinking that there is no reason for various nations to exist, thereby
making the elimination of "different" races compulsory.
the Qur'an, Allah declares that various nations and tribes exist
so that "people might come to know each other." The diversity of
nations, races, tribes and languages is a beauty peculiar to Allah's
creation. That one person incurs the anger of another because he
is shorter or has a darker skin is unacceptable. These peculiarities
are all the distinctive creation of Allah with countless beauties,
purposes and subtle secrets within them. A believer is well aware
that the only criteria for nobility is fear of Allah, as is made
clear in the following verse:
Mankind! We created you from a
male and female, and made you into peoples and tribes so that you
might come to know each other. The noblest among you in Allah's
sight is the one with the most taqwa of Allah. Allah is All-Knowing,
All-Aware. (Surat al-Hujurat: 13)
The pseudo-scientific roots of the racist misunderstanding,
which manifests so brutally, deserve special mention since they
are also the bases on which many of today's false ideologies are
founded. Materialism, communism and wild capitalism all have roots
in this pseudo-scientific basis from which they all derive power.
This pseudo-scientific foundation is the so-called theory
of evolution by Darwin. Some who have heard of "the theory of evolution"
might assume that it only concerns the field of biology. The theory
of evolution, however, represents more than this. Not merely a biological
concept, it is the underpinning of many philosophies that hold the
masses under their influence.
THE PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF RACISM
When Darwin first proposed his theory, scientists of
the period did not adopt it outright. Palaeontologists, in particular,
were aware that the theory was little more than a figment of the
imagination. Despite this, however, Darwin gained access to scientific
circles since the theory provided an unprecedented ideological foundation
for the powers prevalent in the 19th century.
As the idea of evolution spread fast - through the publication
of the book by Darwin, The Origin of Species - Europeans continued
to colonise continents and other civilisations in remote parts of
the world. European countries - England and France being the foremost
- concentrated their efforts, partially on South Asia and Latin
America and on the African continent as a whole. Meanwhile in North
America, the indigenous peoples were brutally slaughtered. In brief,
in the second half of the 19th century, western empires plundered
civilisations in other parts of the world. They seized power, to
which they were by no means entitled, in other countries by force
and terror and confiscated their natural resources. Yet, westerners
felt deeply the necessity of legitimising their illegitimate practices.
At this stage, Darwinism offered a great opportunity to imperialists.
With this theory, it became possible to provide a "so-called" scientific
foundation to the idea that the exploited people were simply "animal
Darwin made his views about the origins of human beings
clear in his book The Descent of Man published in 1871. In this
book, he boldly commented that man evolved from ape-like ancestors.
He went further and said that existing human races were located
at different rungs of the "evolutionary ladder", that the European
races were the most "advanced" of all, and that many other races
still bore "simian" features.
Darwin's theory had another significant dimension. Darwin
based the development of living beings, including human beings,
on the term "the struggle for survival." According to him, there
is a fierce struggle, a constant conflict, going on in nature. In
this struggle, the strong always defeat the weak and thus progress
Darwin maintained that this "struggle for survival" is
also true for human races. Even the sub-title in his book The Origin
of Species made his racist outlook apparent:
"The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,
or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle of Life."
According to Darwin, Europeans are the favoured race.
The native American peoples, Africans and all other races and nations,
on the other hand, constituted the primitive races who remained
behind in the process of evolution. According to this distorted
rationale, domesticating, enslaving and even killing these lower
races are legitimate just as it is legitimate to do the same to
apes or other animals. For the same reason, Darwin thought, their
property could also be confiscated. In his book, pertaining to lower
races, Darwin stated the following:
At some future period, not very distant
as measured by centuries, the civilized races of man will almost
certainly exterminate and replace the savage races throughout the
world. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes… will no doubt
be exterminated. The break between man and his nearest allies will
then be wider.16
As these statements show, Darwin was clearly a racist.
He believed that Europeans are superior to other nations and thus
entitled to enslave and annihilate them.
This theory, which was an adaptation of the theory of
evolution to societies, is called Social Darwinism. It laid the
major ground for legitimising both imperialism and racism. One of
the countries where Social Darwinism was warmly embraced was Germany.
THE NAZIS AND DARWINISM
It is not a coincidence that Neo-Nazis are inspired by
the theory of evolution of Darwin since, from the day it was conceived,
Darwinism has always been an inseparable part of Nazi ideology.
Nazism was born in defeated Germany after the First World
War. One of the founders and the leader of the German Nazi Party,
Adolph Hitler, was an ambitious and aggressive man who based part
of his outlook on life on racism. Hitler firmly believed in the
superiority of the Aryan "master race" and that this was the race
that would lead all other nations. Hitler devoted himself to the
establishment of a pan-Germanic "Third Reich," which would last
a thousand years. The scientific basis of the racist theories of
Hitler was Darwin's theory of evolution.
Hitler was deeply influenced by Heinrich von Treitcshke,
the German racist historian who also developed his racist views
under the influence of Darwin's theory of evolution. He held that
nations could only have progress through fierce competition similar
to the "struggle for survival" proposed by Darwin. The following
words of Treitcshke reveal his stance towards other races.
The yellow races have no understanding
of artistic ability and political freedom. It is the destiny of
the black races to serve the whites and to be the target of the
whites' loathing for all eternity…17
of the book Mein Kampf, was an inspiration Hitler
derived from Darwin's idea of struggle for survival.
Hitler drew inspiration from Darwin's idea of struggle
for survival while formulating his theories. The name of his famous
book Mein Kampf, was an inspiration Hitler derived from Darwin's
idea of struggle for survival. Hitler shared Darwin's views about
races and, just like him, considered non-European races to be ape-like
Take away the Nordic Germans and nothing
remains but the dance of apes.18
The evolutionist views of the Nazis led to their adoption
of part of the concept of "eugenics", which means "the science of
improving the (esp. human) population by controlled breeding for
desirable inherited characteristics." However, the Nazis are remembered
more for the concept, prevalent throughout Europe at the time even
in so-called liberal societies such as Sweden, that this was best
achieved by preventing the disabled and mentally from mating, if
necessary by sterilisation. Darwinists, as one would assume, proposed
the theory: Leonard Darwin, the son of Charles Darwin and his cousin
In Germany, Earnst Haeckel, the renowned evolutionist
biologist became the first adherent and propagator of "eugenics."
Haeckel, a close friend of Darwin, continuously provided him with
views, one of them speeding up the process of evolution by killing
disabled babies. Another idea of Haeckel's was painlessly killing
patients suffering from leprosy and cancer, as well as the mentally
disturbed. Otherwise, he thought, these people would continue to
be a burden on society.
The perverted belief that humanity
would improve through clashes and violence became the
source of other ideologies. For instance, Benito Mussolini
evoked Darwinist concepts in his efforts to found fascist
Italy. He evaluated the invasion of Ethiopia in terms
of the racial hierarchy proposed by Darwinism.
The camp of Italian troops in Ethiopia.
After Hitler took power, he incorporated these views
of Haeckel's into official policy, which resulted in the immediate
internment in special centres of the mentally disturbed, the disabled,
the blind and those having inherited diseases. From this distorted
point of view, these people were considered the factors "polluting"
the purity of the Aryan race and hindering its "so-called" evolutionary
progress. After keeping these categories of men isolated from society
for a while, Nazis arrogated to themselves the right to murder them
secretly upon a confidential order by Hitler.
After its defeat in World War II, the "Third Reich" became
history, leaving behind millions of innocent but devastated people.
Yet, Social Darwinism, which provided the basis for Nazi ideology,
Many people are familiar with what has been related so
far. However, the fact remains that very few are they who realise
that these historic events have ongoing repercussions. The violent
and merciless execution of people because of their mental or physical
state reveals the sick and perverted spirit of its perpetrators.
Disbelief accounts for sick and perverted spirits. As long as disbelief
prevails, one can expect all forms of abnormal, merciless and perverted
behaviour. The existence of millions of adherents led astray by
these sick-minded people is another token of disbelief.
A person who fears Allah and puts his trust in Him, knows
that He is the All-Mighty, and never tends to cruelty and perversity.
Furthermore, he also courageously and zealously endeavours to save
other people from enslavement to tyrants, and to show them the right
path and warn them. For instance, the prophet Musa, peace be upon
him, struggled alone against Pharaoh, who had the same racist and
cruel dictatorial mentality as Hitler and Mussolini, and he saved
the Children of Israel from his brutal rule. What made the prophet
Musa so courageous was simply his profound faith in Allah and the
values and conscience his faith provided him. The way Musa addressed
Pharaoh shows clearly his faith in Allah and the way he put his
trust in Him:
And then, after them, We sent Musa
with Our Signs to Pharaoh and his ruling circle but they wrongfully
rejected them. See the final fate of the corrupters! Musa said,
'Pharaoh! I am truly a Messenger from the Lord of all the worlds,
duty bound to say nothing about Allah except the truth. I have come
to you with a Clear Sign from your Lord. So send the tribe of Israel
away with me.' (Surat al-A'raf: 103-105)
THE TREATMENT THE DISABLED
In the early 1900's, world-wide propaganda was
launched. This propaganda, initiated by Ernst Haeckel an evolutionist
biologist, aimed to speed up the so-called evolutionary process
of societies. According to Haeckel, the immediate killing
of disabled children at birth would ensure the rapid evolution
of the race. Haeckel went even further to say that the disabled,
cancerous patients and the mentally disturbed should also
be executed secretly since their existence was a major burden
to society. Consequently, he asserted, they are a hindrance
to the evolutionary process of societies. One contemporary
repercussion of these views backed by the Darwinian notion
of "struggle for survival" is the way the disabled are treated
in the society.
many countries, the disabled are subject to separate treatment.
However, everyone deserves due love and respect and this fact
does not change when one or two organs of a person are impaired
or he is not endowed with a whole body. What makes a human
being a person is the way he carries himself in his character,
his fear of Allah and his meticulousness in complying with
the commands of Allah. Allah relieves the disabled of their
responsibilities and holds them responsible only for obedience
and virtuous conduct. One needs to approach these slaves of
Allah with compassion and understanding, for Allah feels compassion
for them and grants them ease in their servitude to Him.
is no constraint on the blind, nor on the lame, nor on the
sick. We will admit all who obey Allah and His Messenger into
Gardens with rivers flowing under them. But We will punish
with a painful punishment anyone who turns his back. (Surat
In many societies, disabled children are isolated
from society. (Above) A disabled child with his hands tied.
THE YEARS OF VIOLENCE "RACISM" BROUGHT
TO THE AFRICA CONTINENT
For long years, the African continent has been afflicted
with clashes, wars, starvation and misery.Due to conflicts of interests
arising from non-adherence to the just religion and following unrighteous
beliefs, strife is continual in the region.
Mobutu paid $12,000 to each of his ministers while a
teacher made only $8 a month. His personal fortune,
excluding his real estate, was about $5,000,000.
Until the 1950s, the people of this continent suffered
from all the forms of violence and racist policies the imperialist
countries imposed. In the 50s, throughout the continent, there were
only four officially independent countries. This figure soared to
thirty in 1962. Finally in 1972, with a few exceptions, the continent
had become independent. However, especially for the public, independence
was merely a façade, since the former imperialist powers were simply
replaced by authoritarian, repressive and cruel dictators all of
whom maintained close links with the former imperialist powers,
namely the western countries of today. Therefore, independence did
not bring freedom to these countries but rather made them suffer
greater poverty and violence under even more repressive regimes
than the colonialist ones. Under these circumstances, people united
to fight against the dictatorial regimes. Meanwhile, the dictators
provoked some of the ethnic groups, destabilised their respective
countries and took advantage of this disorder.
In Zaire, a war between two of its tribes, the Hutus
and Tutsis, is a typical example of the clashes taking place between
races in the 20th century. The two tribes became involved in this
war in the spring of 1997. The effect of the clashes extended over
a region comprising five countries including Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda,
Burundi and Tanzania.
In Zaire, the dimensions of the corruption are beyond our
imagination. Even aid provided to the hunger-stricken people
was sold to buy weapons.
The Hutu refugees, fleeing from the conflicts between Zairian
government forces and Tutsis, a conflict that also spread
to neighbouring countries, took refuge in other countries.
This immigration was great human tragedy.
In 1994, fighting between Tutsis, a tribe with strong links
to British culture inherited from the colonial period, and
Hutus cost some 500,000 lives of Tutsis. In 1996, Hutus fled
to Rwanda from the repression of the despotic Zairian rulers
and the massacres of Tutsis. Refugees in need of a slice of
bread were unaware of the dangers awaiting them on their way
In this region riddled with corruption, the independence
of 1960 hardly brought any relief from the political pressure of
the imperial western states. Joseph Mobutu, backed by the US, seized
power in 1964 and made all the natural resources of his country
available to America. Hardly devising anything to contribute to
the welfare of his people, Mobutu merely accumulated a personal
fortune over the years and resorted to despotic measures to suppress
the demands of his people. At a time when the inflation rate in
the country tended to a peak value of 6000%, great clashes broke
out between the two dominant tribes of the region. This tribal war
resulted in a major genocide which left behind nearly a half million
dead. Thousands of immigrants underwent gruesome ordeals in the
forests, and ultimately the majority lost their lives of hunger
and epidemics. Innocent people were slaughtered. Merely because
they were from a different tribe, even babies and very young children
to malnutrition, more than one third of the population of
Zaire is dying, while many children suffer from permanent
brain damage. A total population of thirty million people,
half of them children, live in hunger in mud huts.
For three years, four hundred thousand refugees
resisted death in the primitive refugee camps on Zaire border.
Hunger has become a part of daily life with the recent cholera
threat adding more to the misery of life in these refugee
camps. No aid is provided to these destitute people and, if
there is any, it is confiscated by soldiers.
Meanwhile, one cannot imagine Hutus and Tutsis,
two tribes who brutally killed one another, peacefully sharing
the incoming aid. A minimum of ten babies died in Goma, a
city of Zaire, alone every hour because medical aid was confiscated.
The wars between races, namely the "fanatical rage" mentioned
in the Qur'an, often end with haunting scenes of massacre. Allah,
in the Qur'an draws our attention to the "fanatical rage" of ignorant
people as follows:
Those who are disbelievers filled
their hearts with fanatical rage - the fanatical rage of the Time
of Ignorance - and Allah sent down serenity to His Messenger and
to the believers, and bound them to the expression of taqwa of Allah
which they had most right to and were most entitled to. Allah has
knowledge of all things. (Surat al-Fath: 26)
Whether in Africa or in other corners of the world, racist
movements have exposed this dark expression of disbelief. To remove
it outright is only possible by living by the principles of the
right religion and making others obey them.