There are hundreds of species of spiders in the world.
These small animals can appear to us sometimes as a construction
engineer capable of performing calculations for building its nest,
sometimes as an interior designer making complicated plans, sometimes
a chemist making incredibly strong and flexible threads, deadly
venoms, and dissolving acids, and sometimes as a hunter using the
most cunning tactics.
But they have adopted gods apart
from Him which do not create anything but are themselves created.
They have no power to harm or help themselves. They have no
power over death or life or resurrection.
(Surat al-Furqan: 3)
Despite their numerous superior characteristics, nobody
in his daily life even bothers to think what special creations spiders
are. According to this underestimation there is nothing surprising
in the existence of spiders, nor in that of anything else. But this
is a completely mistaken way of thinking. Because, as we begin to
learn more about spiders, as about the behaviour of all creatures,
examining for example their methods of hunting, reproducing, and
defending themselves, we find ourselves face-to-face with characteristics
that fill us with awe.
In nature all living things adopt behaviour patterns
that require intelligence in order to live their lives. These behaviour
patterns, that underlie skills, proficiencies and superior planning
capabilities, have one thing in common. Each and every one necessarily
requires ability. Skills that a human being can master only by learning,
and gaining proficiency and experience, already exist in these living
creatures from the moment they are born. The later parts of this
book consist of questions which need to be answered: how these abilities,
which will be described in some detail, came about, and how living
creatures learned them. These living things, acting in accordance
with such highly intelligent blueprints, hunting with such calculation,
and when necessary, behaving like chemical engineers, knowing what
material to produce in a particular situation, really baffle scientists
who study them. So much so that even evolutionist scientists admit
that the cleverest living creatures have characteristics necessitating
intelligence. Scientist Richard Dawkins, despite the fact that he
is an evolutionist, describes spiders' behaviour in this way in
his book, Climbing Mount Improbable:
On our route we shall have
occasion to look at spider webs - at the bewildering, though unconscious,
ingenuity with which they are made and how they work.1
Actually, saying these, Dawkins comes up against such
questions as "how the animals' conscious and intelligent behaviour
emerged, and what its source was," which cannot be explained
in any way by the theory of evolution. Really, questions such as
"How do living creatures come to possess this intelligence,
and how do they learn where to apply it?" are ones to which
the defenders of the theory of evolution are unable to supply open
and definitive answers.
At this point an examination of the arguments the evolutionists
use to try to answer the question of conscious and intelligent behaviour
in animals will be appropriate. Let us do this by explaining the
real meaning of a term which evolutionists use in their claims.
Evolutionists searching for an answer to the question
of "how living creatures came to have purposeful behaviour"
use "instinct" to try to shed light on the matter. But
they are in no way successful. This can be clearly seen by a more
thorough appreciation of the concept of "instinct." Evolutionists
say that animals engage in such things as devotion, planning, tactics
or behaviour requiring special abilities, which require consciousness
and intelligence, thanks to "instinct." But, of course,
evolutionists' just saying this is not sufficient. In addition to
making this claim, they also have to provide answers to such questions
as how this behaviour first came about, how it was passed down the
generations, and how the concept of "instinct" managed
to give living creatures consciousness and intelligence. However,
evolutionists have absolutely no answers to these questions. Gordon
Rattray Taylor is an evolutionist expert in genetics. He has this
to say about instincts:
When we ask ourselves how
an instinctive pattern of behaviour arose in the first place and
became hereditarily fixed we are given no answer. 2
Other evolutionists say that all living creatures'
behaviour is founded not on instinct but on their genetic programming.
But in that case they have to explain who wrote the programme and
installed it in living creatures. But evolutionists are unable to
do this. Despite being the originator of the theory, Charles Darwin
admits their dilemma in the following words:
So wonderful an instinct as that
of the hive-bee making its cells will probably have occurred to
many readers, as a difficulty sufficient to overthrow my whole
As the above makes quite clear, a concept such as "instinct"
is absolutely insufficient to shed light on living creatures' conscious
behaviour. Of course there is a power that programmes living creatures
and teaches them what to do. But this is not a result of "Mother
Nature" as it is called, nor of the living creature itself,
which will defend its young at the cost of its own life, or which
will go back to deceive the enemy with various tactics in order
to save the life of another member of its own group.
The power which gives them all these characteristics,
which creates their intelligent behaviour and purposeful movements,
belongs to God. God is the only lord of that intelligence which
we witness in living creatures in countless examples in nature.
It is God Who inspires living creatures to do what they do.
It is impossible to explain the behaviour of any living
creature by coincidence, or by any other mechanism or interesting
concept. No such claim can be any more than a deception. All this
is revealed in one of His verses:
Say: 'Have you ever seen your associates whom you
appeal to instead of to God? Show me what they have created of the
earth; or do they have a partnership in the heavens?' Have We given
them a Book whose Clear Signs they follow? No indeed! The wrongdoers
promise each other nothing but delusion. (Surah Fatir: 40)
The living creature which is the subject of this book,
the spider, its behaviour patterns and the flawless mechanisms it
possesses, is one of those that give the lie to the theory of evolution,
or, to put it more robustly, "destroy the theory of evolution."
The pages that follow will demonstrate one of the countless miracles
of God's creation, the spider. At the same time they will once again
set forth how the theory of evolution, which relies totally on coincidences,
has fallen into impotence and ridicule.
1. Richard Dawkins, Climbing
Mount Improbable, W.W. Norton & Company,1996, p. 4
2.Gordon Rattray Taylor, The Great Evolution Mystery,
Harper and Row Publishers, 1983, p.222
3. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species: A Facsimile
of the First Edition, Harvard University Press, 1964, p. 233