The Characteristics of the Jumping
In contrast to many species of spider which spin
webs and wait, the ju
mping spider prefers to attack its prey itself
by—as the name suggests—jumping on its prey. The spider is so expert
at doing this
that it can catch a flying insect from more than
half a metre away.
And in your creation and all the
creatures He has spread about there are Signs for people
(Surat al-Jathiyya: 4)
Jumping spiders have been created powerful enough to hunt
creatures larger than themselves.
The spider can use this amazing technique thanks
to the power of hydraulic pressure in its eight legs. At the end
of the attack, it suddenly descends on its prey and digs its strong
fangs into it. The leap usually takes place between plants in overgrown
areas. To do this successfully the spider has to calculate the appropriate
angle, together with the victim's speed and direction.
Even more interesting is how the spider manages
to avoid being killed after it catches its prey. The spider risks
death, because in order to catch its prey, it naturally has to hurl
itself into the air. So it could crash back to the ground from this
distance (generally from the top of a tree). But the spider avoids
this hazard by tethering itself by the thread it spins to the branch
it is perched on just before jumping. This stops it from falling
and enables it to hang in the air. The thread is strong enough to
bear both its own weight, and that of the prey it has caught.
Mission: Locate and Lock on Target
The ability of the jumping spider's
eyes to see independently of the others enables bodies to
be perceived more quickly. This capacity, proof of God's great
knowledge, makes the jumping spider a master hunter.
The other physical characteristics
of this expert jumping spider species are also impeccable. Two of
the eyes in the middle of its head are extended forward like binoculars.
These two large eyes can move left and right and up and down in
their sockets. Thanks to their retinas of four tiers, which are
sensitive to green and ultraviolet wavelengths, the spider's eyes
give it excellent distance vision. The other four eyes on the side
of its head do not see with the same clarity, but they can sense
any movement around them. In this way the animal can easily perceive
prey or an enemy behind it.13
Let us think about what we have learned about
the jumping spider so far. Its bodily construction is such as to
enable it to make swift moves, and catch its prey with one jump.
In the same way its eyes allow it to see its prey from any direction.
Naturally, the spider did not think that these
extra eyes might be useful to it and then make them. And these eyes
did not come about by chance. The animal was created, together with
its characteristics, by God. The theory of evolution, which cannot
explain how even one eye came into existence, is unable to make
any comment concerning the jumping spider's eight eyes and the perfect
coordination between them.
A Perfect Camouflage Technique in Every Way
If you are asked what you can see in the top
right-hand picture, you will naturally say "A few ants on and
under a leaf." But the thing waiting beneath the leaf in the
picture is not an ant. It is a type of jumping spider known as Myrmarachne.
The only way of telling the spider from the ants is by the number
of its legs. Because spiders have eight legs and ants six.
This jumping spider, Mopsus mormon, can comfortably catch
prey up to five times its own size, because it has large and
powerful jaws. When the spider is not using its large, black
jaws for hunting, it folds them up inside its mouth, enabling
it to move around with ease. Thanks to its powerful jaws,
Mopsus is able to deal with mice, and even snakes.
How is the jumping spider able
to deceive the ants? Its does so not just by resembling them in
appearance, but also by mimicking their behaviour. For example,
in order to disguise the number of its legs, the jumping spider
holds up its front pair of legs to simulate the ant's waving antennae.14
In this way they resemble the ants' antennae. At this point we have
to stop and think: this means the spider is able to count. The spider
has first counted the number of its own legs and those of the ants,
and then compared the two. Seeing the difference, it understood
that it would have to get rid of them, and in a most conscious manner
it made its own extra legs resemble antennae.
Thanks to its flat body, this New Zealand spider can easily
camouflage itself between leaves. The Portia spider has two
features which distinguish it from other jumping spiders.
The first is its web-spinning, the second its ogre-face. This
appearance gives the spider an advantage over its enemies.
There are several points to be borne in mind
here. First of all, the spider is physically a completely different
creature from the ant. For the spider to look like an ant, it is
not enough for it to stick its legs up in the air. It also has to
copy the ants' walk and body position. To do this it has to be an
expert observer and also be expert at portraying what it sees, like
an actor playing a role.
As we have seen, the spider uses methods of imitation,
which require thinking, putting its thoughts into action, and realising
the necessary physical transformations as it does so. No thinking,
intelligent person will find it hard to see that the spider cannot
do all this. For one thing, the spider's brain is not capable of
that kind of thinking. So, what is the source of the spider's abilities?
But before coming to any conclusion, it will be useful to examine
some other qualities necessary for the disguise to be complete.
Jumping spiders' imitations of ants are so perfect that
other jumping spiders mistake them for real ants and try to
The spider's disguise consists
of more than just the above. In order to look like an ant it needs
to hide its eyes, which are not single large points, like the ants'
are. But a characteristic of the spider has resolved this problem.
Two dark spots on the spider's sides mimic the weaver ant's large
compound eyes. 15
Let us stop and think. The spider cannot know
about the two spots on either side of its head. It is hardly intelligent
to talk about a situation where a spider knows about something and
consciously develops a strategy from it. In that case, how did the
spider, which lives on ants and mimics them, come by the counterfeit
eyes on the side of its head? How did the spider manage to "learn,"
"count," and "mimic?"
The spiders use their colours to camouflage themselves.
This jumping spider was created with the same colours and
patterns as the ground. It waits until a moth, which cannot
see it because of its colour, comes by, and then jumps on
What would have happened if it had not had those
false eyes? In that case, no matter how good a mimic the spider
was, the ants would identify it. If the ants realised the danger
and reacted before the spider did, then that would be the end of
the spider. The ants would kill the spider with their powerful jaws.
As is obvious, it is not enough for the spider to mimic ants, it
also has to have those false eyes from birth for the disguise to
These are a few of the characteristics which
the spider needs to survive. Should one of them be lacking, the
jumping spider would soon die. In this case it is impossible to
say that the spider came by its characteristics by coincidence.
The spider came into possession of all of them at the same time.
God has created every living thing in a perfect form, together with
every characteristic it will need.
Sometimes jumping spiders even hunt each other. The interesting
thing is how they do this by imitating other species of spider.
Phyaces comosus is a perfect pantomime artist, sneaking up
to other spiders' nests and devouring their eggs . The 2 millimetre
long Phyaces looks like a barely animated piece of dirt. It
makes use of this resemblance to put up quite a show. Mimicking
a piece of dirt rolling in the wind, it gradually approaches
the nest which is its target. It plays its role so well that
even the mother spider standing guard at the entrance to the
nest entertains no suspicion of it. When the spider has got
close to the eggs, it suddenly attacks, grabs an egg and begins
to eat it. In addition, the Phyaces' body is covered in very
thick hairs. These give it important protection. When Phyaces
fall out among themselves, they lift their legs and try to
frighten their rival by showing the shiny hairs under their
bodies. It is God Who gave this species of spider all its
features. God is the incomparable Creator. He is aware of
Some of the features which enable the
mopsus mormon to easily catch prey larger than itself are
its strong legs and lethal jaws. The spider (left) has caught
a damselfly, much larger than itself, by jumping on its neck,
its weakest spot.
Jumping spiders are very successful hunters, to the point
of even catching praying mantises, known as the most savage
creatures in the insect world. Of course, sometimes they too
fall prey to the mantis.
The male of the Myrmarachne
plataleoides spider has a most interesting appearance. The males
of this species have a long "nose". When the spider catches
its prey, or if it is in danger of attack, he splits the "nose"
and unfolds the haves into jaws with unsheathed fangs at each tip.16
The spider can then use these very long, sharp extensions like swords.
Mymarachne plataleoides spiders fight
with their own species, using their long fangs like swords.
When attacked, the spider splits the "nose" and unfolds
the halves into jaws.
The Devotion of the Jumping Spider
As soon as it is born, every young spider has the ability
to make webs, because it is created with a body made for web-building
and with the skill and knowledge of how a web is built.
The jumping spider carries
its newly born young on its back for a time. In this way it can
both meet their needs and protect them better.17
The spider, which is a pitiless death machine to its enemies, behaves
at the same time most affectionately to its offspring. This is a
situation which poses many questions for the evolutionists, who
claim that there is a struggle for life between living creatures
in nature and that only the fittest can survive. But when we examine
living creatures in nature, we come across examples in direct opposition
to the evolutionists' claims. There are obvious examples of devotion
between creatures of both the same and different species. This fact
of animals sacrificing themselves for other living creatures, or
of risking death for their young, puts evolutionists into an impasse
when they look at nature. One scientific magazine describes the
position as follows:
The question is why living
things help each other. According to Darwin's theory, every living
thing is in a constant state of war to preserve its own life and
to reproduce itself. Since helping others will decrease the chances
of its own survival, this behaviour pattern should have died out
in the long term. Whereas it is seen that living things can be
To protect its young, the jumping spider carries them on
its back for a while.
It is obvious that it is impossible to explain
mother animals' love for their offspring by any evolutionary mechanism.
This is such a definite fact that many evolutionists, such as Cemal
Yildirim, have had to admit it:
Is there any possibility of
explaining love for offspring by any "blind" system that
does not include emotional factors (natural selection)? It is certainly
difficult to say that biologists, and Darwinists, have been able
to give any satisfying response to this question.19
Of course it is not possible to explain the concepts
of love, compassion and the desire to protect in terms of any "blind"
system. Because it is God who inspires all behaviour in animals,
which lack consciousness and intelligence. It is not possible for
any animal, of its own accord, to demonstrate sacrifice, to prepare
plans, or indeed to do anything else. It is God who controls everything.
13- National Geography, All
Eyes on Jumping Spiders, September 1991, pp. 43-64
14- Natural History, Samurai Spiders, 3/95, p. 45
15- Natural History, Samurai Spiders, 3/95, p. 45
16- National Geography, All Eyes on Jumping Spiders,
September 1991, p. 51
17- Karl Von Frisch, Ten Little Housemates, Pergamon
Press, London, 1960, p. 110
18- Bilim ve Teknik Dergisi (Journal of Science and
Technology), no. 190, p. 4
19- Cemal Yildirim, Evrim Kurami ve Bagnazlik (The
Theory of Evolution and Bigotry), Bilgi Yayinlari, p.195