The Miracle of Creation
Some species of spider can catch frogs, rabbits, and
even birds with their powerful poisons and special fangs.
One Example of Perfect Creation
We know that spiders are "engineers," making
webs, those wonders of architecture and engineering. They are also
killing machines, preparing mechanical traps, capable of building
nests under water, hunting their prey with lassoos from their webs,
capable of giving off chemical poisons, holding on to a thread and
jumping from hundreds of times their own height, creating threads
stronger than steel within their own bodies, and camouflaging themselves
for hunting. We come across further miracles when we examine the
structure of their bodies, alongside the properties they possess.
For a spider to build a web like the one on the left, there
must be combs functioning like a weaving factory, a laboratory
producing chemical materials, and many more complex organs in
its body. Spiders, which have all of these, without exception,
and the relevant characteristics, give the lie to the claims
of evolution and bear witness to God's perfect creation.
Spiders are very sensitive to vibrations on their webs. The
female Black widow spider is able to tell whether the source
of the vibrations on its web is an insect caught on it, or
a male coming to mate
There are many features in all spiders' bodies bearing
witness to their having been created, such as combs working like
a weaving factory, laboratories making chemical products, organs
producing very strong digestive properties, senses capable of perceiving
the slightest vibration, strong fangs capable of injecting venom,
and so on. Considering all of these properties, the spider gives
the lie to the theory of evolution and once again destroys such
a derisory hypothesis as coincidence.
Let us examine the organs in the spider and their features.
The spider's body is composed basically of two parts,
the combined head and thorax (cephalothorax), and the abdomen. The
head and thorax have eight eyes, eight legs, two venom fangs and
two feelers. At the tip, the soft and elastic abdomen are spinnerets
and holes for breathing systems. The cephalothorax and the abdomen
are joined by a small stalk called the "pedicel." No other
living creature's waist is as thin as the spider's. Through this
narrower than 1mm stalk pass the digestive tract, veins, windpipe,
and nervous system. To put it more generally, there is a special
linear system joining the two halves of the spider's body. These
lines form a link between the splendid mechanisms within the structure
of the spider's body (venom glands,silk-producing glands, the whole
body's nervous system, breathing and circulation systems) and the
An enlarged photograph of the sensitive hairs on the spider's
The spider has four pairs of legs enabling it to walk
and climb even under the most difficult conditions. Each leg consists
of seven parts. At the end of each leg are hairs called "scopula."
Thanks to these the spider is able to walk on walls or even upside
The special construction of spiders' legs does not
stop with allowing it to walk on non-flat surfaces. Despite the
fact that their eyes do not see well, the spiders' ability to move
about comfortably at night is due to the construction of their legs.
Some species of spider can only sense light, or in other words possess
only 10 percent of the sight of a human being. But despite this,
spiders spin their webs at night and move about easily on them at
the same time.
Spiders move about without treading on the sticky parts
of the web, only the dry parts. They owe the fact that they are
able to escape without getting caught, on the rare occasions that
they tread on the sticky parts, to the fact that their feet are
coated with a special liquid from their glands. The ends of the
combs are known as spinnerets, each of which is covered with hundreds
of spigots. The liquid silk produced by the glands in its abdomen
is pushed out of the body by these nozzles and then spun in the
form of silk.
Superior Sensory Capabilities
One of the spiders known for the most effective use of
the vibration-transmitting properties of its web is the monkey
spider, or funnel-web spider
With the exception of jumping spiders, most spiders
have rather poor sight, and can only see for short distances. This
disability, which might be a great disadvantage for a hunter, is
compensated for by the spider's particularly sensitive early warning
This warning system is based upon the sense of touch.
The body is covered with hairs which are very sensitive to vibration.
Each one of these hairs is attached to a nerve ending. Vibrations
resulting from touch, or even sound and smell, stimulate these hairs.
The trembling of the hairs activates the nerve endings. The nerves
then rapidly transmit the message to the brain. In this way spiders
become aware of even the smallest vibration.
Spiders cannot perceive motionless prey, but by deciphering
the vibrations given off by living things, they can work out where
the insects are on the web. If the spider is not entirely certain
where on the web the insect is, it establishes where the insect
has landed by putting its legs on the web, tapping it and making
it sway. From the resulting vibrations it can then locate its prey.
The spider's legs are the organs best endowed with
these sensory hairs. The hairs are hollow, and of rigid construction.
The animal can sense the origin of the vibrations emanating from
a source of noise up to a metre away. Furthermore, there is another
sensory system sensitive to temperature in the hairs on its legs.
Then there are bald spots on the surface of its body with enormously
sensitive nerve endings inside. On account of all these properties,
spiders can sense any movement going on around them or the approach
of any body, even on their own skin.
If a spider loses a leg, it grows a replacement a while
later. The new leg will be shorter than the original one. The spider
will not use this leg, which does not even touch the ground, for
walking. In fact, the spider can walk quite comfortably with only
half its original complement of legs, namely four. The only reason
for another leg to grow, albeit a short one,is that the spider has
need of the sensory hairs on it.
|By day this tarantula lives in
the sleeping bag-shaped web it has spun. At night it leaves
the web which camouflages it and goes hunting.
||The body of the tarantula is covered
in hairs which work like an early warning system. These hairs
are so sensitive that they can even perceive vibrations in the
air set up by sound.
Spiders' sensitivity to vibrations on their webs is
so well developed that they can tell whether the source is prey
caught on the web or a male spider coming to mate.
When their shells become too narrow for their growing bodies,
so tarantulas have to get rid of them. Adult tarantulas grow
out of their rigid skin about once a year, rolling over and
struggling for hours, like a hand trying to wriggle free of
a tight-fitting glove. When the shell-shedding process is
completed, the spider is renewed together with all its systems
and has a new shell with the same properties as the old one.
Until a few years ago, it was thought
that webs, because of their elastic construction, could not transmit
vibrations. But research, using the newly developed machines called
the "Doppler Laser Vibrometry," shows that the situation
is quite the opposite. It is now known that webs conduct vibrations,
despite their elastic construction, and that they increase the level
of the vibration.32 However, no scientific
reason for this has yet been discovered.
The spider can very clearly perceive any kind of warning,
from a tiny sound wave to vibrations on its web. This extremely
useful early warning system which passes over the web, is a mechanism
having the most useful characteristics from the point of view of
the spider. If we consider the fact that each one of the thousands
of hairs on the spider's body is attached to a nerve ending and
thence to the brain and that the spider can rapidly evaluate the
warning signals it receives, the complexity of the system will become
The spider has two powerful fangs in front of its eyes.
These fangs are weapons the spider uses for hunting and for protection.
Behind each fang is a venom gland which pours its lethal poison
into a poison hook. When the spider wishes to immobilise its prey,
it sinks its fangs into it. Then it pumps venom into its victim's
body through holes in its fangs.
Spiders also use these fearsome, deadly tools for building
their nests and carrying small objects. To the side of the fangs
are two extensions, instead of antennae, called pedipalps (feelers).
The spider uses these to examine the victim it has caught in its
The spider's fangs
As we have seen, spiders' sensory systems are of a
very special design. It is clear that this system invalidates the
claim of the theory evolution of development over time. Alongside
this, it is impossible to explain the existence of systems whereby
the spider produces lethal poison within its own body by coincidence.
The venom's chemical make-up allows it to kill insects.
In order that it should not harm the spider, the venom is stored
in a specially insulated area. In the same way the spider's fangs
are extremely functional. The venom-pumping mechanisms being located
inside the tissue-cutting fangs allows the transfer of the venom
into the victim. In this way the fangs work like a chemical, as
well as a physical weapon. This demonstrates once again that every
part of the spider's body has special planning, which cannot be
explained by coincidences, mutations, or any other imaginary evolutionary
The spider, together with all its properties, was created
by God. All these properties are evidence for us of God's art.
Paralysing the Prey and Digestion
The spider completely wraps the animals which get caught
in the web in another thread, which it produces after they become
well stuck to the web. Then it takes the prey in its fangs and fills
it full of venom, killing it.
5 Defence System
With a flick of a hind leg, tarantulas defend themselves
by launching tiny hairs bristling with microscopic barbs.
Once imbedded in the attacker's skin or eyes, the barbs
cause a maddening itch that can persist for months.
4 Early Warning System
Sensitive to the slightest vibration or wind, pivoting
hair follicles on the tarantula's feet and lower legs
alert it to approaching danger. Thanks to this feature
the tarantula is able to be aware of everything going
on around it. This warning system is vital, because
it is the only way the spider, which is practically
blind, can perceive the world around it.
3 Little Cat's Feet
Flanked by protective tufts, needle-sharp retractable
claws enable tarantulas to climb walls. Underneath,
velvety pads of hair cushion the weight of the spider
- and create eight buoyant pontoons that enable some
tarantulas to walk on water.
|1 Venomous Message
Hollow fangs deliver venom produced in adjacent tiny bulbs.
This poison is powerful enough to be able to kill animals
such as birds, lizards, and rabbits.
2 Male Delivery System
Male tarantulas are equipped with specialized palps,
hook-shaped appendages on the short feeding arms near
the mouth. When ready to mate, males weave a web and
deposit a drop of sperm on it. The sperm is then drawn
up into the bulb-shaped tips of the palps, which deposit
it into the female.
Spiders can resist hunger for long periods of time. For
example, the life-span of the wolf spider is about 305 days.
It can spend 208 of these without eating anything. It is able
to resist hunger in this way by reducing its bodily metabolism
to 1/40. Following such a period the body-weight of the spider
that hunts can increase by up to double. This comes about
due to the fact that their bodies were created to adapt to
The spider can only digest liquids. Tiny particles
larger than one-thousandth of a millimetre are filtered out by hairs
around its mouth. So, it is necessary for the spider to liquefy
this creatures' tissues before it can digest them. For this reason
the spider pulls apart the insect's tissues with digestive enzymes.
Once the tissues have become fluid enough, it takes in the liquid
thanks to its very strong sucking system. For example, after killing
a bee, the Misumenoides Formosiges spider opens two holes, one in
its head or neck, the other in its abdomen. Then it sucks the juices
in the bee's body up through these holes.
The spider mixes the tissues it has sucked up with
the digestive juices in its body. When the force of vacuum in the
victim's body grows greater than the spider's sucking power, the
spider relaxes the sucking muscles around its stomach. This allows
some of the digestive juices within the spider's body to enter different
parts of the bee's body, where they dissolve the tissues there too.
Then the spider sucks through the other hole in its abdomen. The
rotation continues until the bee is completely emptied. Beyond simply
being a source of food for the spider, the bee's body becomes part
of the spider's digestive system, a temporary extension of it. Finally
the bee comes to resemble an empty egg shell; nothing remains of
it but a shell.
Insects are not spiders' only prey. Frogs, mice, fish,
snakes, or small birds can all fall victim to spiders. Spiders known
as "bird spiders" are even powerful enough to catch and
digest rabbits and chickens.
The Water-Walking Spider
Water spiders use the surface of the water like a web for
hunting, thanks to the waterproof nature of their feet. Every
living thing was created by God to possess the properties
Water-spiders possess a special structure allowing
them to walk on water. These spiders have a thick, velvety plait
consisting of hairs covered in a water-resistant wax on the ends
of their feet. This allows the spider to walk on water without sinking.
The spider's ability to remain on the surface of the water is so
high that, even if it were 25 times heavier than it is, it would
still comfortably be able to walk on the water.
While walking on the surface of the water, water-spiders
use their rear legs as rudders. Their middle legs enable them to
move, while the job of the shorter front legs is to catch their
prey. Water-spiders move so quickly that they can suddenly make
a leap of a metre on the surface of the water. This means they move
at the speed of a motor-boat.
When hunting, the water-spider uses the surface of
the water like a web. A dragonfly, fly, or butterfly which falls
on to the water as the result of a faulty manoeuvre becomes an ideal
prey for this species of spider. When these insects' wings come
into contact with the water, they become trapped on the surface
of the water, as if on fly-paper. The faintest vibration they make
on the surface of the water is then sensed by the spider. Furthermore,
the spider is not only able to establish the prey's location through
these vibrations, but also its size. It immediately goes to where
its prey is stuck on the water, bites, poisons, and kills it.
Who made this coating on the hairs on a spider's feet
to stop it from sinking, one wonders? This question can be broadened
by thinking that every water-spider there has ever been has had
its feet coated in this way. How do the spiders know about the water
being able to keep them afloat, the properties of water-resistant
molecules and their reaction with water molecules? Since they could
not have planned this system themselves, who did? Since this planned
system based on water surface tension could not have come about
by itself, or by chance, how did it come about? And how did spiders
pass on this system and the chemical formula of the product that
keeps them from sinking to later generations of spiders?
The answers to these questions will bring us to the
existence of a perfect creation. The spiders were created in perfect
form by God. In the same way as God gave every species the properties
it would need, he gave these spiders the feature of being able to
walk on water, which they would need.
32- Bilim ve Teknik Görsel Bilim
ve Teknik Ansiklopedisi (Science and Technology Gorsel Science and
Technology Encyclopedia), p. 108