Feathers, which have an extremely complex design
and aerodynamic characteristics, are unique to birds. The claim
that bird feathers evolved from reptile scales is completely groundless.
The bodies of reptiles are covered with scales,
whereas the bodies of birds are covered with feathers. Since evolutionists
consider reptiles the ancestors of birds, they are obliged to claim
that bird feathers have evolved from reptile scales. However, there
is no similarity between scales and feathers.
FEATHERS AND SCALES
The theory of evolution is compelled to propose that feathers
that are perfectly designed for flight evolved from reptile
scales. Feathers and scales, however, are completely different
from each other in terms of genetic origins and embryologic
development. Above is the detailed structure of a bird feather
and on the side are the scales of a reptile.
A professor of physiology and neurobiology from
the University of Connecticut, A.H. Brush, accepts this reality,
although he is an evolutionist: "Every feature from gene structure
and organization, to development, morphogenesis and tissue organization
is different (in feathers and scales)."36
Moreover, Prof. Brush examines the protein structure of bird feathers
and argues that it is "unique among vertebrates."37
Close-up of reptile scales. As we see clearly, scales
are overlapping hard skin parts. They have no resemblance
whatsoever to feathers.
There is no fossil evidence to prove that bird
feathers evolved from reptile scales. On the contrary, "feathers
appear suddenly in the fossil record, as an 'undeniably unique'
character distinguishing birds" as Prof. Brush states.38
Besides, in reptiles, no epidermal structure has yet been detected
that provides an origin for bird feathers.39
The "Feathered dinosaur fossils discovered
in China" story, which came to light in 1996 amidst great media
propaganda was totally unfounded, and it was realised in 1997 that
the Sinosauropteryx fossil in question possessed no structures resembling
THE PEACOCK AND DARWIN
The feathers of peacocks are a very explicit example
of design. They make a human being think in what a beautiful
and perfect form God created living things. However, Darwin
became "sick" every time he saw this beauty.
On the other hand, when we examine bird feathers
closely, we come across a very complex design that cannot be explained
by any evolutionary process. The famous ornithologist Alan Feduccia
states that "every feature of them has aerodynamic functions.
They are extremely light, have the ability to lift up which increases
in lower speeds, and may return to their previous position very
easily". Then he continues, "I cannot really understand
how an organ perfectly designed for flight may have emerged for
another need at the beginning".41
The design of feathers also compelled Charles
Darwin to ponder over them. Moreover, the perfect aesthetics of
the peafowl's feathers had made him "sick" (his own words).
In a letter he wrote to Asa Gray on April 3, 1860, he said "I
remember well the time when the thought of the eye made me cold
all over, but I have got over this stage of complaint..." And
then continued: "... and now trifling particulars of structure
often make me very uncomfortable. The sight of a feather in a peacock's
tail, whenever I gaze at it, makes me sick!"42
H. Brush, "On the Origin of Feathers", Journal of Evolutionary Biology,
Vol. 9, 1996. p. 132.
37) A. H. Brush, "On the Origin of Feathers", p.
38) A. H. Brush, "On the Origin of Feathers", p.
39) A. H. Brush, "On the Origin of Feathers", p.
40) "Plucking the Feathered Dinosaur", Science, Vol
278, 14 November 1997, p. 1229.
41) Douglas Palmer, "Learning to Fly", (Review of
The Origin of and Evolution of Birds by Alan Feduccia, Yale University
Press, 1996), New Scientist, Vol 153, 1 March 1997, p. 44.
42) Norman Macbeth, Darwin Retried: An Appeal to
Reason, Boston: Gambit, 1971, p. 101.